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Chapter 1. Whole Numbers: How to Dissect and Solve Problems. #1. Learning Unit Objectives. Whole Numbers; How to Dissect and Solve Word Problems. Reading, Writing, and Rounding Whole Numbers. LU1.1. Use place values to read and write numeric and verbal whole numbers

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**Chapter 1**Whole Numbers: How to Dissect and Solve Problems**#1**Learning Unit Objectives Whole Numbers; How to Dissect and Solve Word Problems Reading, Writing, and Rounding Whole Numbers LU1.1 Use place values to read and write numeric and verbal whole numbers Round whole numbers to the indicated position Use blueprint aid for dissecting and solving a word problem 1-2**#1**Learning Unit Objectives Whole Numbers; How to Dissect and Solve Word Problems Adding and Subtracting Whole Numbers LU1.2 Add whole numbers; check and estimate addition computations Subtract whole numbers; check and estimate subtraction computations 1-3**#1**Learning Unit Objectives Whole Numbers; How to Dissect and Solve Word Problems Multiplying and Dividing Whole Numbers LU1.3 Multiply whole numbers; check and estimate multiplication computations Divide whole numbers; check and estimate computations 1-4**Whole-number place-value chart**Hundred Thousands Hundred trillions Ten trillions Trillions Ten Thousands Hundred millions Millions Ten millions Hundred billions Ten billions Billions Ones Comma Comma Comma Thousands Comma Hundreds Tens 1 , 6 0 5 , 7 4 3 , 8 9 1 , 4 1 2 Figure 1.1 1,605,743,891,412 Trillions Billions Millions Thousands Units Decimal Point**Writing numeric and verbal whole numbers**Hundred Thousands Hundred trillions Ten trillions Trillions Ten Thousands Hundred millions Millions Ten millions Hundred billions Ten billions Billions Ones Comma Comma Comma Thousands Comma Hundreds Tens 1 , 6 0 5 , 7 4 3 , 8 9 1 , 4 1 2 One trillion, six hundred five billion, seven hundred forty three million, eight hundred ninety one thousand, four hundred twelve Trillions Billions Millions Thousands Units Decimal Point**Converting parts to a regular whole number**2,3 Convert 2.3 billion to a regular whole number Step 1. Drop decimal point and insert a comma Step 2. Add zeros so the leftmost digit ends in the word name of the amount you want to convert. Be sure to add commas as needed. 2,300,000,000**Rounding Whole Numbers**9362 9462 Step 1. Identify the place value of the digit you want to round Step 3. Drop all digits to the right of the identified digit Step 2. Identify the digit to the right. If 5 or more, increase the identified digit by 1, if less than 5 do not change 9400**Rounding all the way**7843 7843 Step 1. Identify leftmost digit Step 3. Change all other digits to zero Step 2. Identify the digit to the right. If 5 or more, increase the identified digit by 1, if less than 5 do not change 8000**General Problem-Solving Procedure**• Step 1. State the problem(s) • Step 2. Decide on the best methods to solve the problem(s) • Step 3. Does the solution make sense? • Step 4. Evaluate results**How to Dissect and Solve a Word Problem**Tootsie Roll Industries sales reached one hundred ninety-four million dollars and a record profit of twenty-two million, five hundred fifty six thousand dollars. Round the sales and profit figures all the way. Sales: One hundred ninety-four million dollars. Profit: Twenty-two million, five hundred fifty-six thousand dollars. Sales and profit rounded all the way. Express each verbal form in numeric form. Identify leftmost digit in each number. Rounding all the way means only the leftmost digit will remain. All other digits become zeros. Sales: One hundred ninety-four million dollars. ----------->$194,000,000 -----------> $200,000,000 Profit: Twenty-two million, five hundred fifty-six thousand dollars --------> $22,556,000 ---------> $20,000,000**Adding Whole Numbers**Example 2 1 1 1,362 5,913 8,924 6,594 22,793 3 Steps 1. Align the numbers according to their place values 2. Add the units column. Write the sum below the column. If the sum is more than 9, write the units digit and carry the tens digit. 3. Moving to the left, repeat Step 2 until all place values are added.**Estimate Addition by Rounding All the Way**Example 2 1 1 1,362 5,913 8,924 6,594 22,793 Example 211 1,000 6,000 9,000 7,000 23,000 *Final answer could have more than one non-zero since total is not rounded all the way.**Subtracting Whole Numbers**Example 13 130 (Minuend) - 60 (Subtrahend) 70 Difference 3 Steps 1. Align the minuend and subtrahend by place values 2. Begin the subtraction with the units digits. Write the difference below the column. If the units digit in the minuend is smaller than the digit in the subtrahend, borrow 1 from the tens digit in the minuend. 3. Moving to the left, repeat Step 2 until all place values in the subtrahend are subtracted Check 70 +60 130**Multiplication of Whole Numbers**4 Steps 1. Align the multiplicand and multiplier at the right. 2. Multiplying the right digit of the multiplier with the right digit of the multiplicand. Keep multiplying as you move left through the multiplicand. 3. Your partial product right digit or first digit is placed directly below the digit in the multiplier that you used to multiply. 4. Continue steps 2 and 3 until multiplication process is complete. Add the partial products to get the final product. Example 418 (Multiplicand) x 52 (Multiplier) 836 20 90 (Partial Product) 21,736 (Product)**Checking and Estimating Multiplication**Check 52 x 418 416 52 20 8 21,736 Estimate 50 x 400 20,000 Check the multiplication process by reversing the multiplicand and multiplier and then multiplying**Multiplication Shortcut with Numbers Ending in Zero**3 Steps 1. When zeros are at the end of the multiplicand or the multiplier, or both, disregard the zeros and multiply 2. Count the number of zeros in the multiplicand and multiplier. (4) 3. Attach the number of zeros counted in Step 2 to your answer Solution 65 x 42 130 260 27,300,000 Example 65000 (3 zeros) x 420 (1 zeros) (4 zeros)**Multiplying a Whole Number by a Power of 10**2 Steps Count the number of zeros in the power of 10. 2. Attach that number of zeros to the right side of the other whole number to obtain the answer. Insert commas as needed. 99 x 10 = 990 = 990 <----Add 1 Zero 99 x 100 = 9,900 = 9,900 <----Add 2 Zero 99 x 1,000 = 99,000 = 99,000 <----Add 3 Zero**Division of Whole Numbers**How many times one number (Divisor) is contained in another number (Dividend). The result is the Quotient. Example 18Quotient Divisor15270Dividend 15 120 120 0**Division Shortcut with Numbers Ending in Zeros**2 Steps 1. Count the number of ending zeros in the divisor. 2. Drop the same number of zeros in the dividend as in the divisor, counting from right to left. 95,000 / 10 -- 95,000 = 9,500 <----Drop 1 Zero 95,000 / 100 -- 95,000 = 950 <----Drop 2 Zeros 95,000 / 1,000 -- 95,000 = 95 <----Drop 3 Zeros

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