Higher Education – Accessing the Future Jan I. Fox VP for Information Technology/CIO Marshall University
Distance Education inWest Virginia • Overview • Our Audience • Responding to Our Audience • Modes of Delivery
MU Learning Communities • We are socially inclusive and actively pursue opportunities to ensure that all our members are part of our learning communities • We view information technologies. including Internet accessible interactive multimedia technologies, as tools for enriching learning by tailoring instruction to societal, organizational, and individual needs. • We value regional and global interconnections and cultural links for expanding access and opportunity to educational resources regardless of format and/or location. • We provide flexible learning programs available to address all students' needs.
MU Learning Communities • We will continue to actively implement a technical, social and intellectual infrastructure that ensures equity of access to learning, information, and information technologies while recognizing that investments in learning contribute to overall competitiveness and the economic and social well-being of the nation. • We will continue to support the educational demands of knowledge workers. This includes restructuring library resources, administrative systems, networks, policy, etc. to meet the needs of our current and future populations
Distance & Distributed Learning Defined • Distance Education is a process that connects learners with a system of distributed learning resources designed to meet the educational needs of a learner. • This instructional delivery system is characterized by the separation of time and/or space between instructor and learner, among learners, and/or between learners and learning resources. • One or more media provides for interactions between these participants. • Distance Learning can most easily be understood when the teaching and learning process is viewed from a time and place perspective.
Grade Levels Covering the Content Norm-referenced Non-authentic Group-based content Adversarial Classrooms Teacher Rote Memorization Books Continuous Progress Outcomes-based Learning Individualized Testing Performance-based Assessment Personal Learning Plans Cooperative Learning Learning Centers & Virtual Communities Coach/Facilitator Creative & Critical Thinking Multimedia Technologies ConceptsIndustrial Age vs. Information Age
Our Audiences • K-12 • Undergraduate/Community College • Graduate Students • Seniors • Health Care • Workforce Development • Partnering
Role of Technology • Allows the separation of instructor and learner • Can be a cognitive tool • Tool that enhances powers of thinking, problem-solving, learning • Written language, mathematical notation, scientific method are others • Frames what is possible
Interactive Technologies • Email, Chat • Threaded Discussion • Online Courses • Interactive Video: Satellite, ATM, Internet-II , Streaming, Cached • Tools, Simulations
K12 Resources 3D Insects
Seven Driving Principles of the New Age in Education • Technology…is here to stay. From student motivation to professional development, for the first time in history, technology is affecting every aspect of education. • Content…is key. Top-quality, interactive, Web-based learning programs are essential to ensuring that all students -- children and adults -- can receive the best educational content anytime, anywhere. • Distance…has disappeared. Now educators and students can connect instantly with peers and experts all over the globe. • Time…is crumbling. In a world of instantaneous connection, there is a high value on the ability to teach and learn in real time.
Seven Driving Principles of the New Age in Education • Community…is power. The strength of a worldwide education community is the prime factor driving the New Age in Education. • Standards…are rising. The rapidly growing K-12 standards movement is leading to a pronounced impact on equity in education. • Expectations…are increasing.Students and parents expect Web-based content, online digital libraries, and mainly, a league of educators prepared to use the best of these technologies to teach our children.
