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Review of Lessons

Review of Lessons

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Review of Lessons

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  1. Review of Lessons • Republic Act (R.A.) 9163 – also known as National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of 2001 • What is the guiding principle in establishing the NSTP? Section 2 of R.A. 9163 affirmed that it is the prime duty of the government to serve and protect its citizens. In turn, it shall be the responsibility of the citizens to defend the security of the state and in fulfillment thereof, the government may require each citizen to render personal, military or civil service. • What are the goals of the State from among the youth in nation building? In recognizing the vital role of the youth in nation building, the state shall promote their civic-consciousness and develop their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual and social well-being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and advance their involvement in public and civic affairs.

  2. What should the state do to pursue the afore cited goals? The youth shall be motivated, trained, organized and mobilized in military training, literacy, civic welfare and other similar endeavors in the service of the nation. • What is the National Service Training Program (NSTP) all about? It is a program aimed at enhancing civic consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing the ethic of service and patriotism while undergoing training in any of its three (3) program components.

  3. What are the three (3) program components of NSTP? • 1. Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) – is a program institutionalized under section 38 and 39 of RA 7077 designed to provide military training to tertiary-level students in order to motivate, train, organize and mobilize them for defense preparedness. • 2. Literacy Training Service (LTS) – is a program designed to train students to become teachers of literacy and numeric skills to school children, out-of school youth and other segments of society in need of their services. • 3. Civic Welfare Training Services (CWTS) – refer to the programs or activities contributory to the general and betterment of life for the members of the community or the enhancement of its facilities, especially those devoted to improving health, education, environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and morals of the citizenry.

  4. Module 1:Values Clarification “Ganito kami noon; paano kayo ngayon?”

  5. Definition • Values - A principle, standard, or quality that has been freely chosen from alternatives and acted upon which is considered worthwhile or desirable

  6. Values Clarification is a process by which a person can discover values or principles through one’s behavior, feelings, ideas and important choices one has made. • It is during the early adult stage that an individual can really clarify what decision in his/her life had a major influence on one’s personality. Thus, this process can help one understand his/her character and the choices that a person will make in the future. • A person is continually developing his/her values: values can never be static but must be continually re-chosen as a person matures. As a person grows, he/she is continually choosing values and fashioning his/her hierarchy of values.

  7. Benildean Core Values • Deeply Rooted in Faith – ever conscious of God’s presence steeped in Christian values, ethics and morals; • Appreciative of Individual Uniqueness – that of one’s own and that of one’s neighbor; • Socially Responsible – aware of one’s actions and committed to the recognition and development of one’s own and the other person’s responsibilities and duties; • Professionally Competent - effective in thought and expression, decisive and independent-minded; • Filipino In Ideals – is able to exhibit a strong sense of nationhood; pro-life, pro-people, pro-Philippines; Nationalistic in ideas and perspective • Creative-one who uses his/her knowledge and skills to make a unique, resourceful or innovative way of solving a problem by being responsible and does not violate any rule

  8. Activity 1: Four Corners • Explain to the group that in this activity they will be asked to express their feelings about particular values. Show the youth where you have posted the signs—AGREE, DISAGREE, and UNSURE. Explain to the group that you are going to read several value statements. As you read each one, you want them to think very carefully about how they feel about it. Each person will then move to the section of the room where the sign agrees with how they feel about that value statement. • Say that you will ask for volunteers to describe how they feel about each statement, since one characteristic of a value is that a person can tell others about it. Emphasize that there are no right or wrong answers, only opinions. Everyone has a right to express an opinion, and no one will be put down for having a different value than others have. Be sure to mention that participants have the right to pass if they would rather not take a stand on a particular value statement. Also, point out that passing is not the same as being unsure. Finally, let everyone know that they can change their stand on any particular value at any time. For example, some participants might feel that they disagree with a particular value but change their minds if someone else makes a good case for agreeing with that value. • Ask everyone to return to their original seats. Conclude with the Discussion Questions below. • Discussion Questions: • What did you learn about yourself? About others? • Was it hard to express disagreement with another person's values? Why or why not? • Were there times when you felt uncomfortable or unsafe? What helped you stand by your values at that time? • Were there any times when you felt unable to stand for your values? Why do you think that was so? • What would support people at times when they feel unable to stand up for a value they believe in?

  9. Filipino Values

  10. The 1987 Constitution is a formal document embodying social values deemed desirable for the nation. It has been claimed that the Philippine Constitution is the only constitution in the world which mentions the two words `God' and `love'. The Preamble states: We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and the regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.

  11. The Fourfold Base of Filipino ValuesSERAFIN D. TALISAYON 1.Universal to all human beings but with distinctive Filipino flavor 2.It has similarities with other cultures but different in priority China, honesty and hard work may rank highest; Chinese and Japanese cultures give great value to politeness and beauty; American culture to promptness and efficiency; and Filipino culture to trust in God and family centeredness. 3. It varies on how it is applied, through the norms and tradition 4. Through historical accounts and influences, how it changes throughout each generation

  12. Ambivalence of the Filipino Values EMERITA S. QUITO • Hiya(shame/sensitivity) • Negative, because it arrests or inhibits one's action. This trait reduces one to smallness or to what Nietzsche calls the "morality of slaves", thus congealing the soul of the Filipino and emasculating him, making him timid, meek and weak. • Positive, because, a person considers other peoples feelings and avoids arguments or offense to others

  13. Ningas-cogon (procrastination) • Negative, by all standards, because it begins ardently and dies down as soon as it begins. This trait renders one inactive and unable to initiate things or to persevere. • Positive, in a way, because it makes a person non-chalant, detached, indifferent, nonplussed should anything go wrong, and hence conducive to peace and tranquillity. • Mañana or "Bukas na" (procrastination) • Negative, because one constantly postpones action and accomplishes nothing. This aggravates a situation, a problem grows beyond correction, a leak or a small break becomes a gaping hole. This arises from an indolent mentality that a problem will go away by itself. • Positive, because one is without stress and tension; one learns to take what comes naturally. Like the Chinese wu-wei, this trait makes one live naturally and without undue artificiality.

  14. Pakikisama (group loyalty) • Negative, because one closes one's eyes to evils like graft and corruption in order to conserve peace and harmony in a group at the expense of one's comfort. • Positive, because one lives for others; peace or lack of dissension is a constant goal. Pakiusap (appear) palakasan (show of power) sipsip (bribery) palusot (alibi) lagay (bribe) bata System (nepotism)

  15. Bahala na (resignation) • Negative, because one leaves everything to chance under the pretext of trusting in Divine providence. This trait is really laziness disguised in religious garb. • Positive, because one relies on a superior power rather than on one's own. It is conducive to humility, modesty, and lack of arrogance. • Utang na loob (indebtedness) • Negative, because one overlooks moral principles when one is indebted to a person. One who is beholden to another person will do anything to please him, thinking that by doing so he is able to repay a debt. One condones what the other person does and will never censure him for wrongdoing. • Positive, because it is a recognition of one's indebtedness. This trait portrays the spirit behind the Filipino saying, "He who does not know how to look to the past will never reach his destination."

  16. Bayanihan(cooperation) “Being heroes to each other” palabra de honor (word of honor) delicadeza (finesse) paggalang (honoring) pagdadamayan (comforting)

  17. “ Paano kayo ngayon?”