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Research on Preschool and School Finance Litigation

Research on Preschool and School Finance Litigation

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Research on Preschool and School Finance Litigation

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  1. Research on Preschool and School Finance Litigation Presentation at Grantmakers for Education Annual Conference October 18, 2004 W. Steven Barnett, Ph.D. National Institute for Early Education Research www.nieer.org (732) 932-4350, sbarnett@nieer.org

  2. Key Benefits of Early Education Increases Academic, Social, and Economic Success • Increases test scores • Improves classroom and other behavior • Decreases dropout • Increases employment, earnings, and tax revenue Decreases Costs of Government • Lower schooling costs • Lower social services costs • Lower crime costs • Lower health care costs

  3. Chronological, Academic and Communication Age on the DP-II at Kindergarten NJ

  4. Academic Skills at Kindergarten Entry: DP-II Academic Scale NJ

  5. Language Abilities at Kindergarten Entry: DP-II Communication Scale NJ

  6. Needs of Abbott Preschoolers: Family Background Need IndicatorAbbott districtsNationalWealthier Mother’s Education < 9 yrs 8% 3% 0% 9-11 yrs 17% 11% 0% 12 yrs 37% 35% 17% > 12 yrs 38% 49% 83% Income < $25,0000 44% 46% NA Primary language not English 28% 9% 4% Mother works 61% 50% 70% Mother’s average work hours 36 33 35 NJ

  7. Needs of Abbott Preschoolers: Early Experiences Need IndicatorAbbott districtsNationalWealthier Academic Index 2.3 2.8 3.6 Doesn’t know 4 basic colors 39% 24% 7% Doesn’t know most letters 64% 59% 38% Can’t count to 20 57% 51% 34% Has < 10 books 34% 15% 2% Never read to at home 12% 5% 0% Read to everyday at home 47% 53% 67% NJ

  8. Needs of Abbott Preschoolers: Health and Nutrition Need IndicatorAbbott districtsNationalWealthier Health less than good 6% 2% 0% Never visited a dentist 45% 42% 30% Missed breakfast during the week 15% 8% 6% No hot meal everyday 16% 11% 9% NJ

  9. Parent Views of Children’s Needs for Preschool Programs Need Indicator A full day is better 80% If half-day, can attend morning only 24% Summer program would help a lot 74% No safe place to play outdoors 44% NJ

  10. Quality of Abbott Classroomsin 1999-00 (ECERS Scores) NJ

  11. Teaching Quality in Abbott Classrooms (PCI, by Item) NJ

  12. Age and Age Equivalent PPVT Scoresin Kindergarten by School District MA

  13. PPVT Score by DistrictSpring of Kindergarten Year MA

  14. Child Poverty Rate by Town (US Census 2000) MA

  15. At-Risk by District (<85 on PPVT)Spring of Kindergarten Year MA

  16. Children 3&4 “in school” by Town (US Census 2000) MA

  17. Elements of Strategic Research • Effectiveness of Preschool • Lack of School Readiness • Poverty and Children’s Needs • Parents’ Views • Access to Preschool Education • Access to Quality Preschool Education