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Plans and Planning

Plans and Planning

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Plans and Planning

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  1. Plans and Planning Plan: A detailed scheme, program, or method worked out beforehand for the accomplishment of an objective.

  2. Types of Plans • Financial • Wedding • Event • Estate • Military • Kitchen

  3. Definition • Planning: The process of preparing a detailed scheme……..to accomplish an objective. • Planning is future-oriented and comprehensive. • It seeks to link knowledge and action in ways that improve the quality of public and private development decisions affecting people and places. • Planning embraces visionary and utopian thinking, yet also recognizes that the implementation of plans requires the reconciliation of present realities.

  4. Purpose of Urban Planning • Promote the public good; • Help meet human needs in a manner that enhances the quality and distribution of resources in the physical, social and economic environment; and • Advocate an open, informed and inclusive public decision making process to reach rational decisions.

  5. History • Lake Dwellers • Rome • Paris • Barcelona • Washington, DC • Chicago, IL

  6. Rome

  7. Paris

  8. Washington, DC

  9. Chicago, IL

  10. Traditional Themes • Land Use • Environment • Transportation • Economic Development • Housing • Infrastructure

  11. Land Use Map

  12. Environment

  13. Transportation

  14. Economic Development

  15. Housing

  16. Infrastructure

  17. Early Approaches • Dealt largely with how to create a healthy, attractive, efficient, and safe community. • Focused on forms, patterns, locations, and interrelationships of streets, public and private building sites, parks and recreation areas, shopping and industrial districts, etc. • Explored closely related legal and social issues like public control of land use and building height, bulk, and housing standards.

  18. Modern Approaches • Embraces virtually all aspects of urban public administration: • Environmental protection • Economic development • Crime prevention • Conflict resolution • Prevention of gender, racial, ethnic, and age discrimination

  19. Current Examples • Portland, OR • Boulder, CO • Teton County, WY • Davis, CA

  20. Portland, OR

  21. Boulder, CO

  22. Teton County, WY

  23. Davis, CA

  24. Traditional Planning Process • Rational Planning • Applies rational decisionmaking to planning process • Typical elements: • goal setting, • Identification of policy alternatives, • Evaluation of means against ends, and • Implementation of decisions with feedback loops and repetition of steps

  25. Rational Planning Process • Formulation of goals and objectives • Identification and design of major alternatives • Prediction of consequences of each alternative • Evaluation of consequences in relation to desired objectives and values • Decision based on information provided in the preceding steps • Implementation of decision • Feedback and assessment of results

  26. Requirements for Rational Planning • Well defined problem • Alternatives to consider • Baseline information • Complete information about the consequences of each alternative • Information about the values and preferences of citizens • Adequate time, skill, and resources.

  27. Alternatives • Incremental • Push and pull approach • “Satisficing” • Advocacy • Social justice • Radical • Grass roots

  28. Legal Issues • Status of the plan • Relationship of the plan and the zoning ordinance • Jurisdictions

  29. Problems • Scale • Participation • Representation • Equity • Sustainability • Economy • Natural systems • Politics • Values