USACHPPM - Readiness thru Health Green Procurement Introduction to Green Procurement and Training for Federal Purchase Card Holders Pat Rippey U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine
What do we mean by “Green Procurement”? • Showing preference for purchasing products that are: • Made with Recycled Content • Made with Biobased Products • Energy and Water Efficient • Alternative Fuels or Vehicles • Renewable Energy Sources • Sustainable Building Materials • Lacking in Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) and Priority Chemicals • EPEAT-registered Electronic Equipment • Environmentally Preferable
Green Products Green Procurement Training Overview • DOD/Army Green Procurement Policies • Programs With Designated Products • Buy Recycled Program • BioPreferred Program • Finding Green Products
I work in an office; there are no green products that I can buy The products we’ve always used work just fine! Why change? Our focus is ourtraining mission. Buying green is just not a priority
Why Buy Green? • Use products that are healthier for the workforce and the environment • Save energy and natural resources • Promote recycling programs • Create jobs • Support US agriculture • Reduce disposal costs and hazards • Save money!
DOD Green Procurement Policy and Strategy August 27, 2004, Updated 2008 • Formally Establishes DOD Green Procurement Program (GPP) and Metrics • Requires that green products and services be considered as first choice for all procurements • Assigns responsibility to virtually every DOD employee; notes need for awareness training • Requires implementation at organizational level where initial purchasing requirements are defined • Requires documentation of objectives, targets, and actions in an installation-level plan • Uses the EMS framework for implementation
DoD Policy – Who’s Responsible? • The responsibility for implementing DoD’s GPP lies not within any single organization, but with every person involved in the procurement process. From the requirements planner to the administrative contracting official, as well as government purchase card holders and persons requisitioning products or services through any source of supply or contract, each person has a role to play in ensuring that DoD complies fully with all Federal procurement preference requirements. In other words, virtually every DoD employee has some level of responsibility.
Executive Order 13423 – Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management • Signed 24 January 2007 • Consolidated and strengthened 5 EOs and 2 Memoranda • Summary – Federal purchasers must show preference for environmentally preferable products and take actions to conserve resources (fossil fuels, water, and energy)
Executive Order 13514 – Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance • Requires federal agencies to “advance sustainable acquisition to ensure that 95 percent of new contract actions including task and delivery orders, for products and services with the exception of acquisition of weapon systems, are energy efficient, water efficient, biobased, environmentally preferable, non-ozone depleting, contain recycled content, or are non-toxic or less toxic alternatives, where such products and services meet agency performance requirements”
Coffee beans, banana peels, tobacco leaves Old blue jeans U.S. currency Potato starch and limestone Automobile tires Plastic drink bottles Soybean oil Wheat straw or jute Cotton seed lint or crushed walnut shells A Second Life!Match the product on the left with the recycled/biobased product on the right Ink Food service packaging Paper Spill Absorbent Park benches and clothing Coffee cups and tableware Pencils Playground material Particleboard
Designated Products –Mandatory Preference Programs • EPA’s “Buy Recycled” Program • Products designated since 1995 • Currently 62 designated products • USDA’s “BioPreferred” Program • 33 designated items • 9 more items proposed
purchasing Benefits of Buying Recycled Products • Creates recycling markets • Saves energy • Conserves resources • Saves money • Saves landfill space • Reduces pollution • Provides incentive for • development of new • technologies • Promotes environmental • stewardship collection manufacturing Purchasing recycled products is the key to completing the recycling loop!
