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453 Chapter 9

453 Chapter 9

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453 Chapter 9

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  1. 453 Chapter 9 Late Modern English 1800 - Today

  2. Important Events/Trends • Continued UK Imperialism 1800s • Webster’s American English Dict. 1828 • American Civil War 1860s • Spanish-American War 1898 • Radio//BBC 1904/1922 • WWI & WWII  UN 1910s/1940s • Movies//TV 1920s/1936 • Oxford English Dictionary 1933 • Internet//Web browser 1983/1992 • Fall of the USSR 1991

  3. British English • Prestige • Purity • Elegance • Linguistic Nonsense • Fiscal Reality • British: Prestigious • American: Commercial

  4. American English • Intact through Mayflower’s voyage • Resembles 1700 Eng. • Vowel shift [æ] [a] • R – loss [r]  Ø • ∆ in Grammar as well • Change in lexicon on both sides… in UK

  5. Linguistic Purism • Stuff & Nonsense! (???) • Who // Whom • Can // May • Like (as conjunction: “run like the wind…”) • Beating a dead horse??

  6. Whaddya Think? • True or False? • In America grammar is more key to prestige than pronunciation”

  7. Whaddya Think? • True or False? • It is easier to change pronunciation than grammar in your ‘filtered’ speech.

  8. On the OED • Initiated in 1857 • 1st Edition: 1928 • 2nd Edition: 1933 (title OED) • 3rd + Eds: 1972 + • Ongoing today • Scope • Purpose

  9. Whaddya Think? • Given your current career goals, what use might you have for the OED at some future point in time?

  10. US vs. UK English • Pronunciation • Intonation • Spelling

  11. Dialectal Variation • Geographical • Ethnic • Social ------------------ • Register Style // Slang • Ideolect ------------------- • Pidgin • Creole

  12. World Englishes • ESL • EFL

  13. Whaddya Think? • What factors have been most influential in making English ‘the world language’?

  14. Whaddya Think, Revisited? • What makes “English”, “English” • Take into account what you know, have heard about or can intuit about English in countries like India, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Singapore, Japan, China, etc.

  15. Exercises: • Together: • 9.2.1: How many do you know? • 9.2.2: How many can you think of? • Alone: • 9.4.1 (1-9) • 9.4.2 (only selected provided) • 9.6.2 (you may need some of 9.6.1) • Analyze your dialect at: http://www.blogthings.com/amenglishdialecttest/