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The Tempest “The Ultimate City” di J.G. Ballard

The Tempest “The Ultimate City” di J.G. Ballard

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The Tempest “The Ultimate City” di J.G. Ballard

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  1. The Tempest“The Ultimate City” di J.G. Ballard 12 maggio 2008

  2. “The Ultimate City”(1976)in The Low-Flying Aircraft and Other Stories J. G. Ballard 18 November 1930 Shangay, China!

  3. Ultimate • 1 ADJ You use ultimate to describe the final result or aim of a long series of events. • He said it is still not possible to predict the ultimate outcome... • The ultimate aim is to expand the network further. • = eventual • 2 ADJ You use ultimate to describe the original source or cause of something. • Plants are the ultimate source of all foodstuffs... • The ultimate cause of what's happened seems to have been the advertising campaign. • = fundamental • 3 ADJ You use ultimate to describe the most important or powerful thing of a particular kind. • ...the ultimate power of the central government... • Of course, the ultimate authority remained the presidency... • 4 ADJ You use ultimate to describe the most extreme and unpleasant example of a particular thing. • Bringing back the death penalty would be the ultimate abuse of human rights... • 5 ADJ You use ultimate to describe the best possible example of a particular thing. • Caviar and oysters on ice are generally considered the ultimate luxury foods. • = definitive • 6 PHRASE The ultimate in something is the best or most advanced example of it. • This hotel is the ultimate in luxury...

  4. Confronto tra i personaggi

  5. Temi e simboli • Utopia vs. distopia: l’uomo ha causato una catastrofe energetica e ha dovuto abbandonare la città per creare Garden-City, comunità idilliaca e perfetta, basata sulla completa assenza della tecnologia. • Ricerca dell’utopia come spinta a migliorare il mondo; • Delusione e ridimensionamento delle aspettive umane.

  6. Città ideale: • Prima la città tecnologica, alla ricerca della perfezione armonica della convivenza umana; • Poi il mondo agricolo e pastorale di Garden City, come rezione al fallimento della tecnologia; • Infine il tentativo di creare, da parte di Halloway-Ferdinand, Buckmaster-Prospero e Olds-Ariel, un mondo perfettamente organizzato e funzionante. • Ma tutte queste città sono destinate a fallire in modo tragico e secondo analogie ben precise. • Illustrano l’impossibilità per l’essere umano di realizzare concretamente i propri sogni, forzando sia la natura che la vita. • PESSIMISMO BALLARDIANO BALLARDIAN: (adj) 1. of James Graham Ballard (J.G. Ballard; born 1930), the British novelist, or his works (2) resembling or suggestive of the conditions described in J.G. Ballard’s novels & stories, esp. dystopian modernity, bleak man-made landscapes & the psychological effects of technological, social or environmental developments. (Source: Collins Dictionary)