Download
10 th grade genetic engineering n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
10 th Grade genetic Engineering PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
10 th Grade genetic Engineering

10 th Grade genetic Engineering

91 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

10 th Grade genetic Engineering

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. 10th Grade genetic Engineering

  2. Gene transfer 101: the basics of cutting, copying, pasting and cloning genes • An introduction • Step-by-step

  3. How does genetic engineering work? • Cut out desired DNA using • Insert DNA into plasmid • Insert plasmid (vector) into host cell

  4. Genetic Engineering: Making Human insulin • E. Coli make human insulin

  5. Genetic Engineering: Making Factor IX in sheep… 1997: Factor IX isolated and purified from sheep’s milk to treat one hereditary form of haemophilia (Haemophilia B, Christmas Disease)

  6. The brave new world of genomics GENOMICS – analysis of the structure and function of genomes…

  7. You don’t need to know this for your test!

  8. Learning about your genome • 2 out of 3 of us will die of a genetically related disease • Many (some say all) diseases have a genetic cause • Genetic report cards can identify ‘potential risk’ of future illnesses

  9. Do you want to know your genome? Do you want to know your genome? Are you sure?

  10. Gene therapy • Find defective genes and ‘fix them’ • Insert a healthy normal gene or gene product (lipid, protein)to achieve normal function • Most effective for single gene disorders: cystic fibrosis, Sickle Cell disease,

  11. Pharmacogenomics Uses information about your genetic make-up to determine the drug, and drug doses, that will work best for you Currently used for treatment of: • HIV • Breast cancer • Colon cancer • Mental illness

  12. Using our genome to understand human evolution By sequencing and databasing genes, we can see similarities and differences between species • The closer the genome match, the closer their evolutionary history • Human Chromosome 2 came from fusion of two great ape chromosomes • Karl Miller on human evolution • The time-tree of evolution

  13. Ethics and the human genome How companies are patenting your genetic code