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evaluation of the cdti cs 247b ms e 430 pamela hinds nasa ames richard mogford n.
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Evaluation of the CDTI CS 247B / MS&E 430 (Pamela Hinds) NASA Ames (Richard Mogford) PowerPoint Presentation
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Evaluation of the CDTI CS 247B / MS&E 430 (Pamela Hinds) NASA Ames (Richard Mogford)

Evaluation of the CDTI CS 247B / MS&E 430 (Pamela Hinds) NASA Ames (Richard Mogford)

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Evaluation of the CDTI CS 247B / MS&E 430 (Pamela Hinds) NASA Ames (Richard Mogford)

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  1. Evaluation of the CDTICS 247B / MS&E 430 (Pamela Hinds)NASA Ames (Richard Mogford) Honor Gunday Joe Sacco Luke Swartz Stanford University www.stanford.edu/~lswartz/cs247b

  2. CDTI • Now: can’t see other planes • Cockpit Display of Traffic Information • situation awareness of other planes’ • locations • altitudes • intentions • route changes

  3. Free Flight • Now: all adjustments need approval, handoffs from one controller to another (see handout) • Free flight: during en route, let pilots make their own course changes

  4. Methodology and Process • Interviews • 5 pilots, 4 controllers • Pilots: not in workspace… • Observations • Prototype testing • Oakland TRACON • Design Meetings and Focus Groups

  5. Pilots’ Work (now) • Drawings: PFD and Nav Display • Flight Management System (FMS) • En route • generally quiet • route change requests usually granted

  6. Controllers’ Work (now) • Environment • laid back, fun • love their job • pride • “Having a deal” • Unexpected events

  7. Pilots’ Work (free flight) • Over-water versus over-land • Worried about • time • distractions • attention • safety • General Aviation pilot: didn’t want self-separation responsibility either

  8. Controllers’ Work (free flight) • Want clear responsibilities • “all or nothing” • Concern over efficiency • will this actually help? • free flight might actually make things worse!

  9. Interface Observations • Not the subject of our course, but… • CDTI display itself: liked, seemed easy to use (based on ND) • Bar on bottom of CDTI: perceived as “hard to use” • Feedback on sending flight plans? • Toggle switches (e.g. pulse)?

  10. Process Recommendations • Subjects • “lab rats become very well trained” • Simulation • currently distracting, problems of validity? • Mindset • “demonstration, not an experiment”

  11. Design Principles for Pilots • Fit into physical workspace • Shouldn’t increase workload substantially, or require constant attention • Present pertinent info

  12. Design Principles for Controllers • High attention, short time (active vs. passiveness) • Present visually • “Handoff-able”; deal with unexpected situations, error • Clear roles and responsibilities (distributed, not shared)

  13. How does the CDTI do?

  14. High-Level Recommendations • What is the motivation behind CDTI and free flight? • Pilot skepticism: “how busy are they?” • Controller skepticism: “this will make it slower!” • FAA, controllers, NASA, pilots…and airlines

  15. High-Level Recommendation • CDTI can be (best?) used without free flight • Further ensure safety • Reduce workload on controllers without changing roles • Get rid of FMS • Only free flight over water? • Presentation to pilots

  16. Questions? www.stanford.edu/~lswartz/cs247b