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Conservation of Rare Medicinal Trees: Experiences from Rukararwe of in South Western Uganda

Conservation of Rare Medicinal Trees: Experiences from Rukararwe of in South Western Uganda

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Conservation of Rare Medicinal Trees: Experiences from Rukararwe of in South Western Uganda

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  1. Conservation of Rare Medicinal Trees:Experiences from Rukararwe of in South Western Uganda Nyine Bitahwa, RUKARARWE PWRD, Uganda Anke Weisheit, ICRAF/ Mbarara University, Uganda

  2. WOMEN FARMERS SHOOLS ARTISANS YOUTH HEALERS WEAK Rukararwe PWRD Rukararwe Partnership Workshop for Rural Development (RPWRD) RPWRD was established in 1986, and, among several other activities, it promotes the use of traditional medicine and conserves the environment.

  3. TRADITIONAL HEALERS • The project established an association of traditional and western-trained healers since 1988. • Currently, the association is composed of 170 healers. • It operates a clinic on a daily basis where herbal remedies are administered to patients. • About 2.400 patients per year are treated. • The association holds 15-20 seminars per year and refresher courses to healers which include traditional birth attendants, simple methods of hygiene, preservation dissemination and recording of herbal medicine

  4. Collaboration RPWRDwith ICRAF • Collaboration since 2003 • Ethics: contract of confidentiality with scientist (Anke Weisheit) • Worked in collaboration • Domestication of woody medicinal species • Trainings for herbalists • Improvement of herbal remedies • Documentation Documentation of Traditional Healing practice

  5. Rehabilitation of LOST forest • The institution will strengthen conservation and documentation initiatives Before After 15 years

  6. Propagation • Germplasm collection with healers • Generative Propagation trials • Vegetative propagation trials • Production of tree seedlings

  7. Herbal Garden Establishment For experiments and demonstrations • Trimming experiment (like tea trees)for maximum leaf harvest Sesbania Vernonia • Plant Species Number • Aloe vera 682 • Vernonia amygdalina 663 • Sesbania sesban 80 • Moringa oleifera 39 • Spathodea campanulata 61 • Eriobotrya japonica 50 Aloe

  8. Training • Propagation and tree nurserymanagement • Sustainable harvest and handling • Documentation • Processing

  9. Herbal Medicine Dryer Herbal Medicine Processing • Reduction of processing loss • Slightly improved processing • Constrains: • Production not GMP conform • Hard working condition • Difficulties of exact measuring Cosmetic Processing GMP = Good Manufacturing Practice

  10. Future Herbal Medicine Improvement • Better Packing • More patient friendly • Better measurement of dosage • Saver use (Color coding) • Moving from polythene bag to film tube… to cream jar March 2003 August 2003 June 2004 January 2005

  11. Prunus africanaas firewood and charcoal!!!

  12. Alternative housing technologies

  13. Successes • Enlarging the existing herbal forest (130 trees species planted) • Conservation through aforestation is possible • Collaboration with western and African traditional health practitioners possible • Exposure of good practice of traditional healing • Networking countrywide and international recognition • Publication – Tropical Doctorand local Newspapers

  14. New Product Development • Rucos Herbal Skin Care is made of natural locally available raw materials • Contain only natural ingredients • No artificial preservatives • Use only locally / nationalavailable materials • Constrains • Preservation for longer shelf life • Marketing costs and strategies • Initial production funding • More diversity in products

  15. Activities in Future • The Institution will establish relevant seminars, workshops and short courses on topics of interest. This will be open for everyone interested. • A curriculum will be developed for the institution to offer diplomas and degrees at different levels. • Traditional medicine will be a recognized system which will adequately contribute to the country’s Primary Health Care system

  16. Activities in Future cont. • Set-up processing unit which is GMP conform • Mobilising outgrowing of needed medicinal species and training farmers in the cultivation • Improvement in post harvest handling • Clinical Trials (WHO Guideline for Traditional Medicines) • Alternative housing technologies which can improve the health conditions, savethe environment and affordable

  17. Future training needed in nursery management Challenges • Present legislation does not recognize TM • Fundraising will be a major challenge. • Widespread stigmatization of Traditional medicine • Lack of interest from funding agencies • Lack of good processingequipment Future In-patient clinic

  18. Contacts: Nyine Bitahwa (Director)Rukararwe Partnership Workshop for Rural Development (RPWRD)P.O. Box 275 BushenyiUgandaMob: +256-772-339953email: nyinebitahwa@yahoo.comWeb: www.rukararwe.kabissa.orgAnke Weisheit,ICRAF- Uganda, P.O. Box 26416, Kampela, UgandaMbarara University, Faculty of Dev. Std, P.O. Box1410, Mbarara UgandaMob: +256-772-888096email: ankeweisheit@web.de Web: http://www.worldagroforestry.org