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Politics of Sustainable Development

Politics of Sustainable Development

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Politics of Sustainable Development

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  1. Politics of Sustainable Development 5. The Dilemmas of Environmental Activism

  2. Phases of Environmental Activism • awakening primarily local protests against pollution • pre-1968 • 2. ”age of ecology”national organizational development • 1969-1974 • 3. politicizationsocial movements in relation to energy policy • 1975-1979 • 4. differentiation professionalization and party politics • 1980-1986 • 5. internationalizationglobal orientation – network and alliance-building • 1987-1993 • 6. IntegrationAgenda 21, sustainable development • 1994-2000

  3. Awakening • action group model of organization • local arenas, or sites • often ”direct action” form of protest • protests about air and water pollution

  4. The Age of Ecology • new activist organizations • national and transnational arenas • coordinated, planned manifestations • programmatic ambitions

  5. Politicization • broad-based alliances • media central sites of debate • organized information campaigns • focus on energy production and use

  6. Differentiation • political parties, professional activism • parliamentary and government arenas • lobbying, expertise, research • wide range of issue areas

  7. Internationalization • transnational networks • key sites: intergovernmental meetings • link to socio-economic development • emphasis on global issues

  8. Integration • appropriation by other actors • market as important arena, or site • discursive politics: public relations • social and cultural dimensions

  9. Environmental Activism as Cognitive Praxis

  10. Conditions of participation • Contexts of mediation, meeting places • Bridge-builders, translators • Enlightened civil servants • Political support from above • Cultural acceptance from below

  11. Regimes of Green Knowledge Residual Dominant Emerging Key sites local/national global hybrid networks Forms ofpopular commercial exemplary action resistance facilitation mobilization Type of knowledgefactual/lay managerial situated Tacit competencetraditional professional experiential

  12. Elements of Green Knowledge • Network-based • Ad hoc project organization • Change, or policy-oriented • Hybrid, or eclectic identities • Transdisciplinary dissemination • Importance of ”tacit” forms of competence • Socially, or ethically informed