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Instruments. How many different kinds of instruments can you think of? . Melophone trumpet harp guitar (ACCOUSTIC) Saxophone bass guitar electric guitar drums Tenor sax washtub bass violin cello Piano voice windpipes harmonica Washboard bugle bagpipes spoons
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Instruments How many different kinds of instruments can you think of? Melophone trumpet harp guitar (ACCOUSTIC) Saxophone bass guitar electric guitar drums Tenor sax washtub bass violin cello Piano voice windpipes harmonica Washboard bugle bagpipes spoons Triangle clarinet cymbals banjo Trombone tuba keyboard bells Flute pipe organ piccolo snare drum Bass drum coronet bongos rain sticks Maracas castanets rhythm stick rattles
Early types of instruments: These instruments date back to 1000 – 1200 B.C. Various flutes or recorders Pan Flute Pipes Lute – like a guitar and used by singers Fiddle Harpsichord - like a piano Double Harp – 2 sets of strings
Music of the Middle Ages using many of the instruments shown. Middle Ages Music and Images
As time went on instruments developed more and more. In the Classical time period the instruments become a little more refined. Slightly more modern piano More sophisticated flutes. Brass instruments were also improved upon.
Classical Era Instrumental Music - Orchestra and piano solo Mozart Piano Concerto
Instrument Families Instruments are grouped into families of similar sound or method of playing. For example: Percussion instruments are struck, where woodwinds are blown into through a reed. There are 5 main families of instruments * Strings *Woodwinds *Brass *Percussion *Keyboards
STRING FAMILY String instruments produce sound through the vibrating of a string. String instruments can be plucked or bowed. Name some string Instruments: viola violin Ukulele double bass guitar mandolin harp banjo cello electric bass
STRING FAMILY Classical String Instruments: Typically used in orchestral music Violin – the smallest and highest pitched Viola – slightly larger than a violin and a little lower in pitch. Cello – large and required the instrumentalist to be seated to play. The pitch is even lower Double Bass- the lowest pitch of the classical string instruments, you must stand while playing the double bass Trivia question: Which classical string instrument is also sometimes used in a Jazz Ensemble? Double Bass
String Quartet String quartets were very popular during the time of Mozart String quartets consisted of 2 violins, 1 viola, and 1 cello http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w5WMUnMGcb4&feature=player_detailpage
STRING FAMILY Other String instruments used in various styles of music. Acoustic Guitar Electric Guitar Mandolin Banjo
STRING FAMILY Guitar Ensembles http://youtu.be/8epuzV7JZPk Guitar Ensemble from Eastern Kentucky University http://youtu.be/tp6t8AnT5Cg Electric Guitar Ensemble from Eastern Kentucky University
WOODWIND FAMILY A woodwind instrument produces sound when the player blows air against a sharp edge or through a reed, causing the air within its resonator (usually a column of air) to vibrate. Most of these instruments are made of wood but can be made of other materials, such as metals or plastics. Single reeds are used for clarinets and saxophones There are some instruments in the woodwind family that do not use a reed. Can you guess which one?
WOODWINDS Some woodwind instruments have double reeds Bassoon Oboe Contrabassoon
WOODWINDS Saxophone Family Like the Classical String Instruments there are also varying pitched saxophones. Soprano Saxophone Alto Saxophone Tenor Saxophone Baritone Saxophone
WOODWINDS Flute Family Although we are used to seeing two types of flutes, there are many different sized of flutes. The size differences change the high or low sounds of the instruments. Piccolo- the highest sounding flute Standard flute – mid to high range Bass flute – is the lowest and largest of the flutes Alto flute – lower in sound and larger
WOODWINDS http://youtu.be/LqfskxfsmbU Flute Choir performance http://youtu.be/ulvIWg2Z3ds Saxophone Ensemble http://youtu.be/lRqQU_btwPc Woodwind Ensemble
BRASS A brass instrument is a musical instrument whose sound is produced by vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips. Standard mouth piece for a trumpet
BRASS Baritone – the highest of the low brass Tuba – lowest sound Low Brass Instruments Euphonium – slightly higher sound Trombone – like the baritone, it’s the highest of the low brass instruments
BRASS High brass instruments Standard Trumpet mid-high range Flugelhorn mid-low range Piccolo trumpet highest range French horn mid-low range
BRASS How do they work? The player buzzes air into the mouthpiece and pushes on valves to change the pitch. The more tubing, the lower the sound. The smaller the tubing, the higher the sound. Each brass instrument has it’s own mouthpiece.
