Download
community colleges preparing america s workforce in the 21 st century n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Community Colleges: Preparing America’s Workforce in the 21 st Century PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Community Colleges: Preparing America’s Workforce in the 21 st Century

Community Colleges: Preparing America’s Workforce in the 21 st Century

351 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Community Colleges: Preparing America’s Workforce in the 21 st Century

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Community Colleges: Preparing America’s Workforce in the 21st Century Presented by: Dr. Jesus “Jess” Carreon Chancellor, Dallas County Community College District

  2. What’s Changing? • Demographics • Nature of work • Workplace • Worker

  3. Future Work • By 2005, almost half of all workers will be employed in industries that produce or are intensive users of information technology. Source: U.S.Dept. of Labor

  4. Future Work (cont.) • Baby boomers make up almost half (47%) of the workforce today. • Young women are enrolling in college at a higher rate (70%) than young men (64%). Source: U.S.Dept. of Labor

  5. Future Work (cont.) • Small businesses employ about half of the nation's private sector workforce. Source: U.S.Dept. of Labor

  6. Future Work (cont.) • With more than 1600 corporate training institutions already established, “Corporate Universities” could surpass traditional universities, in number, by 2010. Source: U.S.Dept. of Labor

  7. 75 Million Baby Boomers!(Born 1946 – 1965)

  8. U.S. Population Projections Source: U.S. Census Bureau

  9. U.S. Population Projections Source: U.S. Census Bureau

  10. Mean Median Projected U.S. Population - Age Source: U.S. Census Bureau

  11. Geographic DistributionPersons 65+ 52% live in nine states: • California 3.6 million • Florida 2.8 million • New York 2.4 million • Texas 2.1 million • Pennsylvania 1.9 million • Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and New Jersey each with over 1 million. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census

  12. Geographic DistributionPersons 65+ (cont.) • Metropolitan areas 77.5% • Suburbs 50.0% Source: U.S. Census Bureau

  13. Regional Changes – 2025 Total Population South and West will comprise majority of growth • Northeast 17.1% • Midwest 20.7% • West 26% • South 36.2% Source: U.S. Census Bureau

  14. % Change from 2001 Projected U.S. Population by Ethnicity Source: U.S. Census Bureau

  15. % Change Ethnic Groups to 2025 • Caucasian – Slowest Growing, still largest • Hispanic – 2nd Fastest Growing, Southwest • Black – 2nd Slowest Growing, all regions • Asian – Fastest Growing, all regions • American Indian – 3rd fastest growing Source: U.S. Census Bureau

  16. The Pipeline Challenge “America will face a social and economic crisis unless it succeeds in promoting and taking advantage of racial and ethnic diversity.” Business – Higher Education Forum - “Investing in People: Developing All of America’s Talent on Campus and in the Workplace.”

  17. Employment Trends • 1990-2000 = +17% • 2000-2010 = +15% Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics Growth in Civilian Workforce:

  18. Observations • Largest shift will be decrease of “prime-age” (25-54) workers in the labor force. • Over 60% of workers do not have children at home but care for elderly family members. • Shift from defined-benefit to defined- contribution pensions has unknown impact. • Various organizational responses to technology impact productivity. Source: The Urban Institute

  19. MoreObservations • During 1992-99 expansion, college-educated workers accounted for 90% of growth. • Globalization of production has weakened the position of U.S. workers. • Although 1992-99 expansion increased job opportunities, many less educated workers have not reentered the job market. Source: The Urban Institute

  20. More Observations (cont.) In the next 20 years . . . • The civilian labor force will see a major change in age cohorts. • Men 16 and over will continue to decline in numbers and percentage. • Minorities and women will continue to increase dramatically in the civilian workforce. Source: U.S. Census Bureau

  21. Projected U.S. Workforce Source: U.S. Census Bureau

  22. Occupations by Replacement NeedCreated by Retirees 1998–2008 (in thousands) Total, all employees 22,205 Secretaries ......................................................…. 519 Truck drivers, heavy ......................................….. 425 Teachers, elementary school .........................….. 418 Janitors and cleaners ..................................…….. 408 Teachers, secondary school ..........................…….378 Registered nurses ......................................……... 331 Bookkeepers, accounting and auditing clerks …. 330 Teachers, college and university .................….... 195 Source: Monthly Labor Review

