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Early Challenges

Early Challenges

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Early Challenges

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  1. Early Challenges Chapter 8 Section 2

  2. The Whiskey Rebellion • The FARMERS in western Pennsylvania objected to paying a special tax on WHISKEY. • Farmers attack Tax Collectors • Government responds with a show of force. • An armed protest called the WHISKEY REBELLION was crushed by an army led by GEORGE WASHINGTON

  3. Struggle Over the West • George Washington hoped that treaties with Native Americans would lessen the influence of the SPANISH and the BRITISH, but American settlers ignored the treaties. • Fighting broke out and more the 600 American troops, under the command of General Arthur St. Clair, died in a battle by the WABASH RIVER

  4. In, 1794 the British governor of Canada urged Native Americans to destroy American settlements west of the APPALACHIANS (Mountain Range) • In August 1794, General Anthony Wayne defeated Shawnee leader Blue Jacket and his warriors at the BATTLE OF FALLEN TIMBERS • Native American nations agreed to sign the TREATY OF GREENVILLE, which opened most of Ohio to white settlement

  5. Map of Appalachian Mountain Range

  6. Problems with Europe • Americans in the SOUTH tended to side with France, while MANUFACTURES and MERCHANTS who traded with Great Britain, favored Great Britain. • 1794 the British began building a new fort in Ohio. • French send diplomat Edmond Genet to help recruit American volunteers to attack British ships • On April 22, 1793, Washington issued a PROCLAMATION of NEUTRALITY that prohibited American citizens from fighting in the war between Great Britain and France. Barred American Ports to British and French ships.

  7. Americans and British are close to war but sign Jays’ Treaty • British promise to withdraw all troops from American soil, to pay damages for ships seized, and to allow some American ships to trade with British colonies. • Few Americans supported JAY’S TREATY with the British because it did not deal with IMPRESSMENT (forcing American sailors to serve in the British Navy) or British interference with American trade.

  8. One of countless scenes played throughout the United States when news of the Jay Treaty hit: John Jay being burned in effigy.

  9. Washington’s Farewell • Washington considered the growth of POLITICAL PARTIES a danger to the country. In his “Farewell Address,” he attacked entanglements in FOREIGN AFFAIRS. • Influenced American policy for the next 100 years • “observe good faith and justice towards all nations”