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Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR)

Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR)

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Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR)

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  1. Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR) Ozgun C. Demirag

  2. Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR): Information about (SCC) • Developed by Supply Chain Council (SCC) • SCC: Independent, not-for-profit corporation organized in 1996 by: • Global management-consultingfirm, Pittiglio Rabin Todd & McGrath (PRTM) and • Market research firm, Advanced Manufacturing Research (AMR) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. • Started with 69 voluntary companies; now close to 1000 members. • SCC Objective: To develop a standard supply-chain process reference model enabling effective communication among the supply chain partners, by • Using standard terminology to better communicate and learn the supply chain issues • Using standard metrics to compare and measure their performances

  3. Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR) • SCOR: • Integrates Business Process Reengineering, Benchmarking, and Process Measurement into a cross-functional framework. Capture the “as-is” state of a process and derive the desired “to-be” future state Quantify the operational performance of similar companies and establish internal targets based on “best-in-class” results Characterize the management practices and software solutions that result in “best-in-class” performance Capture the “as-is” state of a process and derive the desired “to-be” future state Quantify the operational performance of similar companies and establish internal targets based on “best-in-class” results Characterize the management practices and software solutions that result in “best-in-class” performance Business Process Reengineering Benchmarking Best Practices Analysis Process Reference Model

  4. Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR) • The Primary Use of SCOR: • To describe, measure and evaluate supply chain configurations. • SCOR contains: • Standard descriptions of management processes • A framework of relationships among the standard processes • Standard metrics to measure process performance • Management practices that produce best-in-class performance • Enables the companies to: • Evaluate and compare their performances with other companies effectively • Identify and pursue specific competitive advantages • Identify software tools best suited to their specific process requirements

  5. Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR): Boundaries • SCOR spans: • All customer interactions, from order entry through paid invoice. • All product (physical material and service) transactions, from supplier’s supplier to customer’s customer, including equipment, supplies, spare parts, bulk product, software, etc. • All market interactions, from the understanding of aggregate demand to the fulfillment of each order • SCOR does not attempt to describe every business process or activity, including: • Sales and marketing (demand generation) • Research and technology development • Product development • Some elements of post-delivery customer support

  6. Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR):Basic Management Processes Plan-Source-Make-Deliver-Return Plan Source Make Deliver Source Make Deliver Source Deliver Make Deliver Source Return Return Return Return Return Return Supplier’sSupplier Customer’s Customer Customer (Internal or External) Supplier (Internal or External) Your Company Plan-Source-Make-Deliver-Return provide the organizational structure of the SCOR-model

  7. Scopes of Basic Management Processes • Plan (Processes that balance aggregate demand and supply to develop a course of action which best meets sourcing, production and delivery requirements) • Balance resources with requirements • Establish/communicate plans for the whole supply chain • Source (Processes that procure goods and services to meet planned or actual demand) • Schedule deliveries (receive, verify, transfer) • Make (Processes that transform product to a finished state to meet planned or actual demand) • Schedule production • Deliver (Processes that provide finished goods and services to meet planned or actual demand, typically including order management, transportation management, and distribution management) • Warehouse management from receiving and picking product to load and ship product. • Return (Processes associated with returning or receiving returned products) • Manage Return business rules

  8. Level Comments # Description Schematic Level 1 defines the scope and content for the Supply chain Operations Reference-model. Here basis of competition performance targets are set. Top Level (Process Types) 1 Plan Source Make Deliver Return Return Configuration Level (Process Categories) A company’s supply chain can be “configured-to-order” at Level 2 from the core “process categories.” Companies implement their operations strategy through the configuration they choose for their supply chain. 2 Process Element Level (Decompose Processes) • Level 3 defines a company’s ability to compete successfully in its chosen markets, and consists of: • Process element definitions • Process element information inputs, and outputs • Process performance metrics • Best practices, where applicable • System capabilities required to support best practices • Systems/tools 3 P1.1 Identify, Prioritize, and Aggregate Supply-Chain Requirements P1.3 Balance Production Resources with Supply-Chain Requirements P1.4 Establish and Communicate Supply-Chain Plans P1.2 Identify, Assess, and Aggregate Supply-Chain Requirements Implementation Level (Decompose Process Elements) 4 Not in Scope Three Levels of Process Detail Supply Chain Operations Reference Model Companies implement specific supply-chain management practices at this level. Level 4 defines practices to achieve competitive advantage and to adapt to changing business conditions.

