Download
international organization international law n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
International Organization & International Law PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
International Organization & International Law

International Organization & International Law

131 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

International Organization & International Law

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. International Organization & International Law

  2. International Organization & International Law • 4 Most Important Things to Know about IO • The Basics • How IO Evolved • Why IO has Expanded • IO  Increasing Cooperation • 4 Most Important Things to Know about IL • The Basics • The Primitive Nature of IL • IL as a Western Phenomenon • Issues with Adherence to IL

  3. International Organization ~The Basics~

  4. International Organization What is International Organization? • Note ‘Organization’ is in the singular • How modern system organization changed • Pre-Exploration • Pre-CW • CW • Post-CW • Actors • States, IGOs, NGOs, MNCs, etc • Issues • Domestic • Transnational

  5. International Organization ~How IO Evolved~

  6. International Organization Universal Concern for Humans • International Peace Conferences at The Hague(1899, 1907) • Developed countries’ responsibility • League of Nations (1920) • United Nations (1945) • Growth in membership • More IGOs, NGOs form

  7. International Organization About the United Nations • Purpose • Structure • General Assembly • UN Security Council • UN Secretary General • Need to address transnational issues • UN System • Effectiveness UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon

  8. International Organization ~Why IO Expanded~

  9. International Organization Expansion of IO • Increased international contact • Increased interdependence • Expansion of transnational problems • Failure of current state-centered system to provide security • Efforts of small states to gain strength through joint action • Provide role models

  10. International Organization ~Increased Cooperation through IGOs~

  11. Increased Cooperation through IGOs • Interactive Arena • Self-interest • NATO • Center for Cooperation • Functionalism • ECOWAS • Independent International Actor • Proactive • UN • Supranational Governance • Authority • EU

  12. International Organization ~Recap~

  13. International Organization 4 Most Important Things to Know about IO • What IO Is • How IO Evolved • Why IO has Expanded • IO  Increasing Cooperation

  14. International Law ~The Basics~

  15. International Law The Basics • Based on customs, agreements, treaties • Increased over time • More actors • More contact • Increased interdependence • Greater need to coordinate policies, actions

  16. International Law ~Primitive Nature~

  17. International Law Primitive Nature • Not legislated • Based on customs & agreements • No overarching enforcement authority • Sovereign states pursue self-interests

  18. International Law ~Western Phenomenon~

  19. International Law Western Phenomenon • European, then US domination • Father of International Law • Age of Reason • Natural Law Hugo Grotius (1583-1645)

  20. International Law Western Phenomenon • Early law  war • Contemporary law  transnational issues • Differences between cultures • Cultural relativism

  21. International Law ~Adherence Issues~

  22. International Law Adherence • Compliance is voluntary • Means of enforcement • Most states obey international laws- Why? • Reputation • Long-term benefits v. short term losses • Employ means to convince states to comply So, is international law really law? • Sovereignty v. adherence

  23. International Law ~Recap~

  24. International Law 4 Most Important Things to Know about IL • What IL is • The Primitive Nature of IL • IL as a Western Phenomenon • Issues with Adherence to IL