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Revolution and Articles

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  1. Revolution and Articles VUS.4.a John Locke and Common Sense VUS.4.b Colonists differ about separation VUS.4.c Revolutionary War victory VUS.5.a Articles of Confederation rgz:hhs:sped:fcps

  2. John Locke • Enlightenment thinker • All are free, equal in • natural rights to • life • liberty • Property • “The people” • social contract with king • ordered liberty to obey laws • government power by consent • right to overthrow bad ruler rgz:hhs:sped:fcps

  3. George Mason • Virginian thinker • Neighbor to George Washington • Wrote Virginia “Bill of Rights” • natural rights to • life • liberty • religion • “The people” • Must not be oppressed by government rgz:hhs:sped:fcps

  4. Thomas Paine • Wrote Common Sense • 1775 • widely reprinted and read • for independence • Small island has no right • to govern big continent • Bad king has no right • to govern good people rgz:hhs:sped:fcps

  5. Declaration of Independence • Thomas Jefferson 1776 • Delegate from Virginia • used Locke and Paine • detailed grievances • Self-evident truths • life, liberty and • the pursuit of happiness • Rights are secured • by government of consent • Consent of the governed • Can alter or abolish to effect safety and happiness rgz:hhs:sped:fcps

  6. Colonies’ conflict with Britain • King triumphant in victory • King George III assumed territory • took land from colonial charters • Proclamation of 1763 • prohibited settlement west • favored Indian trade • Direct tax on America • Stamp Act, Tea, Sugar • to pay for French & Indian War rgz:hhs:sped:fcps

  7. American Revolution Begins • Boston Tea Party • locally enforced boycott • resistance to British rule • Boston Massacre • from the Quartering Act • King’s soldiers versus Boston’s sailors • Lexington and Concord • “Minutemen” local militia • British strike for powder rgz:hhs:sped:fcps

  8. Faces of the Declaration Thomas Jefferson Benjamin Franklin John Locke Thomas Paine rgz:hhs:sped:fcps