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Flotilla 86 Boat Crew Standard Training Class Session 1 PowerPoint Presentation
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Flotilla 86 Boat Crew Standard Training Class Session 1

Flotilla 86 Boat Crew Standard Training Class Session 1

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Flotilla 86 Boat Crew Standard Training Class Session 1

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  1. Flotilla 86 Boat Crew Standard Training Class Session 1

  2. Task BCM-01-01-AUX General • The crew’s physiological well-being plays an important role in the safe and successful accomplishment of each Coast Guard mission • You will be assisting people during the worst conditions • At times, you may feel like you have reached the limit of your physical and mental endurance.

  3. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Crew Fatigue • Mental and physical fatigue are among the greatest dangers during rough weather operations. • Fatigue dramatically reduces the powers of observation, concentration and judgment

  4. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Situations That Cause Fatigue • Hot or cold weather conditions • Eye strain • The effort of holding on • Stress

  5. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Situations That Cause Fatigue • Exposure to noise • Exposure to the sun • Poor physical conditioning • Lack of sleep • Boredom

  6. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Crew Fatigue-Coxn/Crew Responsibility • The coxswain’s primary responsibility is the safety of the crew • They must look for signs of fatigue • Crew members much watch each other for signs of fatigue

  7. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Crew Fatigue-Symptoms • Inability to focus or concentrate • Narrowed attention span • Mental confusion • Judgment error

  8. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Crew Fatigue-Symptoms • Decreased coordination of motor skills and sensory ability (hearing, seeing) • Increased irritability • Decreased performance • Decreased concern for safety

  9. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Crew Fatigue-Consequences • Mistakes in judgment • Shortcuts that threaten the safety of the mission and crew

  10. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Crew Fatigue-Prevention • Adequate crew rest • Dress appropriately for the weather • Rotate crew duties • Provide food and refreshments suitable for conditions • Watch others for signs of fatigue

  11. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Crew Fatigue-Environmental • Hot and cold • All crew members must dress or be prepared for unexpected weather • Motion sickness • Glare from the sun

  12. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Crew Fatigue-Environmental • Wind and rough sea conditions • Rain or snow • Vibration – boat engine

  13. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Motion Sickness • Cause • An imbalance between visual images and the portion of the middle ear which sense motion.

  14. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Motion Sickness • Symptoms • Nausea and vomiting • Increased salivation • Unusual paleness • Sweating

  15. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Motion Sickness • Symptoms • Drowsiness • Overall weakness • Stomach discomfort

  16. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Motion Sickness • Prevention • Stay out of confined spaces • Stay above deck in the fresh air • Avoid concentrating on the movement of the boat by looking out over the water toward the horizon or shoreline • Avoid smoking

  17. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Motion Sickness • Anti-Motion Medication • Scopolamine Patches • Prescription only • Over the counter remedies • Some cause drowsiness • Get Doctor’s advice

  18. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Motion Sickness • Anti-Motion Medication • Crew members susceptible to motion discomfort should take anti-motion medication throughout their watch since they never know when they will be dispatched on a mission

  19. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Motion Sickness • Anti-Motion Medication • Medication taken just before getting underway may not have its maximum effect during the mission

  20. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Motion Sickness • Anti-Motion Medication cannot be taken: • Without medical supervision • Within 12 hours of alcohol consumption • To pregnant crew members

  21. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Lethal Fumes • Carbon Monoxide • Colorless and odorless gas • Most common gas danger • Lethal

  22. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Lethal Fumes • Conditions Associated with Carbon Monoxide gas • Fuel burning devices • Enclosed Areas • Being underway • Fires

  23. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Lethal Fumes • Fuel Burning Devices • Any fuel burning device can cause carbon monoxide gas • Gasoline and diesel engines • Pumps, propane/alcohol stoves, torches, kerosene heaters

  24. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Lethal Fumes • Enclosed Spaces • Closed cockpits or unventilated spaces below decks can accumulate CO2 gas • Engine rooms • Defective exhaust systems can allow fumes into confined spaces

