5th Six Weeks Test Review Answers Chapters 15-18
An escaped slave who later purchased his own freedom • Abolitionist, spoke out against slavery. • Edited the North Star - an abolitionist newspaper • Wrote an auto-biography that was very important in teaching people about how bad slavery was!
North • Wanted Tariffs • South • Opposed tariffs because most of their cotton was sold to international buyers who gave them credit for goods instead of money. They had to use that credit for internationally made goods which made their cotton worth less.
Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) to portray slavery as brutal and immoral. • The novel follows the life of a old slave named Uncle Tom. Stowe showed the evils of slavery throughout his life. • Uncle Tom’s Cabin heightened the conflict between North and South • President Lincoln is quoted as having declared, "So this is the little lady who made this big war”
Dred Scott sued for his freedom. • Abolitionists believed this case could end slavery. • Supreme Court ruled African-Americans were not citizens and had NO RIGHTS. • Congress had no right to ban slavery in any territory. “Slavery was Lawful and Legal” • Slaves were property, thus protected by the 5th Amendment in the Constitution.
North • California would be admitted as a free state. • The slave trade would be abolished in Washington D.C. • South • The New Mexico and Utah Territories would be able to decide the issue of slavery by a majority vote. The citizen's would decide whether or not to allow slavery. (popular sovereignty)
President Lincoln is elected. • South secedes, starting with South Carolina.
Place the following events on a Timeline • Passage of the 13th Amendment • Emancipation Proclamation • Election of Abraham Lincoln • Missouri Compromise • Dred Scott Decision
Missouri Compromise Election of Abraham Lincoln Passage of the 13th Amendment Dred Scott Decision Emancipation Proclamation
Supreme Military Commander of the Union Army • United States General during the Civil War • Accepted the surrender of Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Courthouse in April 1865.
Supreme Military Commander of the Confederacy • Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in April 1865.
From Mississippi • Became President of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War.
From Illinois and was a member of the Republican Party • President of the United States during the Civil War • Issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 freeing all slaves in areas then in rebellion.
A very strong navy and almost all the shipyards were in the North. • More factories • Larger population • Booming Economy • Railroads!!!! Better organized and much more mileage of track. • Leadership of President Lincoln
Knew the land (home-field advantage) • Were trying to preserve their way of life (had the HEART… this war meant everything to them) • Much better military commanders • Was able to fight a defensive war, requiring the Union to stretch their resources to the limit in order to reach the Rebels. • They weren’t trying to concur the North, they just wanted to be independent.
Union forces completed the capture and control of the Mississippi River and cut the Confederate States in half.
April 12, 1861 • First shots fired of the Civil War
Fight for restoration of peace and the Union. “Malice towards none, with charity towards all.”
Freed the slaves by outlawing the “peculiar institution of slavery” in the United States.
Gave all people born in the United States citizenship regardless of race • This amendment did NOT give citizenship to Native Americans.
Said suffrage (the right to vote) could not be denied based on race. • It did not protect African Americans from being denied the right to vote for other reasons • States would begin adding poll taxes and literacy tests to the requirements to vote so that African Americans would hopefully not be able to participate.
From Mississippi • One of two African Americans to serve in the U.S. Senate.
Wanted the federal government to play an active role in reconstruction. • Wanted to destroy the South’s old ruling class and turn the South into a region of small farms, free schools, respect for labor, and political equality for all.