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Psychology of Criminal Behavior

Psychology of Criminal Behavior

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Psychology of Criminal Behavior

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  1. Psychology of Criminal Behavior Dr. Lainey Richardson Licensed Psychologist Clinical Director Metro RYDC/ Gwinnett RYDC

  2. Introduction to Criminal Behavior • The Conformity Perspective • The Strain Theory • The Nonconformist Perspective • Social Control Theory • The Learning Perspective • Social Learning Theory • Differential Association Theory

  3. Perspectives in Criminology • Sociology Criminology • Situational/environmental factors • Unequal power balance • Psychological Criminology • Forensic psychology • Developmental approach • Cognitions; dispositions; traits

  4. Perspectives in Criminology • Psychiatric Criminology • Biochemical & Neurological Approach • Psychoanalytic Tradition • Explains behavior in terms of motives and drives

  5. Developmental Risk Factors • Social Risk Factors • Poverty • Peer rejection and Antisocial peers • How early does it start? • Parental & Family Risk Factors • Single-Parent Households • Parental styles and practices

  6. Developmental Risk Factors • Psychological Risk Factors • Cognitive and language deficiencies • IQ and ethnicity • ADHD • Conduct Disorder • Gender Differences

  7. Developmental Risk Factors • Developmental Theories of Delinquency • Moffitt’s Developmental Theory • Life-course-persistent (LCP) offenders • Adolescent-limited (AL) offenders • Coercion Developmental Theory

  8. Origins of Criminal Behavior: Biological Factors • Genetics and Antisocial Behavior • Twin Studies • Twin Studies and criminal behavior: recent research • Adoption Studies

  9. Biological Factors • Environmental Risk Factors • Birth complications • Nicotine, alcohol & drug exposure • Brain development • Neuropsychological factors

  10. Biological Factors • Eysenck’s Theory of Personality & Crime • Extraversion • Reticular Activating System • Neuroticism • Limbic System

  11. Biological Factors • Crime & Conditionability • Classical Conditioning • Operant Conditioning • Social learning

  12. Learning & Situational Factors • Behaviorism • John B. Watson • Based on Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning • B.F. Skinner • Operant Conditioning • Reinforcement • Positive • Negative • Positive Punishment • Negative Punishment

  13. Learning & Situational Factors • Operant Learning and Crime • Social Learning Theory • Expectancy Theory: Julian Rotter • Imitation: Albert Bandura

  14. Learning & Situational Factors • Frustration-Induced Criminality • Socialized & Individual Offender: Berkowitz • Situational Instigators and Regulators of Criminal Behavior • In the wrong place at the wrong time? • Fundamental Attribution error • Them vs. us?

  15. Learning & Situational Factors • Authority as an Instigator to Criminal Behavior • Crimes of Obedience • Stanley Milgram’s “shock” research • Deindividuation • Philip Zimbardo: Car/Prison experiments • Moral Disengagement • Albert Bandura

  16. Human Aggression and Violence • Definition: • Hostile and Instrumental Aggression • Interpretation by the victim • Theoretical Perspectives on Aggression: • Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic View

  17. Human Aggression and Violence • Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis • John Dollard • Leonard Berkowitz • Weapons effect • Displaced Aggression theory • The “trickle down” theory

  18. Human Aggression and Violence • Social Learning Factors in Aggression & Violence • Bandura: Modeling or observational learning • Reinforcement of aggressive behavior? • Types of models? • Cognitive Models of Aggression • Cognitive Scripts Model • Hostile Attribution Bias • Aggressive Behavior: simple & easy to use! • Do you want a hug or a fight?

  19. Human Aggression and Violence • Zillman: Fight or flight = arousal • Moderate arousal + social skills = verbal • Moderate arousal + poor social skills= aggression • High arousal, even + social skills can still = aggression. • Perceptions/cognitions determine fight or flight • Gender differences in Aggression: • Physical versus verbal aggression

  20. Human Aggression and Violence • Covert vs. Overt aggression • Big boys don’t cry • Mean girls • Effects of Media Violence: • Television • Video Games • Contagion Effect

  21. Psychology of Criminal Behavior The End