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Chinese Language Intermediate 1 Lifestyle/Education and Work

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  1. Chinese Language Intermediate 1Lifestyle/Education and Work Personal Identification House and Home Environment Free Time

  2. Targets for this section 1. To be able to give information about self 2. To be able to give information about family 3. To be able to describe places in town 4. To be able to describe one’s hobbies 5. To know the appropriate way to present information in a letter in Chinese

  3. Activity 1: Reading comprehension Targets for Activity 1 1. To become familiar with the way personal information, hobbies and fun places in a town are presented in a short piece of writing 2. To be able to use the appropriate way to address different members of a family in Mandarin

  4. Brothers and sisters • In Chinese ‘brother’ can either mean 哥哥 gēge (elder brother) or 弟弟 dìdi (younger brother). • ‘Sister’ can either mean 姐姐 jiějie (elder sister) or 妹妹 mèi mei (younger sister)

  5. Cousin The one-child policy means Chinese pupils will have lots of cousins. It is important for us to familiarise ourselves with how cousin can be expressed in Chinese. Cousin can mean • 堂兄tángxiōng • 堂弟tángdì • 堂姐 tángjiě • 堂妹 tángmèi, 表兄biǎoxiōng 表弟 biǎodì 表姐biǎojiě 表妹biǎomèi

  6. How do we express “cousin” in Mandarin?

  7. How do we express “cousin” in Mandarin? In general, you can follow these hints: • First decide whether they are on your father’s side or mother’s side. • If they are on your father’s side, use 堂táng • If they are on your mother’s side, use 表biǎo

  8. How do we express “cousin” in Mandarin? • Second decide whether they are older or younger than you. • If they are older than you, use 兄xiōng for male or 姐jiě for female • If they are younger than you, use 弟dì for male or 妹mèi for female

  9. Exercise 1.1: Reading comprehension • You are taking part in a summer exchange programme in Beijing which has been organised between Scotland and China. Your exchange partner in China introduces herself by email. 发件人: 马丽丽<malili@163.com> 收件人: 林娜<linna@yahoo.co.uk> 日期:2008-11-21 主题:  你的交流伙伴

  10. Exercise 1.1: Reading comprehensionWord list • 交流伙伴 Jiāoliú huǒbàn exchange partner • 已经yǐjing already • 表姐biǎojiě cousin; sister-in-law • 表姐妹biǎojiěmèi cousins; sisters-in-law   • 天安门tiān ānmén Tiananmen Square • 长城chángchéng the Great Wall of China • 故宫gùgōng the Forbidden City • 天坛tiāntán Temple of Heaven • 希望 xīwàng hope

  11. Family members • If you have one elder brother and a younger sister, what do you call them in Chinese? • If you have an elder sister, what do you call her in Chinese?

  12. Family members Answers • If you have one elder brother and a younger sister, what do you call them in Chinese? • Answer: • 哥哥 • 妹妹 • If you have an elder sister, what do you call her in Chinese? • Answer: • 姐姐

  13. Difficult “Cousin”! • David has a cousin called Tom. He is David’s father’s brother’s son. He is one year younger than David. What word should David use to address him? • Your father has a younger sister. She has a daughter called Lindsay. She is older than you. What word should you use to address her?

  14. Difficult “Cousin”! Answers • David has a cousin called Tom. He is David’s father’s brother’s son. He is one year younger than David. What word should David use to address him? Answer: • Your father has a younger sister. She has a daughter called Lindsay. She is older than you. What word should you use to address her? • Answer: 堂弟 堂姐

  15. Difficult “Cousin”! • John’s mother has a younger sister, Catherine. Catherine has one son who is two years older than John. What word should John use to address him? • Jane’s father has an elder brother. He has a son who is three years younger than Jane. What word should Jane use to address him?

  16. Difficult “Cousin”! Answers • John’s mother has a younger sister, Catherine. Catherine has one son who is two years older than john. What word should John use to address him? • Answer: • Jane’s father has an elder brother. He has a son who is three years younger than Jane. What word should Jane use to address him? • Answer: 表哥 堂弟

  17. Activity 2: Language Targets for Activity 2 1. To know how to turn personal pronouns into plural by using 们men 2. To know how to use 的de to form possessive pronouns

  18. Possessive pronouns

  19. Usage of ‘们men’ and ‘的 de’ 我 们 的 • When we pluralise personal pronouns such as 我wǒ, 你nǐ, 他tā and 她 tā in Chinese, we can simply add the suffix word 们 men. • How can we express ‘my’, ‘your’, ‘his’, ‘her’, ‘our’, ‘your’ and ‘theirs’ in Chinese? In Chinese we can simply add the character 的de meaning ‘of’ after personal pronouns such as 我 wǒ,你 nǐ,你们 nǐmen etc.

  20. • 的de may be omitted before nouns where the possessor has a close relationship with the person or object. • For example, 我的妈妈 wǒ de māma (my mother) can be written as我妈妈 wǒ māma and 她的爸爸 tā de bàba as 她爸爸 tā bàba. • However, when there is more than one possessor, one cannot say 他们爸爸 tāmēn bàba or 我们妈妈 wǒmēn māma.