BRASS Valves vs. Slides Almost all Brass instruments use valves to change pitch, but some use a slide. Valves Slides
BRASS Brass Quintets A Brass Quintet consists of 2 trumpets, 1 french horn, 1 trombone, and 1 tuba http://youtu.be/zR_GVUWllP4 The Canadian Brass
BRASS Trombone Choir http://youtu.be/CzlfbA9791k Trumpet Choir http://youtu.be/G1qwXXxdaBE
Instrument Families Worksheet Here is a list of the available instruments for the worksheet and families. String Family Woodwind Family Brass Family Violin Flute Trumpet Viola Saxophone French Horn Cello Oboe Trombone Guitar Bassoon Euphonium Double Bass Clarinet Tuba Harp Contrabassoon
PERCUSSION A percussion instrument is any object which produces a sound when hit with an implement or when it is shaken, rubbed, scraped, or otherwise acted upon in a way that sets the object into vibration.
PERCUSSION Percussion instruments vary in size, style, colors, and material.
PERCUSSION Percussion instruments are classified into 4 major areas. Idiophone – sound is made through vibrations of the entire body. Membranophone – sound is made when the membrane head is struck. Chordophone – a pitched sound is made when struck. Aerophone – sound is made when air is blown through.
PERCUSSION Idiophones and Membranophones are the most common types of percussion instruments used. Idiophones
PERCUSSION Membranophone The skin stretched over the head of a drum is called a membrane. This is what vibrates to make the sound.
PERCUSSION Mallets are used to strike a percussion instrument, either idiophone or membranophone There are soft mallets There are hard mallets Soft mallets typically have felt or yarn to make the contact softer Hard mallets are typically made of wood or hard plastic. Drum sticks are like mallets, they are hard wood.
PERCUSSION Marching band Drum Lines http://youtu.be/Of25v8otMJQ Percussion Ensemble http://youtu.be/Jde0u8OJNdA Trash Talkers – St. Edward High School http://youtu.be/wQVVWuyLwGY
PERCUSSION Marimba solos and duets. http://youtu.be/9yIidaajecE http://youtu.be/BHP5xjBP-9I http://youtu.be/DtzpGKadgew
PERCUSSION Ancient Drums of various cultures Kodo Drumming Japanese Tradition http://youtu.be/kI4Mqb5_jJU http://youtu.be/thQ1VAyJWHw
PERCUSSION 2008 Beijing Olympics Opening Ceremony http://youtu.be/RUy9OgRRXnw http://youtu.be/RUy9OgRRXnw
KEYBOARDS A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. The most common of these is the piano. Other widely used keyboard instruments include organs of various types as well as other mechanical, electromechanical and electronic instruments
KEYBOARDS Keyboard instruments have a standard keyboard of white and black keys for each note on the staff. There are differences between the keyboard instruments and how the sound is produced. For example, a piano has hammers. An organ uses air pumped through pipes.
KEYBOARDS Inside of the piano Just like all instruments, the shorter and thinner strings are the higher pitches. The thicker and longer strings are the lower sounds. The piano key is pressed and a hammer in the inside is moved forward or down to hit the string.
KEYBOARDS Organs and how they work. An organ uses air through pipes to make sound. When a key is pressed, it releases air into the pipe.
KEYBOARDS The first organs had to have air pumped into them. It was the responsibility of the performer to pump air into it with their feet.
KEYBOARDS Spencer Myer – Local musician from North Ridgeville. http://youtu.be/jJKrjayL6pI Jazz Pianist Solo http://youtu.be/AO32dVF6fgo
KEYBOARDS Organists solos – use of pedals http://youtu.be/m_HdrywerGE Bach’s Toccata and Fugue http://youtu.be/_FXoyr_FyFw