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Three-Dimensional Figures

Three-Dimensional Figures

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Three-Dimensional Figures

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  1. Three-Dimensional Figures

  2. Vocabulary • Two-dimensional figures (plane figures) – triangles, quadrilaterals, and circles. They lie in one plane

  3. Vocabulary • Three-dimensional figures – figures that have length, width, and depth • Cone • Cylinder • Prism • Pyramid • Sphere

  4. How are 3-D figures created?

  5. Two-dimensional figures can be transformed through space to create three-dimensional figures. One way is to rotate a two-dimensional figure about a line. This line is sometimes called an axis of symmetry.

  6. Space Figures • Translate a rectangle through space – It creates a rectangular prism!

  7. Space Figures • Translate a triangle through space – It makes a triangular prism!

  8. Space Figures • Translate a circle through space – It makes a cylinder!

  9. Space Figures • Rotate a rectangle around an axis of symmetry – it also makes a cylinder!

  10. Space Figures • Twirl (rotate) a triangle around one of its sides – It makes a cone!

  11. Space Figures • Twirl (rotate) a circle around its diameter – It makes a sphere!

  12. Let’s try some examples! Example 1

  13. Solution

  14. Example 2

  15. Solution

  16. Example 3 A square measures 1 inch on each side. Suppose a copy of the square is translated 2 inches directly above the plane in which it lies to form a second square. The two squares are then connected with four line segments. Describe the three-dimensional figure that is formed.

  17. Solution

  18. Example 4

  19. Solution

  20. Example 5

  21. Turning Point • Let’s test your knowledge! Grab your clicker!

  22. 1. What is the figure show below called? • Cone • Cylinder • Cube • Rectangular prism

  23. 2. The base of a cylinder is shaped like a ______. • Rectangle • Square • Triangle • circle

  24. 3. What three-dimensional figure will be formed if the right triangle shown is rotated about the line shown? • Cone • Cylinder • Cube • sphere

  25. 4. What three-dimensional figure will be formed if the rectangle shown is rotated about the line shown? • Cone • Cylinder • Cube • sphere

  26. 5. A rectangle is translated 3 inches directly above the plane in which it lies. The vertices of the two rectangles are then connected with four line segments. What three-dimensional figure is formed? • Cone • Cube • Cylinder • Rectangular prism

  27. 6. What three-dimensional figure will be formed if rectangle ABCD is rotated about AB? • Cone • Cube • Cylinder • prism

  28. Ticket-out-the-door • What 3D figure is created when you…. • Translate a rectangle • Translate a circle • Rotate a rectangle • Translate a triangle • Rotate a triangle • Rotate a circle • Translate a square

  29. Cross-Sections EQ: How can I describe the cross-sections of solid figures?

  30. Vocabulary • Cross-section – a view of the inside of a 3D figure after it is sliced • Polyhedron – a 3D figure (a solid with flat faces) http://www.learner.org/channel/courses/learningmath/geometry/session9/part_c/index.html

  31. Example 1 Describe three different cross-sections you can find for the rectangular prism below

  32. Solution

  33. Example 2 The cylinder below sits on a horizontal base. Draw and describe the cross-section formed when the cylinder is cut by a plane that is tilted away from its base.

  34. Solution • The cross-section is shaped like an oval. In mathematics, this shape is called an ellipse.

  35. Example 3 • The cone below sits on a horizontal base. Draw and describe the cross-sections formed when the cone is cut by a vertical plane through its vertex.

  36. Solution • The cross-section is shaped like an isosceles triangle. The base of the triangle is on the base of the cone.

  37. Example 4 • The pyramid below has a square horizontal base. Draw and describe the cross-sections formed when the cone is cut by a vertical plane that does not pass through the vertex at its top.

  38. Solution • The cross-section will be shaped like a quadrilateral. This figure is called an isosceles trapezoid.

  39. Activity

  40. Turning Point • Let’s test your knowledge! Grab your clicker!

  41. 1. The cylinder below is cut by the plane shown. What is the shape of the cross-section formed? • Circle • Rectangle • Trapezoid • Triangle

  42. 2. The cube below is cut by the plane shown. What is the shape of the cross-section formed? • Circle • Rectangle • Square • triangle

  43. 3. Suppose a cone is cut by a plane. Which cross-section is NOT possible? • Circle • Ellipse • Square • triangle

  44. 4. The cross-section of a three-dimensional figure is shaped like a circle. The three-dimensional figure could NOT be a ________. • Cone • Cylinder • Pyramid • sphere

  45. 5. A cylinder is cut by a plane to form a cross section shaped like an ellipse. How could the plane that formed the cross-section have cut the cylinder? • Parallel to a base of the cylinder • Perpendicular to a base of the cylinder • Slightly tilted away from a base of the cylinder • None of the above