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Chapter 5: The Phrase Prepositional, Verbal, & Appositive Phrases PowerPoint Presentation
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Chapter 5: The Phrase Prepositional, Verbal, & Appositive Phrases

Chapter 5: The Phrase Prepositional, Verbal, & Appositive Phrases

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Chapter 5: The Phrase Prepositional, Verbal, & Appositive Phrases

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  1. Chapter 5: The PhrasePrepositional, Verbal, & Appositive Phrases pg. 140-163

  2. What is a phrase? • A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and DOES NOT contain BOTH a verb and its subject. • Prepositional phrase • Participial phrase • Infinitive phrase • Appositive phrase

  3. Prepositional Phrase-Review • Includes a preposition, the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object • A prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun is called an adjective phrase. • The boyin the blue shirt is tall. • A prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb is called an adverb phrase. • The students have been at school since 8am.

  4. Verbals & Verbal Phrases • A verbal is a word that is formed from a verb but is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. • There are 3 kinds of verbals: • participle • gerund • infinitive

  5. Verbals & Verbal Phrases: Participles • A participle is a verb form that can be used as an adjective. • Present participles end in –ing. • The laughingchildren enjoyed the clown show. • Most past participles end in –d or –ed, but some are irregularly formed. • The cracked mirror shattered into a million pieces.

  6. Verbals & Verbal Phrases: Participial Phrase • A participial phrase consists of a participle and any modifiers or complements the participle has. The entire phrase is used as an adjective. • We heard the studentssinging joyfully in the chapel. • A participial phrase “should” appear as close as possible to the word it modifies in the sentence. Otherwise, the phrase may seem to modify another word and the sentence may not make sense. • Slithering through the grass, I saw a snake. (WRONG!) • I saw a snakeslithering through the grass. (CORRECT!)

  7. Verbals & Verbal Phrases: Gerunds • A gerund is a verb form ending in –ing that is used as a noun. • We watch TV in the evening. (watch is a verb) • Watching TV is relaxing. (gerund) • If you aren’t sure if an –ing word is a gerund or a participle, try this test. • Substitute a pronoun for the –ing word. If the sentence still makes sense, the word is a gerund. • Watching TV is relaxing. • It is relaxing.

  8. Verbals & Verbal Phrases: Gerund Phrase • A gerund phrase consists of a gerund and any modifiers or complements the gerund has. The entire phrase is used as an noun. • Watching TV is relaxing. (functions as the subject) • The students heard the loud ringing of the bell. (DO) • Mom made desert by baking cookies. (OP)

  9. Verbals & Verbal Phrases: Infinitives • An infinitive is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. • Most infinitives begin with to. • To bake brownies takes about an hour. • The best time to bake brownies is in the afternoon. • Mom was ready to bake brownies when I got home.

  10. Verbals & Verbal Phrases: Infinitive Phrase • An infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive and any modifiers or complements the infinitive has. The entire phrase may be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. • To bake brownies takes about an hour. (functions as the subject) • The best timeto bake brownies is in the afternoon. (modifies time) • Mom was readyto bake brownies when I got home. (modifies ready)

  11. Verbals & Verbal Phrases: Appositives • An appositive is a noun or a pronoun placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify or describe it. • My teacher Mrs. Harris enjoys watching Jeopardy. • Mrs. Legendre, our principal, loves SJS.

  12. Verbals & Verbal Phrases: Appositive Phrase • An appositive phrase consists of an appositive and its modifiers. • An appositive or appositive phrase that is NOT essential to the meaning of the sentence is set off by commas. • My teacher Mrs. Harris enjoys watching Jeopardy. • Mrs. Legendre, our principal, loves SJS.