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Non-PU backgrounds to diffractive Higgs production at the LHC

Non-PU backgrounds to diffractive Higgs production at the LHC

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Non-PU backgrounds to diffractive Higgs production at the LHC

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  1. Non-PU backgrounds to diffractive Higgs production at the LHC (HERA-LHC Workshop, Hamburg, 12-16.03 2007) V.A. Khoze (IPPP, Durham) ) hep-ph/0702212 FP-420

  2. In the proton tagging mode the dominantHin principlecan be observeddirectly . • certain regions of the MSSM parameter space are especiallyproton tagging friendly (at large tan  and M , S/B ) Myths For the channel LIBs are well known and incorporated in the (DPE )MCs: Exclusive LO - production (mass-suppressed) + gg misident+ soft&hard PP collisions. Reality (very small) The complete background calculations are still in progress (uncomfortably & unusuallylarge high-order QCD and b-quark mass effects). About a dozen various sources : known (DKMOR, Andy, Marek, CMS-Totem note ) &  admixture of |Jz|=2 production. (Not in MCs)  NLO radiative contributions (hard blob and screened gluons) (Not fully in MCs)  NLLO one-loop box diagram (mass- unsuppressed, cut-nonreconstructible)(Not in MCs)  b-quark mass effects in dijet events – (most troublesome theoretically)still incomplete potentially, the largest source of uncertainties!(LO in Exhume) (Andy ?)

  3. KMR technology (implemented in ExHume) focus on  the same for Signal and Bgds contain Sudakov factor Tg which exponentially suppresses infrared Qt region  pQCD new CDF experimental confirmation, 2006 (CDF’s talk) S² is the prob. that the rapidity gaps survive population by secondary hadrons  soft physics; S²=0.026(LHC), S²/b² -weak dependenceonb.

  4. Good ExHume description KMR analytical results CDF preliminary outside-cone energy (Koji) (Rjj includes different sources : Centr. Inclus. + soft PP + (rad. ) tail of Centr. Exclus. + experim. smearing)

  5. K. Goulianos,Diffraction at the Tevatron: CDF results, FERMILAB-CONF-06-429-E

  6. effect. PP lumi (HKRSTW, work in progress). (GeV)  in the MSSM at large tan  the Higgs width effects should be properly accounted for

  7. RECALL:  for forward going protonsLO QCD bgd  suppressed by Jz=0 selection rule and by colour, spin and mass resol. (M/M) –factors. forreference purps : SM Higgs (120 GeV) misidentification of outgoing gluons as b –jets may mimic production the prolific LO subprocess SM Higgs for jet polar angle cut misidentification prob. P(g/b)=0.01  B/S 0.06 (DKMOR WishList) (difference in a factor of 2 …. gluon identity ? (Andy ) )

  8. A little bit of (theoretical) jargon Helicity amplitudes for the binary bgd processes g( g g helicities of ‘active gluons’ S – Jz=0, LO B- domint. Jz=2 (double) helicities of produced quarks • convenient to considerseparately • q-helicity conserving ampt (HCA) and q-helicity non-conserving ampt(HNCA) • do not interfere, can be treated independently, • allows to avoid double counting (in particular, on the MC stage) Symmetry argumts (BKSO-94) forJz=0 the Born HCAvanishes, (usually, HCA is the dominant helicity configuration.)  for large angles HNCA (Jz=2, HCA)

  9. in terms of the fashionable MHVrules (inspired by the behaviour in the twistor space) only (+ - ; + -) J_z=2, HCA (-+ ; -+ /+-) an advantageous property of the large angle amplitudes • allHNCA (Jz=0, Jz=2, all orders in ) are suppressed by • all HC ampts ((Jz=0, Jz=2, all orders ) are \propto  vanish at (z) rotational invariance around q-direction (Jz=2, PP-case only)  an additional numerical smallness ( 0.1-0.2 ) recall: to suppress t-channel singularities in the bgds LOHCAvanishes in the Jz=0 case (valid only for the Born amplitude) Jz=0 suppressionisremovedbythe presence of an additional (real/ virtual) gluon (BKSO-94)

  10. Classification of the backgrounds  |Jz|=2 LO production caused by non-forward going protons. HC process,suppressed by and by ≈ 0.02 * ( ) estimate  NLLO (cut non-reconstructible) HC quark box diagrams. result ≈ • dominant contribution at verylarge masses M • at M< 300 GeV stillphenomenologicallyunimportant due to a combination of small factors  appearance of thefactor consequence of supersymmetry

  11. mass-suppressed Jz=0 contribution  theoreticallymost challenging(uncomfortablylarge higher-ordereffects) • naively Born formula would give0.06  • however, various higher-order effects are essential :  running b-quark mass Single Log effects ( ) the so-called non-SudakovDouble Log effects , corrections of order (studied in FKM-97 for the case of at Jz=0 ) Guidance based on the experience with QCD effects in . •  DLeffects can be reliably summed up(FKM-97 , M. Melles, Stirling, Khoze 99-00 ). •  Complete one-loop result is known (G. Jikia et al. 96-00 ) • complete calculation of SL effects ( drastically affects the result) 3F=

  12. bad news:violently oscillating leading term in the DL non- Sudakov form-factor: • (≈2.5) •  DL contribution exceeds the Born term; strong dependence on the NLLO, scale, • running mass…. effects • No complete SL calculations currently available. Fq= HNC contribution rapidly decreases with increasing M Currently the best bet: : Fq ≈ with c≈1/2. Taken literally factor of two larger than the ‘naïve’ Born term. Cautiously : accuracy, not better than a factor of 4 A lot of further theoretical efforts is needed A.Shuvaev et al., E.W.N. Glover et al.

