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Passato Prossimo

Passato Prossimo

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Passato Prossimo

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  1. PassatoProssimo The Present Perfect

  2. Goals By lesson’s end the learner will be able to: • Discuss the differences and the similarities between the English Present Perfect and the Italian PassatoProssimo. • Form the PassatoProssimo in Italian with both: • Essere helping verbs and • Avere helping verbs • Use the PassatoProssimo in context.

  3. PassatoProssimo Present Perfect

  4. Goals By lesson’s end the learner will be able to: • Define the English Present Perfect. • Provide examples of the regular formation of the tense. • Provide examples of verbs that do not follow the regular formation of the tense. • Use the English Present Perfect in context.

  5. The Present Perfect • In English the Present Perfectindicates an action that has been completed in the recent past. For example: Yesterday I walked home from school • In this example we see that: • The action occurred recently: Yesterday • The action was completed entirely: There is nothing left to say. • Can anyone think of a Present Perfect sentence?

  6. The Present Perfect • In English the Present Perfectis created by adding ‘-ed’ to a regular verb. For example: • To walk – Infinitive form • I walked– Present Perfect • To watch – Infinitive form • I watched– Present Perfect • To call – Infinitive form • I called– Present Perfect • Can anyone think of similar examples of ‘-ed’ verbs?

  7. The Present Perfect • As we have seen in English the Present Perfectis created by adding ‘-ed’ to a regular verb. For example: • To walk – Infinitive form • I walked– Present Perfect • There are also irregularEnglish verbs that do not follow this pattern, for example: • To run – Infinitive form • I ran– Present Perfect • As you can see, irregularPresent Perfect verbs change the entire form of the verb. • Can anyone think of similar examples of irregular English verbs?

  8. Irregular Present Perfect Verbs • To begin … I have begun • To bend … I have bent • To clothe … I have clothed / I have clad • To do … I have done • To drink … I have drunk • To fall … I have fallen • To hear … I have heard • To swim… I have swum • To write … I have written • To learn … I have learned / I have learnt Refer to: EnglishPage.com; for a more detailed list.

  9. Reviewing • Are you ready to answers a few questions about what we have discussed thus far? YES NO

  10. Present Perfect Passatoprossimo

  11. Goals By lesson’s end the learner will be able to: • Explain when the Italian PassatoProssimois used. • Discuss the similarities and the differences between the English Present Perfect and the Italian PassatoProssimo. • Provide examples of the avereformation and the essereformation. • Provide examples of the regular formation of the tense. • Provide examples of the irregular formation of the tense. • Use the PassatoProssimoin context.

  12. PassatoProssimo = Kodak Moment • The English Present Perfect is called PassatoProssimo in Italian. • As its English equivalent the Italian PassatoProssimo discusses events that have been completed in the recent past. • The PassatoProssimo action can be captured as a Kodak Moment.

  13. PassatoProssimo • The PassatoProssimo in Italian comes in two flavors: • Essereverbs • Avereverbs • The first flavor of PassatoProssimo verbs that we will discuss is the Avereveriety.

  14. Reviewing • Are you ready to answers a few questions about what we have discussed thus far? YES NO

  15. Can you answer these questions? • What is the Present Perfect in English? • How many flavors of the PassatoProssimo are there? • How is it formed in English? • What is the equivalent of the English form called in Italian? • What does the concept of the Kodak Moment imply? • What are these flavors of the PassatoProssimo?

  16. Can you answer these questions? • What is the Present Perfect in English? • An action that has occurred and has been completed in the recent past. • How many flavors of the PassatoProssimo are there in Italian? • In Italian the PassatoProssimo can be formed in two ways. • How is it formed in English? • In the regular form the verb receives the verbal suffix: -ed; i.e.: played • What is the equivalent of the English form of the Present Perfect called in Italian? • The PassatoProssimo. • What does the concept of the Kodak Moment imply? • That the action can be captured by a camera and is a Present Perfect verb tense. • What are these flavors of the PassatoProssimo? • One with helping verbs in avereand one with helping verbs in essere.

