Download
european colonization of latin america n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
European Colonization of Latin America PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
European Colonization of Latin America

European Colonization of Latin America

915 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

European Colonization of Latin America

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. European Colonization of Latin America The Explorers and Conquistadors

  2. Columbus • 1492 Columbus established a new commercial route to the Americas • Returns to New World • No longer an explorer… • Now an empire builder (17 ships)

  3. Eurocentrism – Europeans claimed to “discover” Am. Conquistadors – “conquerors” followed him to America seeking adventure wealth and glory They also had a desire to spread Catholicism Conquistadors

  4. What is going on? • Amerigo Vespucci – “new” world • German mapmaker – America • Magellan – 5 ships & 250 men • Killed in the Philippines • Disease & starvation reduced crew • 18 men & 1 ship • Balboa

  5. Treaty of Tordesillas • 1494 – Spain and Portugal competed for colonies • The Pope set a north south line dividing the world in two • Spain got lands to the West • Portugal got lands to the East

  6. Conquistadors • Vasco de Balboa – first European to see Pacific Ocean • Hernando Cortez – defeated the Aztecs and stole their gold • Francisco Pizarro – conquered the Incas and brought to Spain their riches

  7. Cortez • Rumors of land filled with gold and silver • Aztec Empire • Tenochtitlán – capital • Montezuma II – emperor • Thought Cortez was a god • Mont. give part of gold to Cortez • “disease of the heart only gold can cure” • Attack Aztecs, conquer them in 1521

  8. Technology – horses, armor, guns and canons made the Europeans better equipped for war Disease – smallpox… wiped out ½ the Indian pop. in some cases Help – native tribes helped Cortez fight Aztecs How did they win?

  9. Francisco Pizarro • Incas – Atahualpa (Ah•tuh•WAHL•puh) • Ambushed Incas; kidnapped Atahualpa • Once with gold, Twice with silver • Get the money, then kill him • Incans retreat; Pizarro takes capital

  10. Dividing the Spoils - Sovereignty • European monarchs were all interested in the wealth of the Americas • Spain and Portugal claimed Sovereignty (sole control) over lands in Latin America

  11. Spanish settlers were given HUGE tracts of land for cultivation of ca$h crops, mining, or ranching. CA$H crops – coffee, sugar and tobacco Mestizo – mixed Spanish/Native American race Encomienda system in the Spanish Empire

  12. Spain • Very rich & Very powerful • Build a strong navy • More Expansion!!! • Juan Ponce de León • Claimed FL for Spain • Francisco Vásquez de Coronado • AZ, NM, TX, OK, KN

  13. The Catholic Church • Catholic priests est. schools, taught agriculture and worked to end abuses of Indians • Church grew rich through grants of land and church taxes • New Mexico • Santa Fe

  14. Conclusion • Encomienda system under fire – abolished • Need new source of labor… • Africans • New European nations start to establish other colonies in the Americas… • …Like the French and English (Next Section…)