Post-Consumer Materials are recovered materials specifically generated in the consumer sector (homes, businesses, etc). These make up the largest portion of the overall waste stream – so it is important to look for post-consumer material content in the products we purchase Typical Post-consumer materials
Plastic used to make soft drink bottles, food containers, and fabric (#1) Type of plastic commonly used in milk and water jugs (#2) A hard, brittle, generally transparent or translucent material formed from the rapid cooling of liquefied minerals A lightweight, silver-white, metallic element that makes up approximately 7 percent of the Earth's crust A strong, durable material made of iron and carbon, often used as a component in cans and as a structural material in construction Test your knowledge of Recyclable Materials PS Steel Aluminum HDPE PET Glass
Key Points • What would you look for on a label to ensure the greatest benefit for recycling programs? • Contains no additives • High post-consumer content • Safe for septic systems • Government-approved
Why Buy Green? IT'S THE LAW Resource Conservation And Recovery Act of 1976 Federal Acquisition Regulations Executive Orders 13423 and 13514 2002 Farm Bill Energy Policy Act 2005
WHO HAS TO COMPLY? • Section 6002 of RCRA required procuring agencies to have procurement preference programs for recycled-content products • “Procuring Agencies” include: • Any Federal Agency (e.g., DOD) • Any state or local agency using appropriated Federal funds for a procurement • Persons contracting with such agencies RCRA
EPA’s Buy Recycled Program:Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPGs) and Recovered Materials Advisory Notices (RMANs) • CPGs designate the products that must contain recovered material • RMANs provide recommended recycled-content percentages and guidance on buying recycled-content products RMAN: Recycled Content Levels CPG: What Products To Buy Example: 30% post consumer Example: Recycled paper
According to RCRA, procuring agencies must show procurement preferences for designated products unless the product: Is available only at an unreasonable price Will not meet reasonable performance standards Is unavailable within a reasonable timeframe or at a sufficient level of competition Exceptions Price Performance Availability
How Do I Use An Exception? • If you purchase a noncompliant product for reasons of price, performance, or availability, AND the purchase was above the micropurchase threshold, you must document the reasons for not purchasing the compliant (e.g. recycled or biobased) product Called a written determination or justification
Key Points • Which of the following is NOT an acceptable justification for purchasing a designated product without recycled or biobased content? • The price is unreasonable • The product will not meet performance standards • The product will be shipped overseas • The product is not available within a reasonable time frame
EPA-Designated Products under the Buy Recycled Program • Construction • Landscaping • Non-paper Office Products • Paper and Paper Products • Parks and Recreation • Transportation • Vehicular • Miscellaneous Product Categories:
DESIGNATED CPG ITEMS: Building insulation Carpet Cement and concrete Consolidated and reprocessed latex paint Floor tiles Laminated paperboard Patio blocks Shower and restroom dividers Structural fiberboard Carpet cushion Flowable fill Railroad grade crossings/surfaces Modular Threshold Ramps Nonpressure Pipe Roofing Materials CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS
DESIGNATED CPG ITEMS: Garden and soaker hoses Hydraulic mulch Lawn and garden edging Compost Fertilizer Landscaping timbers and posts (plastic lumber) LANDSCAPING PRODUCTS
DESIGNATED CPG ITEMS: Binders (paper, plastic covered) Office recycling containers Office waste receptacles Plastic desktop accessories Plastic envelopes Plastic trash bags Printer ribbons Toner cartridges Office furniture Solid plastic binders Plastic clipboards Plastic clip portfolios Plastic file folders Plastic presentation folders NON-PAPER OFFICE PRODUCTS
DESIGNATED CPG ITEMS: Commercial/industrial sanitary tissue products Miscellaneous papers Newsprint Paperboard and packaging products Printing and writing papers PAPER AND PAPER PRODUCTS
DESIGNATED CPG ITEMS: Plastic fencing Playground surfaces Running tracks Park and recreational furniture Playground equipment PARK AND RECREATION PRODUCTS
DESIGNATED CPG ITEMS: Channelizers Delineators Flexible delineators Parking stops Traffic barricades Traffic cones TRANSPORTATION PRODUCTS
DESIGNATED CPG ITEMS: Engine coolants Re-refined lubricating oils Retread tires Rebuilt vehicle parts VEHICULAR PRODUCTS
MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS DESIGNATED CPG ITEMS: • Pallets • Sorbents • Awards and plaques • Industrial drums • Mats • Signage, including supports • Strapping and stretch wrap • Bike racks • Blasting grit
RMAN RMANsRecommended Material Advisory Notices • Provide content recommendations and guidance on buying recycled-content products • Developed by EPA using industry standards and current technology • Represent products that: • Are commercially available • Are cost competitive • Adhere to quality standards Buy all your HDPE plastic binders with 90% recovered content!
