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MONASTICISM. Its rise and spread – hermits were the first to leave the cities and to seek solitude in the desert regions. Communities of hermits gave rise to monastic life. Monasteries became little cities where likeminded Christians could go to live their faith together.
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MONASTICISM • Its rise and spread – hermits were the first to leave the cities and to seek solitude in the desert regions. • Communities of hermits gave rise to monastic life.Monasteries became little cities where likeminded Christians could go to live their faith together. • The Greek word for desert is hermit.A “hermit crab” is a crab that lives in the desert, not necessarily alone. • Hermits sought solitude and a simple but hard life of daily work and prayer. • They broke away from the “noise” of daily life in the cities to seek God in peace and harmony with nature.
MOST INFLUENTIAL CHRISTIAN WRITERS • PAUL is the most influential of all = 13 of the 27 books of the New Testament • JEROME is the 2nd most influential= Completely translated the Bible into Latin • AUGUSTINE is the 3rd most influential = He wrote several Western Theological Classics
3 STYLES OF MONASTICISM • 1. Egyptian – severe asceticism, calls for a simple life of prayer in the desert • 2. Celtic – focused more on daily work • 3. Benedictine – a balanced life between times for work and prayer.
Life at Monte Cassino – Praying the “Liturgy of the Hours” • 2 AM “Nocturn” prayer chant in the chapel • 6 AM Sunrise “Lauds” prayer, meditation • “Prime” prayer, morning work (hard labor) • 9 AM “Terce” prayer sung in the chapel • “He who sings prays twice.” More work. • 11:50 “Sext” prayer chanted in the chapel • Lunch – 1st meal of the day! (Vegetables, bread, wine) Siesta! • 3 PM “None” prayer chanted in the chapel • Tend to crops, sew robes, copy books, bake breads, make wine, feed the hungry • 6 PM “Vespers” prayer in the chapel • Listen to the Word of God • Have a light meal. Time for private reading • Study and rest for the night.
FIVE RELIGIOUS ORDERS OF MEN: • 1. Benedictines – O.S.B. (529) (Order of St. Benedict) • 2. Franciscans Friars – O.F.M. (1209) (Order of Friars Minor) • 3. Carmelites – O.Carm. (1209) (Order of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel) • 4. Dominicans – O.P. (1216) (Order of Friars Preachers) • 5. Augustinians – O.S.A. (1256) (Order of Saint Augustine)
Monastery Project A Lesson on Interdependency, Communal Living, and Hierarchy
MP1 – THE ELECTION OF THE LEADERSHIP TEAM • 1st we need to elect our leaders. • We need an abbot or abbess. • We need two counselors for each leader. • The abbot / abbess has absolute authority in the monastery. • You may not directly make requests of the abbot / abbess without first going to one of the counselors. • There is a chain of command that is strictly followed in the monastery.
MP2 - ABBOT / abbess MAKE THE FOLLOWING APPOINTMENTS: • Abbot / abbess – supreme commander / judge • Counselor – upper management • Counselor – upper management • Church – place for prayer and safety during attack • Dormitory – place to sleep at night (latrine / toilet) • Refectory – the place where the community eats together • Cloister (The Well area) – the courtyard and water source • Infirmary – a hospital to take care of the wounded • Kitchen – plan the menu and cook the food • Workshop – What does your monastery need to make? • Library – Monk work on copying scrolls, etc. • Fields, forest, vineyards – source of food and supplies
MP3 – MASTER FLOOR PLAN • TOP-DOWN view of your entire monastery on a large poster board. • The abbot / abbess and the counselors are responsible for the completion of the floor plan. • They may assign tasks to anyone they choose, but the “buck” always falls upon the leaders to get the job done. • Your entire team needs one TOP DOWN view of the entire monastery grounds with all of the locations indicated on the poster. • You may, if you are interested, turn this into a CHOICE POINTS project by erecting a 3D model or 3D picture of your monastery rather than a simple flat blueprint.
