BELLWORK • In one sentence, explain how each of these events increased the divide between the USSR and the PRC: • Korean War • Taiwan • Albania • Cuban Missile Crisis • Sino-Soviet Border War • Vietnam War • Cambodia
Cultural Revolution • What is a “revisionist?” How did they pose a threat to Mao’s rule? • Goals: • Destroy the “four olds:” old customs, old culture, old habits, old ideas • Purge the “revisionists” who Mao viewed as attempting to restore capitalist/bourgeois rule
May 16 Notification • “Those representatives of the bourgeoisie who have sneaked into the Party, the government, the army, and various spheres of culture are a bunch of counter-revolutionary revisionists. Once conditions are ripe, they will seize political power and turn the dictatorship of the proletariat into a dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. Some of them we have already seen through; others we have not. Some are still trusted by us and are being trained as our successors, persons like Khruschev for example, who are still nestling beside us. Party committees at all levels must pay full attention to this matter.” • Mao’s May 16 Notification • The purge of General Luo Ruiqing solidified the Army's loyalty to Mao
Mao’s 16 Points • Chinese propaganda poster: "Destroy the old world; Forge the new world." • “Although the bourgeoisie has been overthrown, it is still trying to use the old ideas, culture, customs, and habits of the exploiting classes to corrupt the masses, capture their minds, and endeavor to stage a comeback. The proletariat must do just the opposite: It must meet head-on every challenge of the bourgeoisie in the ideological field and use the new ideas, culture, customs, and habits of the proletariat to change the mental outlook of the whole of society. At present, our objective is to struggle against and crush those persons in authority who are taking the capitalist road, to criticize and repudiate the reactionary bourgeois academic "authorities" and the ideology of the bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes and to transform education, literature and art, and all other parts of the superstructure that do not correspond to the socialist economic base, so as to facilitate the consolidation and development of the socialist system.”
The Red Guards • Mass military social movement of young people during CulRev • Used quotes from Mao’s Little Red Book as their foundation: • “The world is yours, as well as ours, but in the last analysis, it is yours. You young people, full of vigor and vitality, are in the bloom of life, like the sun at eight or nine in the morning. Our hope is placed on you ... The world belongs to you. China's future belongs to you.”
Red Guards • The cover of an elementary school textbook depicting Red Guards; 1967 • “Chairman Mao has defined our future as an armed revolutionary youth organization...So if Chairman Mao is our Red-Commander-in-Chief and we are his Red soldiers, who can stop us? First we will make China red from inside out and then we will help the working people of other countries make the world red...And then the whole universe”
Cultural Revolution • 200,000 youth in Shenyang were recruited to the countryside to live and work(1968) • Mao’s Cult of Personality grew to unprecedented levels • Millions suffered a wide range of abuses including public humiliation, arbitrary imprisonment, torture, sustained harassment, and seizure of property. • Millions were forcibly displaced (urban youth to rural regions) • Historical, cultural and religious sites/artifacts were ransacked. • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lM3CiH1FE9E
Cultural Revolution propaganda poster. It depicts Mao Zedong, above a group of soldiers from the People's Liberation Army. The caption says, "The Chinese People's Liberation Army is the great school of Mao Zedong Thought."