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Rich County 4-H

Rich County 4-H. Show Lamb Selection. Darrell Rothlisberger . Rich County Extension Agent. loin. back. neck. hindsaddle. shoulder. leg. brisket. flank. forearm. hock. pastern. Parts of the Sheep. Selection Criteria. Muscle Frame Structural Correctness Style and Balance. MUSCLE.

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Rich County 4-H

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  1. Rich County 4-H Show Lamb Selection

  2. Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Extension Agent

  3. loin back neck hindsaddle shoulder leg brisket flank forearm hock pastern Parts of the Sheep

  4. Selection Criteria • Muscle • Frame • Structural Correctness • Style and Balance


  6. Indicators of Muscle • Top • Leg • Front view • Rear view • Bone

  7. From the top • Wide across top • Long loin • Thick meaty loin • Butterfly feel along spine

  8. Feeling the top • Put fingers together and feel across spine • Check the width of loin • Check the length of loin

  9. Front • Wide based • Clean brisket • Large bone • Bulging forearm • Slight prominent shoulder • Don’t get too big a shoulder as this will make the lamb look rough

  10. From the rear • The widest portion should be the center or stifle • Wide based • Inside leg muscle • Wedge made stifle wide base

  11. From the side • Level top • The hindsaddle should be longer that the front part of the back • Long loin You want a long topped lamb but it must be strong topped as well

  12. Bone • A large bone is an indicator of muscle.

  13. FRAME

  14. Frame • Long bodied • Tall


  16. Structure • Neck extend out of top of shoulders • Top line should be long, level and straight • Pasterns should be strong

  17. Structure • Walk with feet wide apart • Walk with long smooth strides • Stay away from weak topped, open shouldered, lambs with steep rumps


  19. Style and Balance • Trim extended neck • Trim clean chest • Long top line • Level hindsaddle • Trim middle • Tight wrinkle free hide

  20. Look for potential • Select a Lamb that has.. • Large frame • Long body • Long neck • Clean chest floor • Muscle indicators • Long, thick loin • Long, level hindsaddle

  21. FEEDING AND NUTRITION Know your lamb and it’s genetics to best utilize your feeding program

  22. Feed trough options • There are several ways to feed lambs that can aide in the development of leg and loin muscle Note: Never feed on the ground, place feeders at least shoulder height

  23. Feeding • Always feed clean feed • Feed in a clean trough • Feed at the same time each day…

  24. Nutrition • Five Basic parts • Water • Protein • Carbohydrates and Fats (energy) • Minerals • Vitamins

  25. Water Clean and Fresh The most important nutrient

  26. Protein • When in the growing stages - protein levels need to be higher • When in the finishing stages - protein needs to be lower • Provide material to build tissue • Wool, hooves, skin, muscle, internal organs

  27. Protein • Feed your lamb the Protein level that is recommended for the growth stage they are in. • These levels are only suggestions and may need adjusting depending on your lambs needs and requirements

  28. Carbohydrates and Fats (Energy) • Important for body maintenance, growth, movement and heat production • Efficient use of Energy depends on levels of protein • High Energy requirements need high Protein levels. (growing lambs) • Note… • Most commercially prepared show lamb feeds will be balanced with regards to protein and energy levels

  29. Vitamins and Minerals • Lambs require little amounts of vitamins, but are still important • Vitamins A and B complex are important for good health • Salt, Calcium and Phosphorus are important • Have free choice salt and mineral available at all times


  31. Pen Preparation • Be sure there are no sharp objects that can injure your lamb • Keep pen clean and free of trash • Provide good shade and protection from the weather • Provide adequate exercise space

  32. Pen - shade • Trees can provide very good shade • Man made shades can be very beneficial • Air circulation is very important

  33. Starting on feed • Allow lambs to get used to their new surroundings • Feed some good quality grass, or alfalfa hay at first • Don’t start on grain right away if they haven’t been on creep feed or grain before

  34. Feed • Start very slowly • This allows the digestive system to get used to the concentrated feed • ¼ to ½ pound per day at the beginning • Build up to 3% of the lambs body weight • Allow 15 minutes for lambs to finish their grain

  35. Success in Feeding • Hand feeding is the best • Look over your lamb twice a day • Note how they are eating • Monitor weight gains • Monitor fat • Exercise


  37. Exercise • Will not necessarily develop muscle • Muscle is genetic • It will maintain and promote condition of muscle • Stimulate appetite • Help with even finish or fat cover

  38. Jumps • Jumps can aide in developing firm legs and loin • Jumps can be: • Hurdles • Barrels • Railroad ties • Pipes or boards

  39. When to exercise • Only when it is cool • Early morning or late evening • Start slowly and build to a full exercise program • Large pen space may let lambs get by with less exercise • Walking a lamb doesn’t give them proper exercise but is better than nothing.

  40. Running • Running without hurdles can help firm and harden finish during the last 4 to 6 weeks. • Getting lambs too hot can be bad for finish

  41. HEALTH

  42. Basic Health • Considerations • Enterotoxemia (overeating disease) • Internal Parasites (worms) • Soremouth • Tetnus • Ringworm • Prolapse • Polyarthritis (stiff lamb disease)

  43. Rake Shovel Trimming stand Clippers Wool card Rope halter Hand Shears Portable feed and water troughs Lamb blankets or socks Equipment

  44. Papers and Regulations • Be sure to get a proper bill of sale from the seller • Brand inspection papers are not required on Lambs • If purchasing from out of state be sure to follow the requirements mandated by law by the Utah Department of Agriculture. For more information call the state vet at 801. 538.7100 See Darrell for details


  46. Finding them • There are various places to purchase show lambs. • Ask Darrell and he can let you know of breeders both locally and out of state, as well as lamb sales in the area or region.

  47. Lamb information resources • Internet • www.clublambpage.com • Search Engine keywords like: • show lamb, club lamb, junior market lamb • Magazines • Purple Circle • The National Livestock Exhibitor • Pacific Showcase

  48. Rich County Junior Livestock Schools and Skillathon • June 14-17, 2005 • Rich County Fairgrounds • Demonstrations • Lectures by experts • Hands on instruction • Showmanship • Fitting • Feeding

  49. Rebel Jackpot • June 18, 2005 • Rich County Fairgrounds • Swine 8:00 AM • Steers 10:00 AM • Lambs 2:00 PM • Pigs and Lambs $10 • Steers $25

  50. You’re the Best THANK YOU FOR COMING Good Luck and have a great year ! !

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