CENSUS OF INDIA 2011 PRIMARY CENSUS ABSTRACT RELEASE OF Dr. C. CHANDRAMOULIREGISTRAR GENERAL & CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS30TH APRIL 2013 DATA HIGHLIGHTS
Background • This is the first set of final data from the Population Enumeration exercise held in February 2011 • So far the data released from Census 2011 pertained to Houselisting and Housing Census covering • All Households • SC & ST Households • Female Headed Households • Slum Households
Data Release – List of Indicators • Population* • Density • Population (0-6)* • Scheduled Castes Population • Scheduled Tribes Population • Number of Literates* • Number of Workers (Total, Main, Marginal) • Category of Economic Activity (Cultivators, Agricultural Labourers, Household Industry Workers, Other Workers) • Non Workers By Sex & Residence * - Provisional data released earlier
Population of IndiaCensus 2011 As on 0.00 Hrs. of 1st March, 2011 • Final Total Population of the country is 1,210,726,932* (or 1.21 billion) • Provisional Population Total1,210,193,422* • Difference: + 533,510 persons (0.04%) * Includes the estimated population of Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur. In the remaining slides, the figures exclude the estimated population of Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur.
Decadal Change in PopulationIndia : 2001-2011 • There has been an increase of 181.96 million persons in absolute number of population in India during 2001-11 • Increase among males: 90.97 million • Increase among females: 90.99 million • Growth Rate of females (18.3%) is higher than males (17.1%)
Decadal Change in PopulationIndia : 2001-2011 • Population of India grew by 17.7% during 2001-11, against 21.5% in the previous decade • Among the major States, highest decadal growth in population has been recorded in Bihar (25.4%) • 14 States/UTs have recorded population growth above 20%.
Population – Rural Urban Distribution India : 1961-2011 • 833.5 million persons live in Rural areas as per Census 2011 - more than two-third of the total population • 377.1 million persons live in urban areas.
Proportion of Urban PopulationIndia : 1951-2011 • Urban proportion has gone up from 17.3% in 1951 to 31.2% in 2011. • EAG states have lower urban proportion (21.1%) in comparison to non EAG states (39.7% ) • Highest proportion of urban population is in NCT Delhi (97.5%) • Top 5 States: Goa (62.2%), Mizoram (52.1%), Tamil Nadu (48.4%), Kerala (47.7%) & Maharashtra (45.2%)
Density of PopulationIndia : 2011 (Persons per sq. km.) • Delhi (11,320) turns out to be the most densely inhabited followed by Chandigarh (9,258), among all States/UTs, both in 2001 and 2011 Census. • Among the major States, Bihar occupies the first position with a density of 1106, surpassing West Bengal which occupied the first position during 2001. • The minimum population density works out in Arunachal Pradesh (17) for both 2001 and 2011 Census.
Child Population (0-6 years)India : 2001, 2011 (in million) • The Child Population (0-6) is almost stationary - grown by only 0.4% in the last decade. • In 17 States/UTs the Child Population has declined in 2011 compared to 2001.
Sex Composition of Child Population(0-6) – India 2011 • The total number of children in India is 164.5 millions, about 660 thousand more than the number recorded in 2001 • Male Child (0-6) population has increased whereas Female Child population has decreased marginally during 2001-11 • 8 States, viz. Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Meghalaya have proportion of child population more than 15 percent.
Sex Ratio of PopulationIndia : 2001, 2011 Sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1000 males in a population.
States Ranked by Sex Ratio – 2011(Major States – Population 10 million and above) * Sex Ratio is defined as the number of females per 1000 males
Child Sex Ratio (0-6)India : 2001, 2011 • The sex ratio in the age group 0-6 attempts to bring out the recent changes in our society in its attitude and outlook towards the girl child. • Also an indicator of the likely future trends of sex ratio in the population.
States Ranked by Child Sex Ratio (0-6) 2011 (Major States – Population 10 million and above) * Child Sex Ratio (0-6) is defined as the number of femalesper 1000 males in the age group 0-6 years.
SCs/STs in India - 2011 • Scheduled Castes are notified in 31 States/UTs of India and Scheduled Tribes in 30 States • There are altogether 1,241 individual ethnic groups, etc. notified as Scheduled Castes in different States/UTs • Number of individual ethnic groups, etc. notified as Scheduled Tribes is 705 • There has been some changes in the List of SCs/STs in States/ UTs during the last decade
Population of SCsIndia : 2011 (in million)
Population of STsIndia : 2011 (in million)
Number of LiteratesIndia : 2001, 2011 • A person (aged 7 and above) is considered literate, if he or she can read and write, with understanding, in any language. (in millions)
Literacy Rate India : 2001, 2011 (in %) • Largest increase: Dadra & Nagar Haveli by 18.6 points (from 57.6% to 76.2%), Bihar by 14.8 points (from 47.0% to 61.8%), Tripura by 14.0 points (from 73.2% to 87.2%) • Improvement in Female literacy is higher than males in all States/UTs, except Mizoram (where it is same in both Males and Females) during the decade 2001-11.
Literacy Rate – Rural Urban DifferentialIndia - 2001, 2011 • Gap between Literacy Rate in Urban and Rural areas is steadily declining in every census. In Census 2011, the gap stands at 16.3 points
Gender Gap in Literacy Rate India - 2001, 2011 • Gender gap in Literacy Rate is steadily declining in every census. In Census 2011, the gap stands at 16.3 points
Workers, Work Participation Rate (WPR) & Categories of Economic Activity
Definition of Work(Economic Activity)- 2011 Worker: A person who has participated in any economically productive activity with or without compensation or profit Reference period: one year preceding the date of enumeration
Number of Workers by ResidenceIndia : 2011 (in million) * Work Participation Rate is defined as the number of workers per 100 population
Type of Workers- 2011 • Main Worker:Persons who ‘worked’ for 6 months or more during the reference year • Marginal Worker:Persons who ‘worked’ for less than 6 months. • For the first time in Census 2011, the marginal workers have been sub-divided in two categories, namely, those worked for less than 3 months and those who worked for 3 to 6 months • Non-Worker:Persons who did not ‘work’ at all during the reference period. Includes students, persons engaged in household duties, dependents, pensioners, beggars, etc.