  13. NLO radiation accompanying hard subprocess Large-angle, hard-gluon radiation does not obey the selection rules + radiation off b-quarks potentially adominant bgd :( ) strongly exceeding the LO expectation.  only gluons with could be radiated, otherwise cancel. with screening gluon ( ).  KRS-06complete LO analytical calculation of the HC , Jz=0 in the massless limit, using MHV tecnique. Hopefully, these results can be (easily) incorporated into ( more sophisticated) MC programmes to investigate radiative bgd in the presence of realistic expt. cuts. , (Current situation, Andy ? )

  14. How hard should be radiation in order to override Jz=0 selection rule ? (classical infrared behaviour) as well known neglecting quark mass (a consequence of Low-Barnett-Kroll theorem, generalized to QCD ) the relative probability of the Mercedes –like qqg configuration for Jz=0 radiative bgd process becomes unusually large  marked contrast to the Higgs-> bb (quasi-two-jet- like) events.  charged multiplicity difference between the H->bb signal and the Mercedes like bbg – bgd: for M120, N ≈7, Nrises with increasing M. hopefully, clearly pronounced 3-jet events can be eliminated by the CD,  can be useful for bgd calibration purposes. Exceptions:radiation in the beam direction;  radiation in the b- directions. DKMOR-02, KMR-07

  15. Production by hard and soft Pomeron-Pomeron collisions (KMR hep-ph/0702213) Requirement: lies with mass interval Suppression: (soft PP and qualitatively for hard PP)

  16. beam direction case if a gluon jet is to go unobserved outside the CD or FD ( ) • violation of the equality : (limited bythe ) contribution is smaller than the admixture of Jz=2. KRS-06 b-direction case (HCA) 0.2 ( R/0.5)² (R –separation cone size) Note :  soft radiation factorizes strongly suppressed is not a problem,  NLLO bgd numerically small  radiation from the screening gluon with pt~Qt: KMR-02 HC (Jz=2) LO ampt. ~ numerically very small  hard radiation - power suppressed

  17. Production by soft Pomeron-Pomeron collisions main suppression : lies within mass interval suppr. factor bb (HI 2006 Fit B and additional factor of ~100 suppression as compared to the ‘old DPDFs’ Background due to central inelastic production mass balance, again subprocess is stronglysuppressed produces asmall tailon the high side of the missing mass H/bb

  18. H1 2006 data show that diffractive gluon densities at  1 are (much) much lower than in the previous analyses. The new MRW2006 fits (which are close to H1 fit B) dpdf are readily availiable at Durham HEPDATA,  With theMRW2006 partons and M ≈ 20 GeV in the Central Detector the soft DPE bb cross section is less then 0.05 of the Higgs signal (for M_H=120 GeV) The overall suppression of the soft/hard Central Inelastic contributions ~ with N>4. (HI 2006 Fit B and additional factor of ~100 suppression as compared to ‘old DPDF’- based results(CMS-Totem note)

  19. Approximate formula for the background main uncertn. at low masses M- mass window over which we collect the signal b-jet angular cut : ( ) bothSand Bshould be multiplied by the overall ‘efficiency’ factor (combined effects of triggers, acceptances, exp. cuts, tagging efficienc., ….),  ~5% (120 GeV)  g/b- misident. prob.P(g/b)=1.3% (ATLAS) Four major bgd sources ~(1/4 +1/4 + (1.3)²/4 + 1/2 ) at M≈120 GeV, M= 4GeV

  20. Four years on M=120 GeV WishList DKMOR (2002) currently (87% signal catch ) 5.76 GeV  30-40 GeV   misidentification prob.P(g/b)=1% (b-tag efficiency)0.6 1.3% (ATLAS) Andy (A. Rozanov ) 0.36  no Pile-Up studies PU ( Marek, Andy, Andrew, Monika, Michele…)

  21. MSSM Recall : large M situation in the MSSM is very different from the SM. HWW/ZZ - negligible; H bb/- orders of magnitude higher than in the SM  detailedstudies of statistical significance for the MSSM Higgs signal discovery , based on the CMS Higgs group procedure – in progress (HKRSTW, hopefully first part of 2007.. )

  22. mhmax scenario, =200 GeV, MSUSY =1000 GeV hbb M. Tasevsky et al. (preliminary)

  23. Hbb

  24. Conclusion LuminosityIndependentBackgrounds to CEDP ofHbbdo not overwhelm the signal and can be put under full control especially at M> 120 GeV. The complete background calculation is still in progress (unusually & uncomfortably large high-order QCD effects). Further reduction can be achieved by experimental improvements, better accounting for the kinematical constraints, correlations….. Optimization, complete MC simulation- still to be done Further theoretical & experimental studies are needed

  25. Known (un)knowns • The probability to misidentify a gluon as a b-jet P(g/b) and the efficiency of • tagging b. • Does the CEDP environment help ? • RP -mass resolution  (M), further improvement ? • (Risto- conservative estimate) •  Correlations, optimisation -to be studied •  S² (S²/b²),further improvements, experimental checks. •  Triggering issues: • Electrons in the bb –trigger ? • Triggering on the bb/without RP condition at M 180 GeV ? •  Mass window MCDfrom the Central Detector only (bb,  modes) in the Rap Gap environment? • Can we do better than MCD ~20-30 GeV? Mass dependence of MCD ? • (special cases: inclusive bgds, hunting for CP-odd Higgs)

  26. FP420 still needs theorists after all Hbb, higher order effects Pile-Up