  17. Reviewing • Are you comfortable with the material that has been presented? • Do you feel that you have answered the questions with ease and you are now ready to continue? • If you have answered ‘yes’ to both questions then click on the “Yes” button. YES NO

  18. Reviewing the avere helping verb RipassandoilverboAvere

  19. Goals By lesson’s end the learner will be able to: • Conjugate avere in the Present Indicative.

  20. Avere

  21. Reviewing • Are you ready to answers a few questions about what we have discussed thus far? YES NO

  22. Ripasso del verboavere • La zia (avere) unamacchinatedesca. • Noi non (avere) ilbiglietto per ilteatro. • Tu (avere) tempo prima distudiare. • Io (avere) un amicoitalo-francese. • Loro (avere) una casa al mare. • Gina etu (avere) un videoregistatore SONY. • Lui non (avere) una casa in montagna. • Marta e Tina non (avere) un lettore DVD. • Io e Dario (avere) del tempo libero per studiare. • Voi (avere) isoldi per comprare un nuovo DVD.

  23. Ripasso del verboavere • La ziaha unamacchinatedesca. • Noi non abbiamoilbiglietto per ilteatro. • Tuhaitempo prima di studiare. • Io ho un amicoitalo-francese. • Lorohannouna casa al mare. • Gina e tuavete un videoregistatore SONY. • Lui non hauna casa in montagna. • Marta e Tina non hanno un lettore DVD. • Io e Dario abbiamo del tempo libero per studiare. • Voiaveteisoldi per comprare un nuovo DVD.

  24. Reviewing • Are you comfortable with the material that has been presented? • Did you correctly respond to at least 95 percent of the questions? • Do you feel that you have answered the questions with ease and you are now ready to continue? • If you have answered ‘yes’ to both questions then click on the “Yes” button. YES NO

  25. The ParticipioPassato The Past Participle

  26. Goals By lesson’s end the learner will be able to: • Explain what a Past Participle is. • Form the Past Participle of regular verbs. • Provide examples of the Past Participle of regular verbs. • Form the Past Participle of irregular verbs. • Provide examples of the Past Participle of irregular verbs.

  27. The Past Participle What is a Past Participle in English? • A past participle indicates past or completed action or time. It is often called the 'ed' form as it is formed by adding ‘-d’ or ‘-ed,’ to the base form of regular verbs, however it is also formed in various other ways for irregular verbs. [Definition from: Learn English.] • It can be used to form a verb phrase as part of the present perfect tense. [Definition from: Learn English.]

  28. The Past Participle of Regular Verbs • As we have seen regular verbs form the Past Participle by adding either a ‘-d’ or an ‘-ed’ to the infinitive form, for example: • To walk … walk + ed = walked • To jump … jump + ed = jumped • To plant … plant + ed = planted

  29. Reviewing • Are you ready to answers a few questions about what we have discussed thus far? YES NO

  30. Can you form the Past Participle of these verbs? • Watch • Enjoy • Read • Spend • Study • Finish • Test • Eat • Arrive • Swim

  31. Can you form the Past Participle of these verbs? • Watch => Watched • Enjoy => Enjoyed • Read => Read • Spend => Spent • Study => Studied • Finish => Finished • Test => Tested • Eat => Ate • Arrive => Arrived • Swim => Swam

  32. Reviewing • Are you comfortable with the material that has been presented? • Do you feel that you have answered the questions with ease and you are now ready to continue? • Have you answered at least 95 percent correctly? • If you have answered ‘yes’ to both questions then click on the “Yes” button. YES NO

  33. The Past Participle Il ParticipioPassato

  34. Goals By lesson’s end the learner will be able to: • Explain what a ParticipioPassatois. • Form the ParticipioPassatoof regular verbs. • Provide examples of the ParticipioPassato of regular verbs. • Form the ParticipioPassatoof irregular verbs. • Provide examples of the ParticipioPassato of irregular verbs.

  35. The Past Participle = Il ParticipioPassato What is a ParticipioPassato? • The Italian equivalent of the Past Participle is the ParticipioPassato. • In Italian ParticipioPassato by itself has no meaning. • A ParticipioPassatoin Italian is used to form part of a compound verb indicating a past action. • A compound verb is a verb consisting of two parts.

  36. ParticipioPassatodiVerbiRegolari How is a ParticipioPassato of a regular verb formed? To form the ParticipioPassato of a regular verb, follow these steps: Verbs ending in ‘-are’ / ‘ -ere ‘ / ‘-ire’ : Parlare … Parlare … Parl + ato=> Parlato Vendere … Vendere … Vend + uto=> Venduto Uscire … Uscire … Usc + ito=> Uscito Capire … Capire … Cap + ito=> Capito --- There is no isc!

