Fifth Grade Social Studies Looking at Unit 8 Overcoming the Past: The Age of Civil Rights March 10, 2009
Importance of Technology • Television & space exploration (H8d) • Importance of visual imagery: • During WWII, people saw footage in newsreels • During Vietnam & the Civil Rights Movement, people saw footage in television – in their living rooms • Beginning of nearly-immediate access to information
Thurgood Marshall • http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/marshallthrgd • http://www.oyez.org/justices/thurgood_marshall/ http://www.historicaldocuments.com/ThurgoodMarshalletal.jpg http://www.supremecourthistory.org/02_history/subs_timeline/images_associates/082.html http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/images/tlc0240.jpg
Rosa Parks • Student interview with Mrs. Parks shortly before her 1995 death: http://teacher.scholastic.com/rosa/interview.htm#brave • Detroit News’s coverage of Mrs. Parks’s life: http://www.detnews.com/2005/specialreport/0510/25/index.htm • Rosa Parks Library & Museum in Montgomery, AL: http://montgomery.troy.edu/rosaparks/museum/ http://www.congressionalgoldmedal.com/images/RosaParksFromAlGore.gif http://www.achievement.org/achievers/par0/large/par0-003.jpg http://www.princeton.edu/~bsu/New%20Pictures/Rosa%20Parks.jpg
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. • The King Papers Project @ Stanford: http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/ • Kid-Friendly MLK Biography from the Library of Congress:http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/king • Slide Show from later in MLK’s life at Scholastic:http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/indepth/mlk/news/index.asp?article=previews# • Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site: http://www.nps.gov/malu/ • The King Center for Non-Violent Social Change: http://www.thekingcenter.org/
Protest Movements • Image: http://crmvet.org/images/imgstrug.htm - cotton pickers on strike in Orangeburg, SC in 1963 • Why is this image significant? • * What events does it tie together?
Protest Movements Image: http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/haventohome/timeline/images/_cards/1970_075_card.jpgTaken in 1965 • Why is this image significant? • * What do you notice about the people in the image?
What do people in Vietnam today call this conflict? • Who’s Who of the Vietnam conflict: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/vietnam/whos/index.html • Timeline of US involvement (teacher reference: http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/vietnam/timeline.htm • Information for teachers (from a Vietnam Veterans’ Organization) & a “virtual Wall”: http://www.teachvietnam.org/ • Photographic story of the conflict from the National Archives: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/vietnam-photos/. http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/vietnam-photos/images/marines-on-tank.gif
Brown v. Board of Education • Complete text of Brown ruling (for exposure – not as a reading lesson): http://www.nationalcenter.org/brown.html • Actual document: http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/doc-content/images/brown-v-board-of-education-m.jpg • Contemporary articles from the Topeka, Kansas Capitol-Journal, as well as coverage of the 50th anniversary of the ruling: http://www.cjonline.com/indepth/brown/ • http://www.tolerance.org/teach/magazine/features.jsp?p=0&is=34&ar=485 • http://www.tolerance.org/teach/magazine/features.jsp?p=0&is=34&ar=491 http://www.nps.gov/brvb
Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act • Civil Rights Act: Signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson in 1964. • Equal access to public accommodations • Demanded school integration • Ended discriminatory hiring practices • Voting Rights Act: Signed into law by President Johnson in 1965. • Reinforced 15th amendment • Outlawed literacy tests & other discriminatory pre-voting measures • Image of the Civil Rights Act: http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=97 • Document-based lesson plan on Civil Rights Act: Image of the Civil Rights Act: http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=97 • Image of the Voting Rights Act: http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=100 • Introduction to Voting Rights Act: http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/voting/intro/intro.php
Passing the 24th Amendment (1962-1964)“There can be no one too poor to vote.” ~ LBJ • Library of Congress mini-presentation: http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/modern/jb_modern_polltax_1.html • 1964 article from Time magazine: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,897070,00.html • Image of the Congressional resolution calling for the amendment: http://nara.cyclecounters.org/24th_Amendment_Pg1of1_AC.jpg
Remember! These are only suggested resources. Make sure to preview these sites before sharing them with your students. You know your students better than I do! Resources! • http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/rfkonmlkdeath.html • RFK’s speech on the night of MLK’s assassination - semi-commercial site • http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/civilrights/cr-exhibit.html • Voices of Civil Rights online exhibit from the Library of Congress – begins with internment of Japanese-Americans and goes through current disability activism – includes documentary images & modern commentary from activists • http://photos.state.gov/galleries/usinfo-photo/39/civil_rights_07/index.html • Annotated images from America.Gov • http://crmvet.org/ • Homepage of the Civil Rights Movement veterans’ organization – includes first-hand accounts of the Movement, along with numerous images, timelines, news reports, and more • http://crmvet.org/images/imgga.htm • Images & narrative particular to the Albany Movement & subsequent Civil Rights actions in Georgia • http://www.time.com/time/time100/scientist/profile/farnsworth.html • Fascinating article about Philo Farnsworth, the “real” inventor of television • http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trm022.html • Maya Lin’s original designs for the Vietnam Veterans’ Memorial
Resources for Integration Freedom on the Menu Carole Boston Weatherford The Wall Eve Bunting Rosa Nikki Giovanni 10,000 Days of Thunder Philip Caputo The Civil Rights Freedom Train Bentley Boyd Philo Farnsworth and Television Ellen Sturm Niz Young Thurgood Marshall Eric Carpenter Linda Brown, You Are Not Alone Joyce Carol Thomas, ed.