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5 th Six Weeks Test Review Answers

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5 th Six Weeks Test Review Answers

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  1. 5th Six Weeks Test Review Answers Chapters 15-18

  2. CHAPTER 15

  3. Frederick Douglass

  4. An escaped slave who later purchased his own freedom • Abolitionist, spoke out against slavery. • Edited the North Star - an abolitionist newspaper • Wrote an auto-biography that was very important in teaching people about how bad slavery was!

  5. TariffsNorth vs. South

  6. North • Wanted Tariffs • South • Opposed tariffs because most of their cotton was sold to international buyers who gave them credit for goods instead of money. They had to use that credit for internationally made goods which made their cotton worth less.

  7. Uncle Tom’s Cabin

  8. Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) to portray slavery as brutal and immoral. • The novel follows the life of a old slave named Uncle Tom. Stowe showed the evils of slavery throughout his life. • Uncle Tom’s Cabin heightened the conflict between North and South • President Lincoln is quoted as having declared, "So this is the little lady who made this big war”

  9. Dred Scott v. Sanford

  10. Dred Scott sued for his freedom. • Abolitionists believed this case could end slavery. • Supreme Court ruled African-Americans were not citizens and had NO RIGHTS. • Congress had no right to ban slavery in any territory. “Slavery was Lawful and Legal” • Slaves were property, thus protected by the 5th Amendment in the Constitution.

  11. Compromise of 1850

  12. North • California would be admitted as a free state. • The slave trade would be abolished in Washington D.C. • South • The New Mexico and Utah Territories would be able to decide the issue of slavery by a majority vote. The citizen's would decide whether or not to allow slavery. (popular sovereignty)

  13. Election of 1860

  14. President Lincoln is elected. • South secedes, starting with South Carolina.

  15. Place the following events on a Timeline • Passage of the 13th Amendment • Emancipation Proclamation • Election of Abraham Lincoln • Missouri Compromise • Dred Scott Decision

  16. Missouri Compromise Election of Abraham Lincoln Passage of the 13th Amendment Dred Scott Decision Emancipation Proclamation

  17. CHAPTERS 16 & 17

  18. Ulysses S. Grant

  19. Supreme Military Commander of the Union Army • United States General during the Civil War • Accepted the surrender of Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Courthouse in April 1865.

  20. Robert E. Lee

  21. Supreme Military Commander of the Confederacy • Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in April 1865.

  22. Jefferson Davis

  23. From Mississippi • Became President of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War.

  24. Abraham Lincoln

  25. From Illinois and was a member of the Republican Party • President of the United States during the Civil War • Issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 freeing all slaves in areas then in rebellion.

  26. Advantages of the North

  27. A very strong navy and almost all the shipyards were in the North. • More factories • Larger population • Booming Economy • Railroads!!!! Better organized and much more mileage of track. • Leadership of President Lincoln

  28. Advantages of the South

  29. Knew the land (home-field advantage) • Were trying to preserve their way of life (had the HEART… this war meant everything to them) • Much better military commanders • Was able to fight a defensive war, requiring the Union to stretch their resources to the limit in order to reach the Rebels. • They weren’t trying to concur the North, they just wanted to be independent.

  30. Battle of Vicksburg

  31. Union forces completed the capture and control of the Mississippi River and cut the Confederate States in half.

  32. Appomattox Courthouse

  33. Surrender of Lee (Confederacy) to Grant (Union), ended the Civil War

  34. Ft. Sumter

  35. April 12, 1861 • First shots fired of the Civil War

  36. Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address

  37. Fight for restoration of peace and the Union. “Malice towards none, with charity towards all.”

  38. CHAPTER 18

  39. 13th Amendment

  40. Freed the slaves by outlawing the “peculiar institution of slavery” in the United States.

  41. 14th Amendment

  42. Gave all people born in the United States citizenship regardless of race • This amendment did NOT give citizenship to Native Americans.

  43. 15th Amendment

  44. Said suffrage (the right to vote) could not be denied based on race. • It did not protect African Americans from being denied the right to vote for other reasons • States would begin adding poll taxes and literacy tests to the requirements to vote so that African Americans would hopefully not be able to participate.

  45. Scalawag

  46. Nickname for Southern whites who supported Reconstruction.

  47. Hiram Rhodes Revels

  48. From Mississippi • One of two African Americans to serve in the U.S. Senate.

  49. Radical Republicans

  50. Wanted the federal government to play an active role in reconstruction. • Wanted to destroy the South’s old ruling class and turn the South into a region of small farms, free schools, respect for labor, and political equality for all.