MP4 – Individual Floor Plans • Each student must produce a notebook paper sized floor plan for the part of the monastery to which he / she was assigned to manage. • Turn these floor plan in to your counselors. • Counselors will meet with the abbot / abbess to approve these floor plans. • If not approved, the plans must go back to the managers for needed improvements.
(1) “NOCTURN” - 2 AM NIGHTTIME VIGIL (2) “LAUDS”- SUNRISE MORNING PRAYER (3) “TERCE” - 9 AM MID-MORNING PRAYER (4) “SEXT” - 11:50 AM DAYTIME PRAYER (5) “NONE” - 3 PM MID-AFTERNOON PRAYER (6) “VESPERS” - 6 PM EVENING PRAYER (7) “NIGHT PRAYER” - 9 PM (1) MORNING WORK SMALL BREAKFAST CREW(BREAD & COFFEE) (2) MID-MORNING WORK LUNCH CREW(MAIN MEAL) (3) AFTERNOON WORK DINNER CREW(SMALLER MEAL) (4) EVENING WORK The Benedictine Daily Schedule PRAY & WORK
MP5 – Write a maintenance plan for the WORK times assigned to your office. What will your crew be doing? 6 am 1. MORNING WORK DETAIL 9 am 2. MID-MORNING WORK DETAIL noon 3. LUNCH CREW WORK DETAIL 3 pm 4. AFTERNOON WORK DETAIL 6 pm 5. DINNER CREW (a small meal) 9 pm 6. CHANTED NIGHT PRAYER
MP6 – Write one page of Memos to Other Managers For Special Needs EXAMPLES: • To Workshop Master: • From Master Chef: • “Our cooking pots are rusted. • We need a 10 gal. copper kettle for boiling water. • To Workshop Master • From Dormitory Master • We have 3 broken bed frames. Please send a brother to mend the beds. The broken frames are numbered 2, 12, and 13.
Other Sample Memos … • To The Abbot • From the Cloister Master • We discovered a dead chicken in the well today. • We need an alternate source of water this week. • The brother responsible for the crime is in the dungeon. What shall we do with him? • To The Dormitory • From The Church • Sister Insomnia is always late for morning prayer, please check her bed for lice or other vermon.
MP7 – PRAYER & WORSHIP • Your team needs to demonstrate to the class that you can all CHANT together at least ten verses of a Psalm prayer. • Form two “choirs” • Divide your team into two sides. • Side 1 CHANTS the 1st verse of a psalm • Side 2 CHANTS the 2nd verse of the psalm. • Both Sides CHANT the “Glory Be to the Father”
MP8 – Monastery Drama • Each Manager needs to write a scenario of something that is going wrong in their part of the monastery. • Give a written account of any disputes that are happening to the abbot / abbess and the counselors. • The leadership team will receive these scenarios. • The leadership team must prioritize these concerns and call a meeting of the managers to settle the issues. • #1 = 1st top priority! ~ then 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th,etc.
MP9 – Criminal Justice System • Each manager will report a crime to the Abbot / abbess. • The leadership team will decide which case takes precedence and deserves attention. • The Abbot / abbess will hold a trial. Evidence will be presented. • A judgment will be delivered by the council.
MP10 – Superstition Abounds! • Research Dark Ages superstitions. • Reference your Source. • Summarize your finding. • Write a one page short story that describes an imaginary event that lead to the creation of a superstition at your monastery. • Examples: Something to do with why the number 13 is considered unlucky, or why black cats are treated mysteriously as harbingers of evil. • End with how superstitions continue to influence people in the present day.
PAY YOUR PRINTING TOLLS TO THE “THING 1 & 2 ” TROLLS. • The list of print jobs from every account is posted near the printer. • Slip some cash in the plastic bottle guarded by “Thing 1” and “Thing 2”. • Put a √ mark after your amount once paid. • This is an HONOR system. • GOD and the THINGS are watching your every move. PLEASE BE HONEST!