Example of RMAN Expressed as Minimum Content Level This card was Recycled
RMAN Non-Paper Office Products Example of RMANs Expressed as Ranges
Examples of RMANs Expressed as Management Practices • Toner Cartridges: • Obtain remanufacturing services for used cartridges • Procure remanufactured toner cartridges • Procure new toner cartridges made with recovered materials • Printer Ribbon: • Procure ribbon reinking or reloading services in conjunction with printer service contracts, or • Purchase reinked or reloaded printer ribbons • Engine Coolant: • Reclaim spent engine coolants onsite for use in vehicles, or • Establish service contract for reclamation of spent coolant • If coolant is purchased directly, reclaimed coolant should be specified.
USDA’s BioPreferred Program • Biobased products are commercial or industrial products (other than food or feed) that utilize biological products or renewable domestic agricultural (plant, animal, and marine) or forestry materials • The Farm Bill (May 2002) made Federal agency purchase of biobased products mandatory • One year from item designation, Federal agencies must incorporate preference for the biobased item into their purchasing programs
Benefits of Biobased Products • Provide renewable raw materials for a broad range of nonfood and nonfeed products • Provide new and expanded markets for agricultural feedstocks • Reduce U.S. dependence on petroleum and other imports • Introduce products that are friendlier to the environment than their petroleum-based counterparts • Foster rural and sustainable development Soybean powered Agricultural Research Service tour bus
Designated Biobased Items • On 16 March 06,the first Biobased Items were designated • mobile equipment hydraulic fluids • urethane roof coatings • water tank coatings • diesel fuel additives • penetrating lubricants • bedding, linens, and towels • There are now 42 designated items!
Lip care products Biodegradable films Hydraulic fluids Biodegradable cutlery Glass cleaners Greases Dust suppressants Carpets Carpet and upholstery cleaners Parts wash solutions Examples of Designated Items under the BioPreferred Program • Adhesive and mastic removers • Hand cleaners/sanitizers • Biodegradable containers • Fertilizers • Sorbents • Graffiti and grease removers • Laundry products • Bathroom and spa cleaners • De-icers • Films
What About the Mandated Sources of Supply? • First define your product needs; for example, folders made with recycled content paper • Second, go to your mandatory sources of supply • If they don’t supply the item, let them know you require recycled/biobased content! • Check with them often to see if they supply the item Small Businesses
Do you know? • Which of these is an example of a biobased product? • Soy-based roof coating • Non-ozone-depleting aerosol • 35% post-consumer recycled paper • Chlorine-free industrial wipes
Other Aspects of Green Procurement • Environmentally Preferable • Energy and Water Efficient • Lacking in Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) and Priority Chemicals • EPEAT-registered Electronic Equipment
Environmentally Preferable Purchasing • EPP is the procurement of products or services having a lesser effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services • Examples: products that are less toxic, contain reduced VOCs, are durable or repairable, contain less packaging
Are environmentally preferable products available in the supply system?
Energy Efficient Products • Purchase devices with minimal standby power – at or below one watt where available • Consider ENERGY STAR® and other energy efficient products when purchasing or contracting for energy-using products
Energy Efficient Products • Many products are available with Energy Star labels or designated by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP): • Lighting, copiers, faxes, printers, scanners, computers, cell phones, blackberries, PDAs
Energy Tips • These are common energy wasters: • Have 2 monitors at your workstation • Disable your computer sleep mode setting • Have an elaborate screen saver (graphics, sound) • Leave battery chargers plugged in when not charging
Ozone-Depleting Substances • EO 13148 requires agencies to phase out the procurement of Class I ODSs by 31 Dec 2010. Facilities must: • Switch to safe, approved alternatives • Evaluate present and future uses of ODSs in equipment and systems • Turn in all excess ODSs from out-of-service equipment to DoD Class I ODSs CFCs Halons Carbon tetrachloride Methyl chloroform
Electronics • EO 13423 requires that: • 95% of electronic equipment purchased be registered using the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) • Computers and monitors have energy-saving features enabled • Electronics be managed over the life cycle