  25. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Lethal Fumes • Underway • Winds can cause fumes to blow back into cockpit or cabin

  26. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Lethal Fumes • Fires • Cause lethal fumes • Cyanide gas from burning plastics, insulation, electronics

  27. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Lethal Fumes • Symptoms • Throbbing temples • Dizziness • Ears ringing • Watering and itching eyes • Headache • Cherry Pink skin color

  28. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Lethal Fumes • Prevention • Ensure adequate circulation of fresh air throughout the vessel • Change course, speed, open porthole, etc. • Treatment • Get medical help asap

  29. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Crew Fatigue – Other Factors • Noise • Drugs and Alcohol • Prescription • Alcohol • Hangovers • Caffeine

  30. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Hypothermia • Is a loss of internal body temperature • The body is losing heat faster than it can make it • It can be caused by exposure to cold air or cold water

  31. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Hypothermia • Signs • Pale appearance • Skin cold to the touch • Pupils dilated and will not adjust • Poor coordination

  32. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Hypothermia • Signs • Slurred speech/appears intoxicated • Incoherent thinking • Unconsciousness • Muscle rigidity

  33. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Hypothermia • Signs • Weak pulse • Very slow and labored breathing • Irregular heart beat • Shivering – except in advanced cases

  34. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Hypothermia • Prevention • Protective clothing to be worn when water temperature is below 60 degrees F • Anti-Exposure coveralls • Proper clothing worn on deck • HELP or HUDDLE positions if in water

  35. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Hypothermia • Treatment • Covered in First Aid section

  36. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Frostbite • Prevention • Thermal boots, woolen socks, woolen watch caps, gloves, thermal underwear

  37. Task BCM-01-01-AUX Layering Clothing • First Layer – Wicking • Second Layer – Insulation • Third Layer – Moisture Barrier

  38. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Sun and Heat Related Factors • Sunburns • Continuous exposure to the sun can cause sunburn and other complications such as heat stroke, dehydration, etc. • Unprotected exposure to the sun can cause premature aging and an increased chance of skin cancer

  39. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Sunburns-Symptoms • Redness, swelling, or blistering of the skin • Fever • Gastrointestinal symptoms • Malaise • Pigment changes in the skin

  40. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Sunburn-Prevention • Stay in the shade where possible • Indirect rays can still effect you • Use sun screen when possible • Even on hazy days • SPF 15 or higher

  41. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Sunburn-Prevention • Wear protective clothing and a hat with a brim • Wear sunglasses with UVA and UVB protection • Even when it is hazy

  42. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Sunburn-Treatment • Apply cool, wet towels to the area effected • Keep the area wet • Be careful what type of products you apply

  43. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Dehydration • A loss of fluids and electrolytes through kidneys, perspiration and respiration • 2-3 liters of fluid a day is required to replace these losses • Stay away from tea, alcohol, coffee and soft drinks • They speed up the loss

  44. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Dehydration • Symptoms • Thirst • General discomfort • Slow physical movement • Loss of appetite • Sleepiness and a rise in body temperature

  45. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Dehydration • Symptoms • Dry Mouth • Dizziness • Headache • Difficulty breathing

  46. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Dehydration • Prevention • Drink water • Treatment • Remove from heat/sun • Get medical help

  47. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Heat Rash • Definition • Breakdown of the body’s ability to perspire • Decreased evaporative cooling of the skin

  48. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Heat Rash • Symptoms • Pink or red minute lesions • Skin irritation – prickling • Frequent, severe itching

  49. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Heat Rash • Prevention • Rotate crew duties between heat related and cool • Treatment • Remove from heat immediately • Apply cool wet towels

  50. Task BCM-01-02-AUX Heat Cramps • Painful contractions caused by excessive salt and water depletion • Symptoms • Legs drawn up • Excessive sweating • Crying out in pain • Prevention – Rotate crew