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TERRORISM and LAUSD

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  1. TERRORISMand LAUSD Los Angeles Unified School District Office of Environmental Health and Safety Robert Kamm

  2. What is Terrorism? The unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political and social objectives (FBI).

  3. Foreign Terrorist Organizations • The US State Department lists 38 groups as Foreign Terrorist Organizations. • 50% of the groups are Islamist. • www.state.gov

  4. Prominent Foreign Terrorist Groups • Al Qa’ida • HAMAS • Hizbollah • Jemaah Islamiya (JI) • Palestine Islamic Jihad • Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia (FARC) • Real IRA

  5. Domestic Terrorist Groups • Right-Wing • Left-Wing • Anarchist • Single Issue

  6. Madrid March 11, 2004

  7. Terrorism is Here in Los Angeles!

  8. Special Interest Groups • ELF • ALF • Anti-Abortion

  9. What are the threats? • HAZ MAT • Chemical • Biological • Radiological • Nuclear • Bombings • Suicide • Vehicle • Cyber Attack • Lack of services

  10. Weapons of Mass Destruction Biological Chemical Nuclear Radiological

  11. FBI Threat Spectrum PROBABILITY OF EVENT Bio Toxins Industrial Chemicals Pathogens Radioisotopes Chemical Weapons Nuclear Weapons EVENT CONSEQUENCES

  12. Biological Terrorism Use of biological agents or toxins to intentionally produce illness in a susceptible population • Biological agents easy to obtain, produce & distribute • Difficult to detect (invisible, odorless & delayed onset) • Can cause mass casualties at low cost • Potential wide-spread panic / social disruption

  13. Biological Agents & Disease variola major Smallpox bacillus anthracisAnthrax yersinia pestis Plague clostridium botulinum Botulism francisella tularensis Tularemia Ebola virus Viral hemorrhagic fevers

  14. Why Worry About Bioterrorism? Nations believed to have bio-weapons capabilities Iraq Iran Libya Syria North Korea South Korea Taiwan Israel Egypt Vietnam Laos Cuba Bulgaria India South Africa China Russia Iraq & Russia have large-scale offensive programs

  15. History of Biowarfaire 1346- Tartar forces besieging Kaffa catapulted plague-contaminated corpses over city walls French and Indian War- British gave smallpox-laden blankets to Native Americans In WWI- German agents used anthrax and to infect livestock and feed for export to allied forces 1972 - Biological Weapons Treaty ratified by 140 nations

  16. Recent Acts of Bioterrorism 2001 - Anthrax incidents following 9/11 1998 - Nation-wide anthrax hoaxes 1996 - Shigella-contaminated muffins in Dallas 1994 - Sarin gas attacks in Tokyo 1991 - Ricin toxin produced Minnesota 1985 - Cyanide in pickles in Los Angeles 1984 - Salmonella sprayed on salad bars in Oregon

  17. Routes of Exposure • Inhalation • Dermal absorption • Ingestion • Injection

  18. Inhalation or Dermal Absorption of Aerosols • Most likely route for Bio-Terrorism • Aerosols of most agents produce disease • Objective is to generate respirable size particles • 0.5 - 10 microns • remain suspended for long periods • can reach the alveoli

  19. Cooperative Efforts in Los Angeles • LAPD • LA Sheriff • Fire/Health Haz-Mat • FBI • Terrorism Early Warning Group (TEWG) • Archangel • Center for Disease Control (CDC)

  20. Education Safety Alerts Standard Emergency Procedures Safe School Plan Safe Schools Inspection Guidebook Routine School Safety Inspections Drills and Exercises Assignment of Duty Officer Routine District briefings & consultation with agencies OEHS LAUSD Preparedness

  21. Animal Disturbance Armed Assault on campus Biological or Chemical Release Bomb Threat Bus Disaster Earthquake Explosion or Risk of Explosion Fire in Surrounding area Fire on School Grounds Flooding Loss or Failure of Utilities Motor Vehicle Crash Psychological Trauma Suspected Contamination of Food or Water Safe School Plan Vol. 2 Emergency Procedures

  22. Emergency Operations Center

  23. LAUSD EOC Systems • 200 KW diesel generator supports EOC and all critical communications • Uninterruptible power supply (UPS) for all data and communications • 14 generic work stations. Supports all 5 functions of SEMS and ICS • Multiple fax machines and blast faxing

  24. LAUSD EOC Systems (cont) • Direct Email to EOC for situation updates and damage assessments • 3 separate data networks to ensure redundancy (LASPD & LAUSD LACity) • Stand alone heating and ventilation system (HVAC) • Desktop radio communications consuls for LASPD, Transportation & Emergency Operations

  25. LAUSD EOC Systems (cont) • 14 hand held portable radios for emergency operations • Multiple portable cell phone kits for response to incidents or command post • Amateur radio communications (HAM) • Multiple media monitoring systems • 14 standalone telephone systems • User accounts with LA County EOC, EMIS and LA City EOC, Web EOC

  26. Simulator and Training

  27. What Can I Do? • Be Aware • Suspicious persons • Suspicious activities • Be Prepared • Emergency supplies • Family communications plan • Shelter in place • Get away plan • Plans for school or work • Be Informed

  28. References • WWW.READY.GOV • U.S. State Department • Red Cross