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Chinese People and Culture

Chinese People and Culture. A presentation by: Tyler Boice Jeremy Cislo Randall Grover. Population. Mao Zedong believed in strength in numbers. Encouraged the Chinese to have more children. Population growth was at 2.07%, by the mid 1960’s A total of 1.3 billion people.

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Chinese People and Culture

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  1. Chinese People and Culture A presentation by: Tyler Boice Jeremy Cislo Randall Grover

  2. Population • Mao Zedong believed in strength in numbers. • Encouraged the Chinese to have more children. • Population growth was at 2.07%, by the mid 1960’s • A total of 1.3 billion people.

  3. Population continued… • The increased population caused serious food and shelter shortages. • One of the highest population densities in the world. • Mao failed to recognized the problems his population was causing.

  4. Population Policies • In 2000, the population growth was slowed to 0.9%. • China’s population policy received worldwide criticism. • As a result China has begun to relax their policy. • Despite the governments population policies, China’s population is expected to reach 1.4 billion in the middle of this century. • Moa realized the population was out of control • He called families to have no more than two children.

  5. Population Policies continued… • Deng Xiaoping came in power in the 1970s. • He developed a one-couple, one-child policy. • People who had 1 child received special rewards, such as better housing or jobs. • People who had more than one faced fines, wage cuts, and loss of their jobs.

  6. Ethnic Differences • There are about 56 different ethnic groups in China. • There is 52 different languages recognized by the Chinese government. • People in different culture groups have their own traditions, foods, clothes, and normally religion. • Even the largest ethnic groups like the Mongols, Uighurs, Tibetans, and Kazakhs, are still small in number

  7. Ethnic Differences Continued… • Together all the minority ethnic groups make up 8% of the population. • 92% of the population, about 1 billion people, are Han • Han comes from the Han Dynasty, which existed about 2,200 years ago, since then the Hans have always been the major ethnic group

  8. Language • Chinese is nonphonetic, which means the written form of a word generally gives no hints to the pronunciation of the word. • Chinese uses ideograms- the use of characters representing thoughts or ideas. • To fluently speak/ read Chinese the average person needs to know 20,000 different characters, while to read the newspaper the average person needs to know 2000-3000 charctors

  9. Language Continued… • Every Chinese language, though they may speak differently, uses the same characters making reading a universal way of communication. • In 1956 Mandarin was declared the official language of China, though Chinese dialect varys from region to region, all the students are being taught in Mandarin.

  10. Religion and Beliefs • The Chinese are greatly influenced by ancient philosophies. • Chinese practice many beliefs • Traditional faiths of Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism are the most popular

  11. Daoism • Based on teachings of Laozi • Path to true happiness is based lies in living in harmony with natural world.

  12. Confucianism • Most widely practiced faith. • Philosophy based on the collection of teachings of Confucius, called the Analects. • Believes that society functions best if everyone respected the laws and behaved according to his/her own position. • Honoring one's ancestors is important.

  13. Atheism • China’s official religion. • Communists on first arriving to China seized religious places of worship. • Many however still kept their faith, and the government eased restrictions.

  14. Falun Gong • One group the Chinese government outlawed in 1999. • Falun Gong is a self described spiritual movement that combines meditation, exercise, and principles from Buddhism and Daoism. • Many were sent to labor camps for “reeducation”. • This group now protests against the Chinese government in other nations.

  15. The Family • The Chinese view the family as very important. • The Father is known as the head of the family. • Social order and communal behavior was learnt by the Chinese through the philosophy of Confucianism.

  16. The Family Continued… • Throughout time Chinese family values have changed, but the main points still remain the same. • Children have a little more freedom in choosing careers. • Marriage ceremonies have been toned down over time.

  17. Medicine • Many Chinese people prefer their own traditional medicine instead of modern Western medicine. • This 2,000 year old practice is founded on the belief that good health comes from harmony between the environment and people. • This practice includes special diets, herbal remedies, breathing exercises, massages, and acupunctures.

  18. Medicine Continued • Acupuncture is practice of inserting very thin needles at specific points on the body to cure disease or to ease pain.

  19. Works Cited "Mandarin Character – Shui – Water." Primary Modern Foreign Languages — Just Another Edublogs.org Weblog. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://madamhaughey.edublogs.org/2009/06/02/mandarin-character-shui-water/>. "A Lenten Reflection: Our Ethnic Diversity." Archdiocese of Toronto Blog. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://archdioceseoftoronto.blogspot.com/2009/03/lenten-reflection-our-ethnic- diversity.html>. Baerwald, Thomas John., and Celeste Fraser. World Geography: Building a Global Perspective. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2003. Print. "Deng Xiaoping Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com." Biography.com. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/deng-xiaoping-9271644>. "Mao Zedong - Television Tropes & Idioms." Home Page - Television Tropes & Idioms. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/MaoZedong>. "China Population, Population of China, Chinese Population." China Travel Guide and Information Icluding Life, Culture, Facts, Maps, History and News. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://www.chinatraveldiscovery.com/china-facts/population.htm>.

  20. Works Cited continued… "365 Days of Happiness » Blog Archive » Daoism and Taoism Quotes." Tuvy Asian Books. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://www.tuvy.com/blog/2010/09/daoism- and- taoism-quotes/>. FalunInfo.net - The Official Source on Falun Gong and the Human Rights Crisis in China. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://faluninfo.net/>. "Herbal Medicine - Credo Reference Topic." Credo Reference Home. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://www.credoreference.com/topic/herbal_medicine>. "Herbalism." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbalism>. "Interesting Facts & Information: Tourism, Travel, Culture, Language, Business, People. » Blog Archive » Chinese Culture Family Life." Professional Translation Services | Interpreters | Intercultural Communication & Training. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/articles/china/chinese-culture- family-life/1781>. "The Tole Acupuncture and Chinese Herbal Medicine Centre, Institute, School, University, College, Higher Education in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia." OoCities - Geocities Archive / Geocities Mirror. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://www.oocities.org/toleclinic/Equipment.htm>.

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