  9. Level 1 Performance Metrics Customer-Facing Internal-Facing Responsiveness Flexibility Supply Chain Reliability Cost Assets Performance Attributes Delivery performance  Fill rate  Perfect order fulfillment  Order fulfillment lead time  Supply Chain Response Time  Production flexibility  Total SCM cost  Cost of Goods Sold  Value-added productivity  Warranty cost or returns processing cost  Cash-to-cash cycle time  Inventory days of supply  Asset turns 

  10. Level Metrics Facts • Level 1 Metrics are primary, high level measures that may cross multiple SCOR processes. • They do not necessarily relate to a SCOR Level 1 process (Plan-Source-Make-Deliver-Return). • There is hierarchy among the metrics in different levels. • Level 1 Metrics are created from lower level calculations (Level 2 metrics) • Level 2 Metrics: • Associated with a narrower subset of processes. • Example: • Metric related with Delivery Performance: Total number of products delivered on time and in full based on a commit date. • Metric related with Production: Ratio Of Actual To Theoretical Cycle Time

  11. Level 2 Process Types and Definitions • Planning: A process that aligns expected resources to meet expected demand requirements. • Balance aggregated demand and supply • Consider consistent planning horizon • (Generally) occur at regular, periodic intervals • Execution: A process triggered by planned or actual demand that changes the state of material goods. • Scheduling/sequencing • Transforming product • Moving product to the next process • Enable: A process that prepares, maintains, or manages information or relationships on which planning and execution processes rely

  12. P1: Plan Supply Chain P2-P5: Plan SCOR Process S1: Source Stocked Product S3: Source Engineer-to-Order Product S2: Source Make-to-Order Product M1: Make-to-Stock M2: Make-to-Order M3: Engineer-to-Order D1: Deliver Stocked Product D2: Deliver Make-to-Order Product D3: Deliver Engineer-to-Order Product D4: Deliver Retail Product (New in Version 6.0) SR1/DR1: Return Defective Product (Source Return/Deliver Return) SR2: Source Return MRO Product (Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul) DR2: Deliver Return MRO Product SR3/DR3: Return Excess Product (Source Return/Deliver Return) EP, ES, EM, ED, ER: Enable corresponding SCOR Processes Level 2 Process Categories

  13. Example Continued

  14. Example Continued

  15. Example Continued

  16. Some Graphical Tools: 1st Step in configuring a SC: Illustrate physical layout, material flow and place Level 2 execution process categories to describe activities at each location.

  17. SCOR Process Maps 2nd Step: Create the SCORProcess Maps: Place planning process categories, using dashed lines to show links with execution processes

  18. Software Package for Modeling SCOR: ARIS EasySCOR • The ARIS Toolset and ARIS Easy Design are process modeling tools. The ARIS Toolset is a BPR tool, Easy Design is used for process capture. • The EasySCOR Modeler is a software package that includes the ARIS Easy Design modeling kit and the SCOR model in ARIS format. • ARIS EasySCOR consists of process models that describe the SCOR levels 1 to 3. Implementation level, level 4 is not included.

  19. Process Map Example created in ARIS EasySCOR Suppliers Supplier Suppliers Assemble/ Package Distribution Centers Geo Ports of Entry Americas---> Europe---> Asia--->

  20. Observations • SCOR describes processes not functions. In other words, the Model focuses on the activity involved, not the person or organizational element that performs the activity. • Implementation level, Level 4, is not described in SCOR.

  21. References • SCOR 6.0 Overview Booklethttp://www.isye.gatech.edu/~lfm/8851/Sources/SCOR/SCOR%206.0%20OverviewBooklet.pdf • Supply-Chain Operations Reference-model (SCOR) 6.0 Introduction (in setup files) • About ARIS:http://www.changeware.net/esitteet/scor-faq.pdf • About ARIS:http://www.changeware.net/esitteet/scor-faq.pdf