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JEREMIAH & LAMENTATIONS PowerPoint Presentation
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JEREMIAH & LAMENTATIONS

JEREMIAH & LAMENTATIONS

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JEREMIAH & LAMENTATIONS

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  1. JEREMIAH & LAMENTATIONS

  2. JEREMIAH

  3. AUTHOR • Jeremiah; name means “The Lord throws” • 626 BC-586 BC • Death: Uncertain; may have been stoned • Commanded not to marry or have kids (16:1-4) • Prophet of Doom; Only had a few friends. • Secretary: Baruch (36:4-32) • Self-critical; timid by nature (1:6; 10:24) • Confesses; often makes startling statements (12:1; 15:18)

  4. BACKGROUND • Time of storm and stress for nations • Nabopolassar of Babylon took up rule in 626 (year of Jeremiah’s call) • King Josiah (Jeremiah’s friend) dies in battle in 609 BC. • New king Jehoiakim hates Jeremiah: sent to prison and persecution • Later, the king Zedekiah also mistreated Jeremiah at times; though at end of Z. life, made treaty with Jeremiah (38:14-27) • Jeremiah under house arrest until 586 (38:28) • Over 70, joins those who fled to Egypt (43:4-7) • Thus called the “weeping prophet”

  5. THEOLOGICAL THEMES AND MESSAGE • Shows contempt for false prophets • Prophesied against own people, though loved them and prayed for them • Judgment—pervasive theme; though offered “repentance” as answer • Called Judah to submit to Babylon; seen as a traitor (but actually a patriot) • God as ultimate • God is concerned about individuals • God’s judgment would not be the final word. Mercy and covenant faithfulness would win. God wold make new covenant with his people (31:31-34)

  6. LITERARY FEATURES • Longest book in the Bible (by words) • Prose: lofty and lyrical • Repetition: “sword, famine, and plague” • Use of symbolism

  7. LAMENTATIONS

  8. AUTHOR & DATE • Anonymous • Written while in Exile • If by Jeremiah, at the very end of his life (586-516)

  9. LITERARY FEATURES • Poetic • 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 5th laments all have 22 verses (reflecting Hebrew Alphabet) • 3rd lament—33 line units, each beginning with the successive Hebrew letter

  10. ITEMS OF INTEREST • Only Bible book that consists solely of Laments • Orthodox Jews read it aloud every 9th day of Ab (destruction of Temple) • Many read it each week at the Western Wall in Jerusalem • Roman Catholics read it on the last 3 days of Holy Week

  11. THEMES AND THEOLOGY • Recites horrors of devastation: • Wholesale devastations and slaughter against kings and commoners alike • Starving mothers reduced to cannibalism • Ceremony and Worship came to an end • Wrestles with nature and ways of God: • Humans only instruments; God destroyed the city • Due to sin and covenant-breaking • Must acknowledge sin (in midst of weeping) • Ends with appeal for restoration • Middle of book: focuses on Goodness of God (3:21f)