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THE YOM KIPPUR WAR

THE YOM KIPPUR WAR

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THE YOM KIPPUR WAR

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  1. THE YOM KIPPUR WAR Mindy Farmer Education Specialist Nixon Presidential Library and Museum

  2. BACKGROUND

  3. Six Day War, 1967 • Image from Scholastic “Teachers Upfront,” http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/indepth/upfront/features/index.asp?article=f041607_Six_Day_War

  4. THE MAJOR PLAYERS

  5. Anwar Sadat • Succeeds Gamal Abdel Nassar as Egyptian President,October 15, 1970 • Anwar Sadat at Camp David, 09/09/1978

  6. Golda Meir • President Nixon, Henry Kissinger and Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir, meeting in the Oval Office, 03/01/1973 • Elected Prime Minister of Israel, March 17, 1969

  7. Henry Kissinger • Sworn in as Secretary of State, September 22, 1973

  8. Alexander Haig • Made Chief of Staff on May 1, 1973 • Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, President Nixon, Rep. Gerald Ford, and White House Chief of Staff Alexander Haig meet in the Oval Office regarding Ford's upcoming appointment to Vice-President.

  9. Leonid Brežněv • General Secretary of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R., 1964-1982.

  10. WATERGATE

  11. 1972

  12. 1973

  13. THE CONFLICT

  14. October 6, 1973 • First Day of Conflict Documents: HAK Telecon with AH HAK Telecon with RN Top Secret News Flash

  15. October 7, 1973 • Israel suffers serious losses. Documents: HAK telecon with RN

  16. October 10, 1973 • Vice President Spiro Agnew Resigns

  17. October 13, 1973 • U.S.S.R. support for Arab nations evident Documents: Memo for HAK from William B. Quandt

  18. October 17, 1973 • Key, secret meeting with Arab Officials Documents: Memorandum of Conversation

  19. October 19-21, 1973 • Arab Nations declare an embargo against oil exports to the United States.

  20. October 20, 1973 In what the press dubs the “Saturday Night Massacre,” both Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus resign rather than follow President Nixon order to fire Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox. Ultimately, Acting Attorney General Robert Bork fires Cox.

  21. October 23, 1973 • The United Nations adopts Resolution 338, which calls for a cease-fire. • Despite the cease-fire, fighting persist. • Documents: HAK Telecon with AH

  22. October 24, 1973 • While the fighting ends, a letter from Brezhnev causes a new crisis. The U.S. military is placed on high alert. • Documents: HAK telecon with RN

  23. Ceasefire Lines

  24. October 26, 1973 • Despite the end of the conflict abroad, the conflict at home rages. • Documents: News conference

  25. AFTERMATH

  26. Golda Meir ResignsApril 11, 1974

  27. President Nixon ResignsAugust 9, 1974

  28. Camp David Peace AccordsSeptember 17, 1978

  29. Anwar Sadat’s FuneralOctober 9, 1981