Download
hemophilia n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Hemophilia PowerPoint Presentation

Hemophilia

781 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Hemophilia

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Hemophilia Amy Neidig Rachel Mertz

  2. Hemophilia • Hereditary bleeding disorder • Lack of particular clotting factors • bleeding from injury • Hemophilia A • Hemophilia B

  3. Occurrence • Hemophilia A is most common • 90% of people • Hemophilia A occurs in about 1 in every 5,000-10,000 male births • 18,000 people in America have Hemophilia • 400 babies are born with hemophilia each year

  4. Causes of Hemophilia • Caused by Genetic error • Females have two X chromosomes while Males have a Y and a X chromosomes • Females are carriers • Hemophilia only affects males

  5. History of Hemophilia • Jewish holy text • Document revealed that two brothers died from being circumcised • Queen Victoria passed the gene to her son and through several of her daughters • Spain , Germany and Russia

  6. Treatment • Main treatment- replacement therapy • Replacement therapy- giving or replacing the clotting factor that’s too low or missing • May have replacement therapy on regular basis to prevent bleeding • Reduce risks you might take clotting factor concentrates that don’t use human blood.

  7. Complications • Complications of replacement therapy include: • Developing antibodies, act against the clotting factors • Develop viral infections from human clotting factors • Damage to joints, muscles, or other parts of the body resulting from delays in treatment

  8. Signs and Symptoms • The major signs and symptoms are excessive bleeding and easy bruising • Signs of excessive external bleeding: • Bleeding in the mouth(cut, bite, losing a tooth) • Nosebleeds for no reason • Heavy bleeding from minor cut • Bleeding from a cut that resumes after stopping for a short time

  9. Gene Therapy • Researchers are trying to develop ways to correct the defective gene’s that cause hemophilia • Such as gene therapy hasn’t yet developed to the point that its an accepted treatment • Researchers continue to test gene therapies for hemophilia in clinical trails

  10. Key Points • Rare bleeding disorder that causes excessive bleeding and easy bruising • if you have hemophilia you have little to none of certain clotting factors • Physical activity is important for the children and adults living with hemophilia

  11. Living with Hemophilia • Doctors who specialize in blood disorders • Social works – financial issues , transportation , and mental health • Special Dentists

  12. Safety when children have hemophilia • Protect toddlers with helmets and knee pads when riding a bicycle • Seat belts , high chair safety belts , stroller safety belts • Furniture with sharp edges • Keep harmful and dangerous items away from small children

  13. Reference Page • www.nhlbi.nih.gov • www.tellmewhyfacts.blogspot.com