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The Sacrificial System

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  1. The Sacrificial System and the New Testament

  2. Shaul (Paul) & the Nazirite Vow • To our knowledge, Shaul took the Nazirite vow at least twice: • Acts 18:18 • Acts 21:17-26

  3. Elements of Vow: Numbers 6 • No grape products: verses 1-4 • No cut hair: verse 5 • No going near dead person: verses 6-8 • Sacrifice offerings after vow completed - verses 13-21:

  4. Sacrifices of Nazirite – Numbers 6 13 `Now this is the law of the Nazirite when the days of his separation are fulfilled, he shall bring the offering to the doorway of the tent of meeting.

  5. Burnt Offering (Olah) – verse 14 “He shall present his offering to the LORD: one male lamb a year old without defect for a burnt offering Olah - Burnt offering – Leviticus 1

  6. Sin Offering (Chata-at) – verse 14 “and one ewe-lamb a year old without defect for a sin offering Chata-at - Sin offering – Leviticus 4

  7. Peace Offering (Shlamim) verse 14 “and one ram without defect for a peace offering, Shlamim - Peace offering – Leviticus 3

  8. Grain & Drink Offering – (Minchah) verse 15 “15 and a basket of unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil and unleavened wafers spread with oil, along with their grain offering and their drink offering. Minchah - Grain offering – Leviticus 2

  9. 16 “Then the priest shall present them before the LORD and shall offer his sin offering and his burnt offering. 17 `He shall also offer the ram for a sacrifice of peace offerings to the LORD, together with the basket of unleavened cakes; the priest shall likewise offer its grain offering and its drink offering. 18 `The Nazirite shall then shave his dedicated head of hair at the doorway of the tent of meeting, and take the dedicated hair of his head and put it on the fire which is under the sacrifice of peace offerings.19 `The priest shall take the ram's shoulder when it has been boiled, and one unleavened cake out of the basket and one unleavened wafer, and shall put them on the hands of the Nazirite after he has shaved his dedicated hair.20 `Then the priest shall wave them for a wave offering before the LORD. It is holy for the priest, together with the breast offered by waving and the thigh offered by lifting up; and afterward the Nazirite may drink wine.‘”

  10. Did Shaul DO This?

  11. He did so without objection! “23…do this that we tell you. We have four men who are under a vow; 24 take them and purify yourself along with them, and pay their expenses so that they may shave their heads; and all will know that there is nothing to the things which they have been told about you, but that you yourself also walk orderly, keeping the Law… 26 Then Paul took the men, and the next day, purifying himself along with them, went into the temple giving notice of the completion of the days of purification, until the sacrifice was offered for each one of them.” Acts 21

  12. Why? • Couldn’t he have argued with the other Disciples and said: “But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law.” Galatians 5:18 “…you are not under law but under grace.” Romans 6:14 “For as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for it is written, "CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO DOES NOT ABIDE BY ALL THINGS WRITTEN IN THE BOOK OF THE LAW, TO PERFORM THEM." Galatians 3:10

  13. Yes! Both Epistles had been written by that time! But he didn’t! He simply did what he was asked!

  14. Which now brings up a Dilemma: • Christian theology for the last 1800 years has taught that the Law, particularly the sacrificial system, has been done away by the death and resurrection of Yeshua!

  15. “Once for All” Passages • New Testament passages seemingly indicating that sacrificial system was ended by the death of Yeshua:

  16. The “Once for All” sacrifice of Yeshua “For the death that He died, He died to sin onceforall; but the life that He lives, He lives to God.” Romans 6:10

  17. Hebrews 7:27 “…who does not need daily, like those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the {sins} of the people, because this He did onceforall when He offered up Himself.”

  18. Hebrews 10:10 “By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ onceforall.”

  19. 1 Peter 3:18 “For Christ also died for sins onceforall, {the} just for {the} unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit;”

  20. So, if Yeshua IS the “Once for All” Sacrifice… Why is Shaul offering Sacrifices over 20 years AFTER the Death & Resurrection of Yeshua?

  21. Need an Explanation! • The very fact that he did so without objection demands an explanation!

  22. We Cannot Ignore What He is Doing! He is speaking volumes by his actions! • Last Shabbat we talked about possible motives behind Shaul’s doing this!

  23. Shaul’s Motive? • Deception? • People Pleasing? • Hypocrite? • Lying? • Legalist?

  24. None of these! • If he was, we could not trust a single epistle of this Apostle of God! • Only conclusion: Shaul did not believe that his offering sacrifices violated his faith or practice as a believer in Yeshua as the Messiah or the efficacy of Yeshuas’ sacrificial death on behalf of the nation!

  25. A Choice to Make • Either Christian theology over the last 1900 years is wrong about end of the Law and the sacrificial system, or the Apostle Paul (from whose writings most anti-Law theology is quarried) and the other Disciples are wrong. • Can’t have it both ways.

  26. Even Greater Dilemma!!! • Why, during the Millennial (thousand year) Reign of Messiah Yeshua on Earth, does Yeshua allow the Sacrificial System to Continue!

  27. Outreach Judaism: “Anti-Missionary” Group “If in fact…there was thus no longer any need for animal sacrifices, why then are the same animal sacrifices coming back? Christians have very little room to maneuver on this matter because the Bible is quite clear that the animal sacrificial system will be restored in the messianic age. In fact, in the last nine chapters of the Book of Ezekiel, the prophet describes in vivid detail the elaborate rituals and lofty ceremonies which will occur in the third and final messianic Temple. In chapters 43-44, Ezekiel clearly states that the animal sacrifices will be reinstated in their full glory.” http://www.outreachjudaism.org/Yomkippur.html

  28. Ezekiel 40-43 • Millennial Temple. Such a Temple with these dimensions has never yet been built!

  29. Lord will Come to this Temple – Ezekiel 43 • And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate facing toward the east. 5 And the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house. 6 Then I heard one speaking to me from the house, while a man was standing beside me. 7 He said to me, "Son of man, this is the place of My throne and the place of the soles of My feet, where I will dwell among the sons of Israel forever.”