  23. Replacements Needed for Retirees (cont.) Administrators, education and related fields ….. 178 Farmers, except horticultural ........................….. 175 Supervisors, construction occupations ..........….. 165 Administrators and officials,................................ 143 Real estate sales occupations .....................…….. 144 Insurance sales occupations .......................…….. 135 Industrial machinery repairers .......................….. 125 Maids and housekeeping cleaners ...............…..... 122 Private household cleaners and servants .....……. 112 Physicians ....................................................…….. 108 Financial managers .......................................….... 102 Lawyers……………………………………………………….99 Source: Monthly Labor Review

  24. Industry Employment2000-2010 • Service Sector – Continues to dominate growth adding 20.5 million jobs (+19%). • Manufacturing down by 3%. • Health, Business, Human Services, Engineering, Management and related services account for 1 of every 2 non-farm jobs. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

  25. Occupational Employment 2000-2010 • Professional and related occupations will add 7% and 5.1%, respectively. • Transportation and material moving occupations are projected to grow 15%. • Office admin support will grow more slowly. • 8-10 fastest growing occupations are computer related. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

  26. Fastest Growing Occupations, 2000–2010(National) • Computer Software Engineer +100% • Computer Support Specialist + 97% • Medical Assistants + 57% • Soc. & Human Serv. Asst. + 54% • Physician Asst. + 53% • Home Health Aide + 47% • Veterinary Asst. + 40% • Dental Asst. + 37% Source: Monthly Labor Review

  27. Fastest Growing Occupations, New York (per year) • Computer Scientists +7.9% • Computer Support Spec. +6.3% • Paralegals +5.5% • Medical Scientists +4.6% • Post-sec. Health Teachers +4.4% • Sheet Metal Duct Installers +4.4% • Medical Asst. +4.0% • Dental Asst. +3.6% Source: NY Dept. of Labor

  28. Fastest Growing Occupations, North Carolina (per year) • Computer Scientists +8.0% • Desktop Publishing Spec. +7.0% • Health Practitioners +6.7% • Paralegals +6.5% • Computer Support Spec. +6.4% • Respiratory Therapists +5.8% • Cardiology Techs. +5.7% • Computer Science Teachers(post-sec.) +5.7% Source: NC Employment Security Commission

  29. Fastest Growing Occupations, Georgia (per year) • Computer Engineers +12.8 • Demonstrators & Models +11.6% • Human Service Workers +9.0% • Home Health Aides +8.9% • Offset Press Operators +7.2% • Child Care Workers +6.4% • Bakers +5.8% • Private Detectives +5.4% • Physical Therapists +5.1% Source: NW Georgia Career Depot

  30. Fastest Growing Occupations, Kentucky (per year) • Computer Scientists +13.9 • Physical Therapy Asst. +10% • Personal Home Care Aides +9.6% • Computer Support Spec. +9.1% • Physical Therapists +8.5% • Occupational Therapists +8.2% • Medical Asst. +7.8% • Paralegals +7.2% Source: Kentucky Dept. for Employment Services

  31. Fastest Growing Occupations, Indiana (2000-2008) • Computer Engineers +100.2% • Computer Support Spec. +73.8% • Home Health Aides +64.7% • Medical Asst. +61.5% • Human Services Asst. +56.8% • Ship Mates +52.9% • Physician Asst. +48.1% • Physical Therapy Asst. +46.4% Source: Indiana Career & Postsecondary Advancement Center

  32. Fastest Growing Occupations, Missouri (2000-2008) • Computer Scientists +82.1% • Desktop Publishing Spec. +76.5% • Computer Support Spec. +67.8% • Paralegals +62.4% • Health Practitioners +61.7% • Computer Science Teachers +50.0% • Rec/Leisure/ Fitness Teachers +47.1% • Respiratory Therapists +44.1% Source: Missouri Economic Research & Information Center

