University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) An introduction prepared for Middle East Water and Livelihoods Initiative
Summary of UIUC Strengths • Research • UIUC is one of the world leaders in hydrology, plant biology, landscape and watershed management, and environmental economics, as well as being one of the top research universities in the U.S. • Land grant university with one of the largest and most comprehensive agricultural colleges in the U.S., playing a central leadership role in disciplines related to agriculture, food, environment, consumers, and human and community interests • UIUC has active interdisciplinary centers, housing projects on land and water management • UIUC has a history of long-term international collaboration, particularly with CGIAR centers. A number of faculty members have worked or collaborated with these centers. These collaborations continue today, with a number of ongoing land and water management projects active in the Middle East.
Summary of UIUC Strengths • Education • UIUC has the largest international student populations of all U.S. universities, with ongoing educational enhancement projects in Middle East • UIUC has an active international exchange program (involved in USAID Middle East students exchange program) • Online campus initiative and remote-teaching technologies
Summary of UIUC Strengths • Administrative Facilities • International Programs and Studies (IPS) hosts the Center for Global Studies, Institutional and Faculty International Collaboration, Scholarships for International Study, International Student and Scholar Services and Program for Middle Eastern Studies • International support from interdisciplinary land and water management centers at the campus • Numerous contacts in the Middle East
UIUC work in the region • Capacity building projects • Egypt: 5 agricultural universities & the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation • Jordan: Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jordan • West Bank & Gaza: Ministry of Agriculture and Palestine Water Authority, local universities in WB and Gaza • Pakistan, NWFP, Agricultural University • Turkey: Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources • Afghanistan, Ministry of Agriculture and university two faculty • Visitors/students who work on water management and related issues from Egypt, Iran, Syria, Palestine, Turkey • Conferences and workshops in Egypt, India on linking farmers to markets • Campus groups, such as Engineers without Border, involved in this region
UIUC Team • John Braden, Environmental and water resources economics and policy • Nick Brozovic, Environmental and water resources economics and policy • Ximing Cai, River basin (watershed) management, irrigation, climate change • Mike Hirsch, water quality management, erosion and sediment, watershed restoration • Benito Marinas, Wastewater treatment, drinking water supply • Greg McIsaac, Soil & water quality, nutrient management & soil fertility, conservation biology & ecosystem health • David Kovacic, Watershed management, ecosystem restoration, landscape planning • Harry Onal, Agricultural economics and water resource economics • Praveen Kumar, Hydroclimatology, geomorphology and hydrologic information systems • Mosbah Kushad, Plant Biology, plant products, food crop systems • Burt Swanson, Rural development, capacity building and agricultural extension • Murugesu Sivapalan, Hydrologic predictions in ungauged basins • Albert Valocchi, Groundwater, sub-surface flow, aquifer remediation • James Wescoat, Environmental planning and design, international water development • Daniel Warnock, ornamental horticulture, plant biology, pest management
Academic Departments and Divisions Agricultural and Biological Engineering Agricultural and Consumer Economics Animal Sciences Crop Sciences Food Science and Human Nutrition Human and Community Development Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences Division of Nutritional Sciences
The Center of Advanced Materials for the Purification of Water with Systems (WaterCAMPWS) • Research • Desalination and Reuse • Thermal Desalination and Concentrate Management • Pressure-Driven and Active Membranes • Membrane Bioreator Technology • Decontamination • Disinfection
NASA Seasonal to Interannual Prediction Project (NSIPP, Global) NSIPP improvements Climate forcing data CWRF Regional Downscaling Climate Prediction Climate forecast Common Land Model (CLM) and Volume Averaged Subsurface Transport (VAST) Assimilation of Real-Time RS Data for Hydrologic Prediction (U.S. with nested Midwest) Credibility & credibility of NSIPP/RCM/ CLM-VAST predictive capability Soil moisture and streamflow forecast Other inputs including RS data DM-DSS Other inputs including RS data Improvement & credibility of DM-DSS Drought indices and evaluation Decision Analysis Models with Testing Watersheds (End Users) Agricultural: Nebraska watershed Urban: Northeastern Illinois watershed
County Level State level
Other Water and Land Management Centers and Programs • Center for Water As a Complex Environmental System An inter-disciplinary program that facilitates original, interdisciplinary research on the complexity of water and water-related processes in environmental systems. The Center also examines the interconnections between these processes and human society and provides a structure for the scholarship involving water at the University through research, teaching and outreach.
UIUC Water and Land Management Centers and Programs • Institute for Sustainability of Intensively Managed Landscapes: A newly established institute created to address the sustainability of both our environmental landscape and our societal and economic landscape infrastructure for use in decision making, policy analysis and education. • NCSA - Advanced Information Systems Themefor Environmental Sustainability: An interdisciplinary center that develops intensive sensing and informatics test beds for watersheds and end-to-end infrastructure needed for predicting land and water management consequences. The center is sponsored by National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at UIUC, a national unique feature in informatics.