  30. The Offerings – Ezekiel 43 18 And He said to me, "Son of man, thus says the Lord GOD, `These are the statutes for the altar on the day it is built, to offer burnt offerings on it and to sprinkle blood on it. 19 `You shall give to the Levitical priests who are from the offspring of Zadok, who draw near to Me to minister to Me,' declares the Lord GOD, `a young bull for a sin offering. 20 `You shall take some of its blood and put it on its four horns and on the four corners of the ledge and on the border round about; thus you shall cleanse it and make atonement for it. 21 `You shall also take the bull for the sin offering, and it shall be burned in the appointed place of the house, outside the sanctuary. 22 `On the second day you shall offer a male goat without blemish for a sin offering, and they shall cleanse the altar as they cleansed it with the bull. 23 `When you have finished cleansing it, you shall present a young bull without blemish and a ram without blemish from the flock.

  31. Ezekiel 43 24 `You shall present them before the LORD, and the priests shall throw salt on them, and they shall offer them up as a burnt offering to the LORD. 25 `For seven days you shall prepare daily a goat for a sin offering; also a young bull and a ram from the flock, without blemish, shall be prepared. 26 `For seven days they shall make atonement for the altar and purify it; so shall they consecrate it. 27 `When they have completed the days, it shall be that on the eighth day and onward, the priests shall offer your burnt offerings on the altar, and your peace offerings; and I will accept you,' declares the Lord GOD."

  32. Jeremiah 33 – AStill Future Time • 14 `Behold, days are coming,' declares the LORD, `when I will fulfill the good word which I have spoken concerning the house of Israel and the house of Judah. 15 `In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch of David to spring forth; and He shall execute justice and righteousness on the earth. 16 `In those days Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will dwell in safety; and this is the name by which she will be called: the LORD is our righteousness.' 17 "For thus says the LORD, `David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel; 18 and the Levitical priests shall never lack a man before Me to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings and to prepare sacrifices continually.' "

  33. As Sure as Day & Night! 19 The word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, saying, 20 "Thus says the LORD, `If you can break My covenant for the day and My covenant for the night, so that day and night will not be at their appointed time, 21 then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant so that he will not have a son to reign on his throne, and with the Levitical priests, My ministers.

  34. False Prophets??? • These two prophets (Ezekiel & Jeremiah) are stating that during the Millennial reign of Messiah the sacrificial system will be resumed. • If they aren’t correct, then these prophets are false prophets according to Scripture:

  35. Deuteronomy 18 17 "The LORD said to me, `They have spoken well. 18 `I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. 19 `It shall come about that whoever will not listen to My words which he shall speak in My name, I Myself will require it of him. 20 `But the prophet who speaks a word presumptuously in My name which I have not commanded him to speak, or which he speaks in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die.' 21 "You may say in your heart, `How will we know the word which the LORD has not spoken?' 22"When a prophet speaks in the name of the LORD, if the thing does not come about or come true, that is the thing which the LORD has not spoken. The prophet has spoken it presumptuously; you shall not be afraid of him.

  36. They are True Prophets • I believe that these men ARE true prophets of God and that the sacrificial system will resume during the Millennial reign of Messiah, just as they said!

  37. Why Resume Sacrifices? • Some Christian commentaries say that this will be in memorial for the sacrifice that Yeshua made on our behalf on the Cross (Unger’s Bible Handbook). • Other Christian commentaries “spiritualize” this away as “spiritual sacrifices” (Matthew Henry’s Commentary; Halley’s Bible Handbook).

  38. Literal Resumption • I believe this is a literal resumption of the sacrifices, not a memorial nor a “spiritual” sacrifice.

  39. Why Resume the Sacrificial System? My Opinion,In Brief: As long as there is 1) a Temple, 2) a priesthood acting in the Temple, and 3) sinful man coming before a holy God, there will be a sacrificial system.

  40. No Temple/No Priesthood = No Sacrificial System • Happened before: • Babylon, stopped sacrificial system. • Antiochus Epiphanes, stopped sacrificial system.

  41. Restoration & Resumption • After restoration of the Temple in these examples, resumption of sacrificial system occurred.

  42. Restored Temple = Restored Sacrifices • So, too, will the sacrificial system be resumed in the Millennial Temple!

  43. Why the Continuation and Resumption of Sacrificial system if Yeshuas’ Atoning Death Ended that System?

  44. Evidently, His Death Did NOT End the Sacrificial System! • My Understanding: It just ended the Efficacy of ONE sacrifice only – once for all and for all time: • Yom Kippur Sacrifice • The permanent priesthood of Yeshua FOREVER and Perfectly ended this sacrifice! (Hebrews 5 - 8)

  45. Book of Hebrews • Motif of the Book relates to the Yom Kippur Sacrifice. Not the other sacrifices.

  46. Yom Kippur Sacrifice • Did not do away with the need for the other sacrifices (Leviticus 1-5). • Individuals still offered other sacrifices daily in the Temple. (Such as what Shaul was doing!)

  47. On the obverse: Daily sacrifices did not do away with the need for the Yom Kippur Sacrifice.

  48. Yom Kippur Sacrifice

  49. Leviticus 16 34 "Now you shall have this as a permanent statute, to make atonement for the sons of Israel for all their sinsonce every year." And just as the LORD had commanded Moses, so he did. • Once a year sacrifice • On behalf of the Entire Nation of Israel

  50. “Once” • Yeshua’s sacrifice “Once,” not yearly