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RICH COUNTY 4-H SHOW PIG SELECTION. Darrell Rothlisberger. Breeds of Pigs. There are many breeds.. Hampshire Duroc Yorkshire Chester Crossbreed. Hampshire. Duroc. Yorkshire. Chester. Crossbred – York x Hamp. Selection Criteria . Muscle Frame Structural Correctness Capacity

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  2. Darrell Rothlisberger

  3. Breeds of Pigs • There are many breeds.. • Hampshire • Duroc • Yorkshire • Chester • Crossbreed

  4. Hampshire

  5. Duroc

  6. Yorkshire

  7. Chester

  8. Crossbred – York x Hamp

  9. Selection Criteria • Muscle • Frame • Structural Correctness • Capacity • Movement • Style & Balance

  10. Back Loin Shoulder Rump Neck Rib Ham Flank Jowl Forearm Hock Parts of the Pig

  11. Muscle • This is what you are selling to the consumer • Select a pig that is moderate to heavy muscled • Know the indicators of muscle

  12. Groove Dimple Stifle / Ham Wide Based Indicators of Muscle

  13. The groove!

  14. Frame • Length and Height • Select a pig that is • Long bodied • Tall

  15. Structural Correctness • How the pig is put together • A pig should move with ease • Take long strides • Joints should be clean and be at the proper angle

  16. Structural Correctness Good Poor Notice angle to joints…

  17. Capacity

  18. Movement

  19. Style and Balance • A hog that has style and balance: • Holds its head up when walking • Smooth in its overall appearance • Be clean made through shoulders, jowl, top line and underline

  20. Style and Balance

  21. Nutrition • Five basic nutrients for pigs • Water • Protein • Energy • Minerals • Vitamins Do not feed scraps, garbage or other foods to show pigs

  22. Fresh and Cool Water • The most important nutrient • Must be available clean and fresh at all times • Best if it is available through a nipple • Don’t let them step in or lay in their water

  23. Protein • Provide material to build tissue • Hair, hooves, skin, muscle, internal organs • When in the growing stages - protein levels need to be higher • When in the finishing stages - protein needs to be lower

  24. Protein Levels These levels may need adjusting depending on your pigs specific needs and requirements

  25. Proteins and Amino Acids • Proteins are made up of Amino Acids • Pigs need amino acids to utilize protein • There are 20 different amino acids • Lysine is the most important • Be sure your feed has Amino Acids

  26. Metabolizable Energy ME or Fat • Levels need to be between 3% and 6.5% • Growing pigs need more ME • Finishing Pigs need less ME

  27. Metabolizable Energy ME or Fat • Important for body maintenance, growth, movement and heat production • Efficient use of Energy depends on levels of protein • Remember… Most commercially prepared show pig feeds feeds will be well balanced with regards to protein and energy levels

  28. Minerals • Important for bone growth and other body functions • Calcium Phosphorus • Salt Iron • Manganese Zinc • Copper Iodine • Selinium

  29. Vitamins • Important for performance, growth and body functions • 11 Major Vitamins • A, D, E, K, riboflavin, pantothenic acid • choline, B12, biotin, folic acid

  30. Facilities and Pen Preparation • Provide protection from extreme weather conditions • Provide good shade and protection from sun as well as wind

  31. Facilities and Pen Prep (con’t) • Pen needs to be safe and clean • Make sure there are no sharp objects where the pig can injure themselves

  32. Facilities and Pen Prep (con’t) • Two weeks prior to arrival • Disinfect pen, fences and structures with a bleach mixture of 1 part bleach with 4 parts water. • Spray this liberally over all areas

  33. Facilities and Pen Prep (con’t) • Keep pen clean of trash and manure at all times. • Pigs will defecate in one part of pen so it is easy to keep clean • Keep pen surface soft . . . • Good pen bedding can be sand, wood chips or shavings or well tilled soil

  34. Water Facilities and Pen Prep (con’t) The most important part of your pen

  35. Early care of your new pig • Spend time with your pig throughout the project • Get to know them so they will be used to you and know who you are.

  36. Feeding Methods • A self feeder is the best way to feed show pigs • It keeps feed clean and dry • It is always ready and plentiful • NOTE: you must check daily to insure proper feed availability

  37. Feeding On hot days pigs will not eat well. Keep 'em Cool ! Spray them down with cool water three times a day. Also keep their pens wet down to keep dust away

  38. Exercise • Only exercise when it is cool • Use a cane or driving instrument when exercising

  39. Feeder Water barrel w/ nipple Show bat Spray bottle or pump sprayer Brush Shampoo Shallow Rubber Feed Pan Water bucket Hair Conditioner or light oil Water hose Basic Equipment

  40. Health • There are several very important vaccinations your pig should have had before you bought them • Atropic Rhinitis • Ecoli • Dysentary • Pseudo-rabies • Parvovirus • Erysipelas • De-worming

  41. Health • Check with your breeder • Ask if your pig has had vaccinations • If purchasing from out of state: • Ask if they are a certified herd • This means that all animals are free of Brucellocis and Pseudo-rabies

  42. Is my pig sick? • Pig goes off feed • Quits drinking • Gets scours • Off by themselves and laying down • WHO SHOULD I CALL?… • Local Veterinarian, Breeder, Leader, Ag Teacher, Extension 4-H Agent

  43. Papers and Regulations • Be sure to get a proper bill of sale from the seller • Brand inspection papers are not required on Pigs • If purchasing from out of state be sure to follow the requirements mandated by law by the Utah Department of Agriculture. For more information call the state vet at (801) 538.7100 See Darrell for details

  44. Rich County Junior Livestock Schools and Skillathon • June 14-17, 2005 • Rich County Fairgrounds • Demonstrations • Lectures by experts • Hands on instruction • Showmanship • Fitting • Feeding

  45. Rebel Jackpot • June 18, 2005 • Rich County Fairgrounds • Swine 8:00 AM • Steers 10:00 AM • Lambs 2:00 PM • Pigs and Lambs $10 • Steers $25

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