  37. Reviewing • Are you ready to answers a few questions about what we have discussed thus far? YES NO

  38. Can you form the Past Participle of these verbs? Volgere al ParticipioPassato Volgere al ParticipioPassato Allegare Mangiare Credere Riportare Spedire Passare Partire Dimostrare Dovere Attraversare Elencare Ricevere Volere Controllare Dormire • Guardare • Vendere • Avere • Ubbidire • Studiare • Finire • Attaccare • Battere • Camminare • Potere • Comprare • Vedere • Portare • Sottolineare • Salire

  39. Can you form the Past Participle of these verbs? Volgere al ParticipioPassato Volgere al ParticipioPassato Allegare => Allegato Mangiare => Mangiato Credere => Creduto Riportare => Riportato Spedire=> Spedito Passare => Passato Partire => Partito Dimostrare => Dimostrato Dovere => Dovuto Attraversare => Attraversato Elencare => Elencato Ricevere => Ricevuto Volere => Voluto Controllare => Controllato Dormire => Dormito • Guardare => Guardato • Vendere => Venduto • Avere => Avuto • Ubbidire => Ubbidito • Studiare => Studiato • Finire => Finito • Attaccare => Attaccato • Battere => Battuto • Camminare => Camminato • Potere => Potuto • Comprare => Comprato • Vedere => Veduto • Portare => Portato • Sottolineare => Sottolineato • Salire => Salito

  40. Reviewing • Are you comfortable with the material that has been presented? • Did you get at least 95 percent of the preceding Past Participles correct? • Do you feel that you have answered the questions with ease and you are now ready to continue? • If you have answered ‘yes’ to all these questions then click on the “Yes” button. YES NO

  41. Present Perfect with the avere helping verb PassatoProssimo con Avere

  42. Goals By lesson’s end the learner will be able to: • Conjugate avere in the Present Indicative. • Form the Past Participle of a regulare ‘-are’ , ‘-ere’ and ‘-ire’ verb. • Provide examples of the avereformation of the PassatoProssimo. • Provide examples of the regular formation of the PassatoProssimo. • Provide examples of the irregular formation of the PassatoProssimo. • Use the PassatoProssimoof avereverbs in context.

  43. PassatoProssimo = Kodak Moment • As you know the PassatoProssimo represents a Kodak Moment. • That is: It connotes an action that has been completed in the recent past.

  44. PassatoProssimoHas Two Parts • The PassatoProssimo has two parts: • A helping verb, called an auxiliary verb • A past participle • For example: • Io ho parlato • Tuhaivenduto • Lui ha capito • Lei ha finito • Noiabbiamoparlato • Voiavetevenduto • Lorohannocapito • Lorohannofinito • From this one can derive an important fact: • With avere verbs there is no change in the endings: • -ato • -uto • -ito Let us take a closer look…

  45. Regular verbs in -are For example, let us take a look at the verb inventare: Io non (inventare) la lampadinaelettrica. • Subject = Io = 1st person singular. • “Inventare” is an -are verb. • -are => -ato • “Inventare” is an avere verb. • Io = subject = 1st singular = ho • With avere verbs there is no change… -ato stays -ato. Answer: Io non ho inventatola lampadinaelettrica.

  46. Regular verbs in - ere For example, let us take a look at the verb vendere: Tu (vendere) la casa. • Subject = Tu= 2nd person singular. • “vendere” is an -ere verb. • -ere => -uto • “Vendere” is an avere verb. • Tu = subject = 2nd singular = hai • With avere verbs there is no change… -uto stays -uto. Answer: Tuhaivendutola casa.

  47. Regular verbs in -ire For example, let us take a look at the verb dormire: Lui (dormire) fino a tardiquestamattina. • Subject = Lui= 3rd person singular. • “Dormire” is an -ire verb. • -ire => -ito • “Dormire” is an avere verb. • Lui = subject = 3rdsingular = ha • With avere verbs there is no change… -ito stays -ito. Answer: Luiha dormitofino a tardiquestamattina.

  48. Regular verbs in -ire For example, let us take a look at the verb finire: Lei (finire) icompiti. • Subject = Lei = 3rd person singular. • “finire” is an -ire verb. • -ire => -ito • “Finire” is an avere verb. • Lei = subject = 3rd singular = ha • With avere verbs there is no change… -ito stays -ito. • There are no –isc verbs in the PassatoProssimo tense! Answer: Lei ha finitoicompiti.

  49. A Rapid Review Un RipassoVeloce

  50. Regular verbs in -are For example, let us take a look at the verb finire: Noi (giocare) beneieri. • Subject = Noi= 1st person plural. • “giocare” is an -are verb. • -are => -ato • “giocare” is an avere verb. • Noi = subject = 1st plural = abbiamo • With avere verbs there is no change… -ato stays -ato. Answer: Noiabbiamogiocatobeneieri.