Undergraduate/Community College • Nursing • Business • Compressed Video Courses • Online Business Degree • Community College • Web and CBT Statewide IT Curriculum • Web Based General Education • Internet Specialization • SatNet • HEITV
Graduate Studies • Special Education • Teacher Training • Business • Education Leadership Online Degree • Counseling • Technology Management
Health Care • Rural Health Sites - WVRHEP • Learning Resource Centers (19 in rural clinics/hospitals) • CME, Diagnostic Support, Drug Information, Clinical cases • Patients • Community Wellness • Forensics Training • Compressed Video • RuralNet • Interactive Patient • Telemedicine • Regional Jails and Prisons
New Economy Innovation Infrastructure Technology Digitization Workforce Collaboration Digital Economy
The Knowledge Explosion Growth of Scientific Knowledge to the Year 2000 ...% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 8000 1800 1900 1950 2000 2020 B.C. A.D. est. Fortune Chart/Source: Bruce Merrifield, Wharton School
Workforce Skill-Needs vs. Academic Preparation I n d u s t r y S k i l l - N e e d s I n d u s t r y S k i l l - N e e d s T e c h n o l o g i c a l S k i l l s G a p G r a d u a t e ' s S k i l l s G r a d u a t e ' s S k i l l s 1970 2000
Workforce Development and Training D + C + E = Job Degree + Certification + Experience = Job
Workforce Development • Computer Based Training via the Internet • Higher Education Statewide Contract • Skill-based Learning • Statewide Community College Information Technology Curriculum • Cisco Academies • Robert C. Byrd Flexible Manufacturing
Partnering • K-12 • Dual Credit • Web Based IT Curriculum • College Credit • Video Linkages (Spring Valley High School) • Cisco Networking Academies • Microsoft Seniors Program • Southern Regional Electronic Campus of SREB • Advantage Valley for Economic Development
Responding to Our Audience • Location of Audience • Colleges and Universities • Home • Library (school and public) • Work • Centers • Schools • Multiple Sites • Skill Base of Audience • Graduate • Workforce • Resources • Library • Online Book Store • Web and Telephone Registration
Changing the Student “Service Model” • Web Access to Resources • Registration • Financial Aid • Bookstore • Student Records (Banner SIS Web) • Advising (Banner Faculty Web) • Library • Virtua Web Multimedia OPAC • Electronic Subscriptions • Electronic Document Delivery
LATA Defined • LATA (Local Access and Transport Area) is a term in the U.S. for a geographic area covered by one or more local telephone companies, which are legally referred to as Local Exchange Carriers (LEC) • A connection between two local exchanges within the LATA is referred to as intraLATA. • A connection between a carrier in one LATA to a carrier in another LATA is referred to as interLATA. • InterLATA is long-distance service. The current rules for permitting a company to provide intraLATA or interLATA service (or both) are based on the Telecommunications Act of 1996.
What Are the Issue? • Technical • Financial
Exchange Carriers • Local eXchange Carriers (examples) • Bell Atlantic West Virginia • Citizens Telecom • Citizens Mountain State • Armstrong • Hardy Telephone Company • War Telephone Company • Inter eXchange Carrier (examples) • AT&T • MCI • Sprint
Possible Solutions Central FundingBuild Fiber Link Across LATAWireless Solution – Microwave Change in IXC Rules
Modes of Delivery • Web/Internet/E-mail • Compressed Video • Satellite • Public Television • Combination of Modes
MU Online Courses • E-Course • 60 Currently Developed • 50 in Development • Programs in General Education, Internet Specialization, Business, Educational Leadership • 31 in SREC Spring 2000 (25 in Fall 1999) • WebCT Courses • 400+ Currently Developed • 2000+ Students
Online Courses • E-Courses & T-Courses, WebCT & Web-based IT Curriculum CBT • Over 5,600 students enrolled in courses the utilize WebCT • E-courses - totally Asynchronous (Anytime, Anywhere, Anyplace) • T-Course - Content totally Online, but 20% of time synchrounus interactions (chatroom at 8:00 pm on Mondays, classroom meeting, video link meeting) • SRECParticipation in SREC (31 courses for Spring 2000) • Flashlight Technology Assessment (Student Inventory, Faculty Gap Analysis, Cost Model)
Benefits to Students • The Electronic Campus increases students’ options dramatically. Courses not previously available where a student lives or at a time that was convenient may in fact now be available. Students in the most remote areas will have access to courses and programs that have not been readily available. • Students will have the confidence of knowing that the courses offered via the Electronic Campus are pledged to follow the Principles of Good Practice. • Students will be able to compare courses, methods of instruction, how courses are delivered and costs. • The Electronic Campus will provide a central point of information and an "orderly electronic marketplace amidst the chaos of a booming Internet."
Benefits to States • The Electronic Campus will provide the opportunity for more education for more citizens. The Electronic campus will increase access for students to needed information on educational courses and programs. • The Electronic Campus could allow states, through cooperative development, to jointly share in creating needed courses and programs - the "electronic wheel" will not have to be reinvented each time. • Areas previously isolated from the best of educational opportunities will no longer be cut off because of geography. • Quality educational programs available in any SREB state can be just as accessible to the students in all SREB states. • The Electronic Campus will provide increased economic development opportunities for all SREB states. Southern Regional Education Board states involved are: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia.