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JAMES. Live with integrity. Show resilience in trials. Resist temptation. LESSON 4. JAMES 1:19 –27. ?. READ. I. Accepting the Word of God (1:19 – 21). A. A sensitivity to its teaching (1:19, 20). B. A submission to its teaching (1:21). Response to God ’ s Goodness (1:19).
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Live with integrity. Show resilience in trials. Resist temptation.
LESSON 4 JAMES 1:19–27
READ I. Accepting the Word of God (1:19–21) A. A sensitivity to its teaching (1:19, 20) B. A submission to its teaching (1:21)
Response to God’s Goodness (1:19) quick to hear (akouo)-to comprehend, to understand “He who restrains his words has knowledge, And he who has a cool spirit is a man of understanding.” (Pr 17:27 NAS) slow to speak (laleo)- to use words in order to declare one's mind and disclose one's thoughts (emphasis on the individual speaking ) (Prov. 17:27) “He who is slow to anger is better than the mighty, And he who rules his spirit, than he who captures a city.” (Pr 16:32 NAS) slow to anger (orge)- anger exhibited in punishment, hence used for punishment itself (Prov. 16:32)
Man’s core: Sinfulness God’s core: Holiness • Man’s nature is selfish, sensual, and unrighteous (James 1:19) • God’s nature is Holy, Just, and Righteous (Rom. 1:18) Man’s wrath is poured out in vengeance because someone has disagreed or hurt his ego, hoping to in some way to destroy or tear down • God’s wrath is poured out as a judgment on sin in order to bring about repentance and righteousness Man’s Wrath ≠ God’s Righteousness (1:20) • “for the anger of man does not produce the righteousness of God”(Eph. 4:31-32; II Tim. 2:24-26) • anger- (orge)- the deliberate, persistent attitude of hostility over a long range, vs, anger which is a turbulent, passionate outburst which is usually short lived Because the nature of God and the nature of man are diametrically opposed, there can be no compromise between each; one works independently of the other
Preparation for the Word (1:21) Future (will be saved)- from the presence of sin [Glorification] (I Cor 15:51-58) Salvation of your soul Putting Aside… Present (being saved)- from the power of sin [Sanctification] (Rom 6:11-14) Past (saved)- from the penalty of sin [Justification] (Acts 16:31) The Word filthiness humility wickedness receive
II. Assimilating the Word of God (1:22–25) A. Persistent in study (1:22–24)
READ II. Assimilating the Word of God (1:22–25) A. Persistent in study (1:22–24) B. Consistent in practice (1:25)
Hearers Only are Deceived (1:22) • deceiving – (defraud, delude) to cheat by false reckoning • themselves- we may deceive others with false piety, but in so doing we are only cheating ourselves Note: We deceive ourselves by not being what we think we are; we cheat ourselves by not allowing the Word to bring us to maturity (Matt 7:21-23) The Word doers- (poietes) hearers- (listener) one who obeys or fulfils the law hearing is not the end in itself
he is like a man who looks intently at his natural face in a mirror a man- means man, not mankind natural face- face he was born with, before anything was done to it For he looks at himself- He looks at himself to decide what action he must take and goes away- he decides that no action is necessary and at once forgets forgets-(epilanthanomai) implies that the energies were put into forgetting, not changing what he was like (hopoios)- continues on his way, leaving that image in the past; using others as the standard, not the Word. The wrong use of the Word (1:23-24) For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer…
In pairs of small groups, answer the following questions: • What is the difference between “devotions” and Bible Study? (Q #15) • How do you mark out time for and engage in your own diligent study of Scripture? (Q #16)
one who looks into the perfect law, the law of liberty perfect- (teleios)- brought to its end, finished law of liberty- the liberating power of the Gospel in comparison to the bondage of the law (Rom 8:15; Gal 5:1) and perseveres, being no hearer who forgets but a doer who acts, forgetful hearer- as he is prone to be if he does not continue; being conscious of the weakness of his memory an effectual doer- he continues in the Word, he becomes aware of the Work it demands; he performs this work with diligence, keeping in view the glory of Jesus Christ (Matt 7:21) he will be blessed in his doing- not that he is blessed for what he does, but "in" what he does. We should seek no other blessing than that of being involved with all that pertains to God The right use of the Word (1:25)
READ III. Applying the Word of God (1:26, 27)
Worthless Religion (1:26) If anyone thinks he is religious- To be of continual opinion of himself that he is religious because of his external observances of public worship, such as church attendance, almsgiving, prayer, fasting; the Pharisaic element in Christian worship does not bridle his tongue- but boasts of his works, and speaks ill of his brethren; backbites them, and hurts their names and characters, by private insinuations, and public charges without any foundation; who takes no care of what he says, but gives his tongue a liberty of speaking anything, to the injury of others, and the dishonour of God, and his ways (Ps 39:1; Eph 4:29; 5:4; Col 4:6; 1 Pet 3:10) but deceives his heart- This form of false, external piety has brought about self-deception. The verb deceive is used in the present tense signifying that he is unaware of his problem and continues therein (Gal 6:3) This person’s religion is worthless- the result is an empty, worthless religion. (Matt 7:22-23) Priceless Religion (1:27) Religion that is pure and undefiled before God, the Father, is this: That which is sincere and genuine, and free from adulteration and hypocrisy to visit orphans and widows in their distress- Outward action (Charity) to keep oneself unstained by the world- Inward purity (Chastity) (1 Ti 1:5) True Religion Defined (1:26-27)
Until the mind accepts a truth, a person won’t use his will to act on it. A truth becomes part of us when we let it into our hearts. The heart is the doorway through which truth becomes effective in us. Acting on truth often involves our bodies. We use our hands and feet to carry out the truth.
Live with integrity. Show resilience in trials. Resist temptation. Respond to the Scriptures.