  33. Fastest Growing Occupations, Texas (2000-2010) • Computer & Data Processing +55.5% • Management & PR +41.3% • Freight/Transportation Arrangement +41.1% • Automobile Repair +39/7% • Osteopathic Phys. Office Work +38.6% • Individual & Family /Services +36.2% • Health Office Occupations +35.9% • Child Care Services +35.8 • Residential Care +32.2% Source: Texas Workforce Commission

  34. Fastest Growing Occupations, Montana (per year) • Computer Support Spec. +83.6 • Fitness Trainer +59.1% • Home Care Aides +57% • Medical Asst. +52.1% • Human Service Asst. +51.3% • Amusement & Rec. Attendants +47.0% • Hotel, Motel Clerks +46.8% • Tour Guides +41.1% Source: Montana Dept. of Labor & Industry

  35. Fastest Growing Occupations, Oregon (2000-2008) • Computer Support Spec. + 114% • Human Service Asst. + 78% • Private Detectives + 62% • Occupational Therapy Aides + 55% • Desktop Publishers + 52% • Physical Therapists + 48% • Physical Therapy Asst. + 47% • Child Care Workers + 42% Source: OR Labor Market Information System

  36. Fastest Growing Occupations, California (2000-2010) • Computer Specialists +106.8% • Human Service Asst. + 68.7% • Medical Asst. + 52.7% • Teachers (Spec. Ed, Pre-School, Kindergarten) + 51.3% • Dental Asst., & Hygienists + 50.0% • Medical Records Tech. + 49.3% • Speech Pathologists + 48.3% • PR Managers + 47.7% Source: CA Labor Market Information System

  37. New Workforce Skills Highly Skilled and Unskilled Jobs as a % of the Workforce Source: Bureau of LaborStatistics

  38. 1996 vs 2000 Declining Job Tenure Median Years of Job Tenure Source: Bureau ofLabor Statistics

  39. Individual Rigid Company Focused Non-Responsive Insensitive to Diversity Coordinated Flexible Customer Focused Responsive Sensitive to Diversity Other?_____ The Workplace

  40. Academic (standard) • Technical (standard) • Social • International/Intercultural new new The 21st Century Worker Skills Needed:

  41. Implications for Workforce Education/Training • Labor shortage of skilled workers • Higher levels of education will be necessary to secure new, higher-paying jobs – 80% of jobs will require more post-secondary education • No easy answer whether supply of qualified workers will meet demand in key industry sectors

  42. Path to the American Dream % of High School Graduates Attending College1979-97 and projected to 2010 Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics and National Alliance of Business

  43. Projected Supply and Demand of Workerswith some Postsecondary Education Education Required Source: Bureauof Labor Statistics Bureau, U.S. Census and National Allianceof Business

  44. Tidal Wave II Total Undergraduate Enrollment in Postsecondary Education, 1995 and 2015 (in millions) Source: Carnevale, AnthonyP. and Richard A. Fry. Crossing the Great Divide. Educational Testing Services, 2000.

  45. National Perspective Projected Postsecondary Enrollment Distributionby Institution, 1975 to 2015 Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics and National Alliance of Business

  46. Associate Degree Desired * Does not include all types of training

  47. Students’ Readiness for College • Among families with incomes greater than $75,000 per year, < 60% of HS graduates were highly qualified for admission to 4-yr colleges. • For families under $25,000 per year, 47% were not even minimally qualified. • 63% of community college students take at least one remedial course. Source: U.S. Dept. of Education

  48. Preparing a 21st Century Workforce : Everyone’s Involved • Providers: • K-16 (includes public and private 2 & 4 year colleges) • Private vocational schools, consultants • Industry, businesses and labor unions • Need for continuous education and training as workplace demands change.

  49. Fundamental Changes • Training for new economy credentials • Vendor provided credentials • Vendor driven curriculum • Rapid changes in job expertise • More than 300 discrete certifications • Over 2.4 million IT certifications awarded • Most training providers outside traditional higher education • and on and on…

  50. Increasing Demand for skilled workers Shortage of prepared workers Job demand for post-secondary education Productivity based on skills Higher educational attainment Enrollment in post-secondary institutions Decreasing job tenure Opportunities for Community Colleges