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Mt4: The causes and effects of WW2

Mt4: The causes and effects of WW2

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Mt4: The causes and effects of WW2

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  1. Mt4: The causes and effects of WW2 Learning Goal/Essential question: Lt2: Explain what Germany, Italy and Japan did to expand their empires/control in the 1930s. Lt3: Understand why European leaders choose to appease the totalitarian leaders prior to the outbreak of WW2. Understand why the USA choose isolationism prior to WW2

  2. Vocabulary • Complete a circle map for each of the following words: • Appeasement/ appease • Nonintervention

  3. Definition • Appeasement/appease • the political strategy of pacifying a potentially hostile nation in the hope of avoiding war, often by granting concessions • When a nation chooses to give a more aggressive/mean nation what they want in order to keep war from occurring/happening, usually by giving the aggressive/mean nation what they want • Isolationism • The refusal to intervene or practice of not being involved in the affairs of others • To make the decision to not get involved in the issues/problems others are having • Isolationism

  4. Italy/Mussolini: Expansion • Mussolini wanted to make Italy a world power – “Make Italy as powerful as the Roman empire” • Mussolini said the only way to make Italy a world power was to expand it’s empire • Take over other places

  5. Mussolini – Italy – Fascist Steps to Expansion • Mussolini invaded Ethiopia in 1935 • Why: Make money (economic reason) • He then went on to invaded Albania in 1939 • League of nations does nothing • They choose to follow appeasement • Why???????? • Afraid of another war!!!

  6. What did Mussolini do to expand his empire??? • How did the world’s peace keeping organization handle Mussolini’s actions?

  7. Germany/Hitler: Expansion • Hitler wanted to bring Germany back to its former glory/return pride (before WW1)

  8. Hitler –Germany-Nazi Socialism Steps to Expansion 1st – created an air force 2ndcreated a military draft (make people join) which expanded their army 5X • (League of nations : warned Germany not to continue aggressive steps) • 3rd – In 1935 Germanys army entered the demilitarized area (Rhineland) between Germany and France • (France could have attacked them for this, but they didn’t because Great Britain was “ok” with Germany being there) • Great Britain/England was practicing appeasement with Germany – • WHY????????? • Great Britain/England did not want another war

  9. Hitler expansion cont. • By 1937 Germany was once again a “world power” • Hitler felt no threat from France or Great Britain • On March1938 he invaded Austria • On September 15, 1938 Hitler demanded Czechoslovakia give him “Sudetenland” in north Czechoslovakia • A meeting was arranged • Munich conferenceto deal with Hitler • Who was there: Great Britain, France, Germany and Italy • Germany was allowed to take over Sudetenland if Germany promised to stop taking over nations • The European nations were practicing appeasement with Germany,

  10. Hitler takes action • After the Munich conference, Hitler was convinced (England, France and USA) were weak and wouldn’t/couldn’t stop him • 1939 Hitler invaded and gained control of all of Czechoslovakia • He also demanded Poland surrender to him •

  11. Japan Expands • Red area Controlled by Japan • Green area Manchuria Was taken over By Japan Nanking

  12. Japan Expands it’s Empire • Japan had had an emperor for hundreds of years • Following the great depression military leaders took control of the government BUT they kept the emperor (he had no power) • September 1931 Japan takes over over Manchuria , in China, for natural resources and space • Japan claimed China attacked them, but Japan lied • Japan continues imperialism and takes over more than 20 islands • United States sees what Japan doing and doesn’t approve • USA only nation to act • stop selling Japan important resources like steel and oil/gas

  13. Rape of Nanjing • In December of 1937, the Japanese Imperial Army marched into China's capital city of Nanjing and proceeded to murder 300,000 out of 600,000 civilians and soldiers in the city. • The six weeks of carnage/murder became known as the Rape of Nanjing • The Japanese soldiers committed unthinkable acts of cruelty in Nanjing. • Everything you can imagine done, was done • Killing, torture, rape, abuse, anything • •

  14. USA Isolationism • People in the United States did not want to be part of another war • The USA was dealing with great depression • The USA stayed out of the issues and followed a foreign policy (plan of action) of isolationism (remain alone) after WW1 • The USA wanted to avoid any tie/connection to nations • USA felt it wasn’t their problem

  15. World War 2 starts Europe Japan (Asia) Japan felt it needed to take the USA out of the picture Japan felt the USA was weak December 7, 1941 Japanese aircraft attack the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii On the same day Japan attacks the Philippines and Malaya and other islands in the Pacific Ocean December 8th the USA declares war on Japan and it’s ally Germany • Hitler did not keep his promise to stop invading nations • On September 1, 1939 Hitler invaded Poland • He did not fear Russia • On September 3, 1939 Great Britain and France declared war on Germany • Germany bombs England • By June 1940 Germany controlled ¾ of France • June 22 1941 Germany betrays the Soviet Union/Russia and invades them

  16. Tree map Summary: What did each nation do to expand their empire? Why did other European nations appease them? Why did the USA stay practice isolationism?