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Types of Vegetative Propagation

Types of Vegetative Propagation

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Types of Vegetative Propagation

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  1. Cuttings (stem cuttings, leaf cutting, root cuttings): Begonias, Gardenias, Pineapples, Coleus Separation/Division: Irises, Sempervivum, Lilies Grafting: Roses, Walnuts, Apples, Apricots Layering: Diffenbachia, Rubber Tree (Ficus elastica) Types of Vegetative Propagation

  2. Stem Cuttings • Use sections of the stem which have leaves. • Treat with rooting hormone to promote root growth.

  3. Leaf Cuttings • Uses a leaf section, petiole, or a cutting of the leaf. • The cutting is then treated with hormones to stimulate root growth.

  4. Root Cuttings • A section of the root is cut and planted. • A new plant grows from the root cutting.

  5. Layering • This method is used mainly with plants which naturally reproduce this way (blackberries & vines). • A section of the stem is scraped and buried. • Roots grow from the buried stem.

  6. Separation • The removal of corms or bulblets from a parent plant. • The small corm or bulb is then used for planting

  7. Division • Roots and shoots of plants which grow in bunches are dug up and separated. • The divisions are planted.

  8. Grafting • Material from two different woody plants are directly joined. • Used to create plants with disease resistant or dwarfing root stocks. • Plants are specially cut and spliced together.