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BENEFIT TECHNIQUES AND RESULS OF HAIR TRANSPLANT HAIR TRANSPLANT
HAIR TRANSPLANT Hair transplantation relocates (transplants) the resistant hair follicles from the back of head (Donor site) to the balding areas (Recipient site). This process works for lifetime because the hair follicles taken from the back of the head are genetically resistant to baldness, regardless of where they are located. Several of the frequent methods linked to hair transplant are mini grafting, strip grafting, slit grafting, etc. Most of these procedures are performed to an individual a complete appearance.
Benefits of hair transplant • Increases self confidence & self-esteem • Improves overall appearance • Enables hair’s natural ability to grow • Allows trimming & styling of hair • Natural looking & permanent results
Best candidates for hair restoration surgery are • Men who have been losing their hair due to Male Pattern Baldness for more than five years • Men with realistic expectations and who understand that their hair loss might continue to progress even if they are taking prescription medication to stop the progression. • Men who have been balding for many years and who’s pattern has stabilized and are interested in just adding some hair to provide a more youthful appearance. • Men and women who have lost hair due to trauma or burns • Men and women who have lost hair due to other cosmetic procedures such as face-lifts.
Techniques for Hair Transplant • Nowadays, hair transplant is being done by Follicular Unit Technique which involves two ways of hair extraction – • FOLLICULAR UNIT TRANSPLANTATION (FUT or Strip method) • FOLLICULAR UNIT EXTRACTION (FUE method) • In the FUT or Strip method a strip of skin from the back of head (donor area) is removed with the help of scalpel. The gap at the back of head is then sutured together. The strip is then divided into grafts containing 1, 2 or 3 follicles. • FUE method is a stitch less method of hair transplant in which hair root (follicles) are extracted from the back of head with the help of special micro-punches & implanted in the bald area. • A hair graft used in hair transplantation may consist of 2-3 hair (follicular units). These hair grafts are extracted from the ‘donor site ‘and transplanted to the ‘recipient site’ • Hence during hair transplant, permanent hair is redistributed to cover the areas of the head where the hair has thinned or has been lost. In hair transplantation surgery, no new hair is actually created but the existing hair is just moved around, hence there is no net increase in hair. In spite of this, a skillfully performed hair restoration procedure can make a person “look” as though he or she has more hair.
Advantages of FUE Technique • No stitches & sutures • No scars • No Pain • Evenly placed hair • Natural look • Less post-operative discomfort • Shorter recovery time
Pre-operative Preparation • It is important to take a shower or bath and wash your hair with a normal shampoo. • Please try to avoid using any type of hair spray or other lotions. • It is very important to have a good breakfast on the morning of your surgery. • If you are a smoker, it is recommended STOP at least two weeks prior to surgery and for a least one month after your procedure. Smoking inhibits blood flow to the skin and can interfere with healing and the final outcome of your hair transplant. • Please do not drink any type of alcohol during the 3 days preceding your surgery. • Blood test is advised (Hepatitis B, C and HIV, Bleeding time, Clotting time). Ideally the results of the blood test should be received at least 2 days prior to the day of surgery. • If you take multi-vitamins, vitamin B or E, please stop one week before you surgery. Such vitamins could enhance the bleeding. Don’t take aspirin or anti inflammatory and no herbal medication one week before the surgery. • Do NOT drive home alone after the surgery. You should arrange for a ride and should plan to take it easy for a couple of days. • Number of grafts required – The amount of grafts that you may require will depend upon many factors such as degree of hair loss, now and in future, and on how dense you desire your hair to be.
Procedure • Hair transplantation surgery is a delicate affair requiring a series of precautions. In the surgery that takes about four to six hours (depending upon number of grafts to be implanted and area to be covered) the scalp is treated with certain antibacterial chemicals and then shampooed. Patients are given local anesthesia in the donor and recipient areas. Hence, the patient usually feels no pain or discomfort during the surgery. Following surgery there may be some amount of soreness or numbness with mild discomfort. • The FUE technique involves the following steps – • Donor area is shaved • Hair is harvested individually and randomly from the shaved area. • A special punch tool is inserted around each hair follicle from the back or side of your head. • An incision is made around the hair follicle with the punch • Hairs are gently removed, without damaging the area. Tiny red dots are left behind. These heal within days and new hair grows back within weeks. • Extracted hair are harvested and prepared for transplant. • Tiny needle sized impressions are made in the areas of the scalp where the follicles are transplanted. A natural hairline is created with the transplanted hair. Hair begins to grow within weeks. • When done properly this method of medical hair restoration can yield breathtaking results. It becomes hard to tell whether the hair is natural or transplanted. Surgery is also convenient because much less time is used up in separating the follicular units and transplanting them in the problem areas.
After Procedure • With the latest techniques incisions are very small and less invasive as compared to past procedures. Hence, healing is more rapid & most patients feel fine within a 2-3 days following surgery. Patients may have mild swelling on forehead and around eyes but it disappears with time. • After surgery, the transplant area will be cleaned of blood and crust and a scalp dressing is done. Don’t touch the scalp until the next day. The dressing is removed after 48 hours. Thereafter, no dressing is required. Antibiotics need to be taken for 1 week or so along with some anti-inflammatory to reduce swelling. After the dressing is removed you can take a light shower immediately with some precautions as explained by your doctor. Other things you need to take care of include – • Avoid any rubbing or friction in the transplanted area as it can increase the risk of popping the grafts out. • Avoid high pressure on your head because it could dislodge the grafts. • Don’t ware Helmet at least for 10 days • Avoid Gym, Sweating for 10 days • Avoid lifting heavy items for 1 -2 weeks • Avoid sexual activity for 3 days. • Don’t bump you head against car doors, shelves, shower head, trees etc. • Don’t bend over to pick up an item on the ground for 1 week. • Don’t hit your recipient area with direct shower pressure for 2 weeks; use a cup to gently rinse. • Avoid these Aspirin, NSAID (Ibuprofen, Motrin< Advil) and vitamins for 5 days. • Avoid smoking at least for a month • Alcohol – Avoid for 3 days • Caffeine – Coffee, Coke, and Tea etc can increase bleeding, hence decrease the quantity you drink. • Some outside factors could impair the growth of your grafts. Avoid direct sunshine exposure for a long period of time. Avoid outdoor activities or wear a hat • Avoid swimming pools because of the chlorine for at least 2 weeks. • Religiously follow the prescription given by Doctor
Outcome Normally it may take 3-6 months following surgery before the transplanted hair follicles begin to grow new hair. Initially the hair grows very thin but gradually it grows thicker and fuller over time. After 1 year transplanted hair will be fully mature and will continue to grow for life.