  21. How would you say these phrases in Chinese? my father her mother his mother her older brother our younger sister your son their daughter our sons my elder sisters his younger brothers

  22. How would you say these in English? 我的 我们的 你的 你们的 他的 他们的 她的 她们的

  23. Use 的 de to fill in the blanks where necessary.   1. 他_______妈妈 2.爸爸_______房间 3.哥哥_______书桌 4.他们_______姐姐 5.我们_______老师 6.她_______书 7.我_______姐姐_______朋友 8.他_______弟弟_______名字

  24. Decide whether the following phrases are correct. If a sentence is right, draw a smile after the phrase. If it is not correct, draw a cross and correct it. • 我爸爸 • 他们妈妈 3.她的姐姐 4.他的哥哥 5.她们的弟弟 6.她弟弟 7.我哥哥们 8. 你爸爸 9.我们姐姐

  25. Decide whether the following phrases are correct. If a sentence is right, draw a smile after the phrase. If it is not correct, draw a cross and correct it. • 我爸爸 • 他们妈妈 3.她的姐姐 4.他的哥哥 5.她们的弟弟 6.她弟弟 7.我哥哥们 8. 你爸爸 9.我们姐姐

  26. Activity 3: Writing   Targets for Activity 3 1. To be able to write basic personal information 2. To be able to present personal information about your family members 3. To be able to talk about your jobs and hobbies 4. To be able to give information on places in a town

  27. 吗ma • We can add 吗at the end of an affirmative sentence to turn it into a question sentence. • For example, ‘他喜欢足球。’means ‘He likes football’. But we can add 吗at the end and turn it into a question sentence: ‘你喜欢足球吗?’, which means ‘Do you like football?’ • To answer a question, we can say: ‘是的’for ‘yes’ or ‘不’for no’.

  28. 不bù • When expressing dislikes, we can add 不in front of the verb to turn an affirmative sentence into a negative sentence. Thus, if we want to say ‘I do not like football’ we can say: ‘我不喜欢足球。’.

  29. Exercise 3.1 • Are you familiar with the way information such as personal information and places in a town are presented and what people do in their free time? Before you write, check whether you can say the following in Chinese. You can make notes in the space provided.

  30. Example:

  31. Exercise 3.2  Now compare your notes of Exercise 3.1 with the answers below. English Mandarin How to present your personal information: 我叫 、、、。 我、、、岁。 我的生日是、、、月、、、日 。 我住在 、、、。 • How to present personal information: • your name • your age • your birthday • where you live

  32. Exercise 3.2  Now compare your notes of Exercise 3.1 with the answers below. English Mandarin How to present professions and information family members: 我妈妈、、、 岁。 她是、、、。 Example: 我妈妈是售货员。 爸爸是工程师。 • How to present professions and information family members: • My mother is … (age). • She is … (profession) • Example: • My mother is a sales assistant. My dad is an engineer.

  33. Exercise 3.2  Now compare your notes of Exercise 3.1 with the answers below. English Mandarin How to express your hobbies using ‘喜欢’ (like) and ‘不喜欢’ (dislike) Example: 我喜欢打篮球。 我不喜欢打羽毛球。 • How to express your hobbies using ‘喜欢’ (like) and ‘不喜欢’ (dislike) • Example: • I like playing basketball. • I don’t like playing badminton.

  34. Exercise 3.2  Now compare your notes of Exercise 3.1 with the answers below. English Mandarin How to express places for fun in a town by using 有yǒu (have, has) and 去qù (go to) Example: 爱丁堡有很多好玩的地方。 你可以去海边 • How to express places for fun in a town by using 有yǒu (have, has) and 去qù (go to) • Example: • There are lots of fun places in Edinburgh. • You can go to the seaside.

  35. Exercise 3.2  Now compare your notes of Exercise 3.1 with the answers below. English Mandarin How to ask people for personal information. Example: 你多少岁? 你的生日是几月几日? 你的爱好是什么? • How to ask people for personal information. • Example: • How old are you? • When is your birthday? • What are your hobbies?

  36. Some words for Exercise 3.2 Mandarin English have/has be; like like go (to) go (to) at/be/in used at the end of a question • 有   yǒu • 是shì • 喜欢xǐhuān • 去qù • 到dào • 在zài • 吗ma

  37. Exercise 3.3How would you say these in Chinese? Write down your answers. • Hello. My Chinese name is Liu Yun. I am 10. I have one sister, who is 6. • Liu Yun: 刘云

  38. Exercise 3.3How would you say these in Chinese? Write down your answers. • My Chinese name is Wang Xingli. I am 12. I like dancing. • Wang Xingli: 王兴丽

  39. Exercise 3.3How would you say these in Chinese? Write down your answers. • Hello. I am Paul. I am 11. I have a brother, 13 and a sister, 9. • Paul: 保罗

  40. Exercise 3.3How would you say these in Chinese? Write down your answers. • My name is Jane. I am 14. I have a good friend. Her name is Hannah. She is 15. We like going on walks. • Jane简 [Jiǎn] • Hannah汉纳 [Hànnà]

  41. Chinese script for Exercise 3.3 • 你好! 我的中文名字叫刘云。我十岁。我有一个妹妹,她六岁。 • 我的中文名字叫王兴丽。我十二岁。我喜欢跳舞。 • 你好!我叫保罗。我十一岁。我有一个哥哥和一个妹妹。哥哥十三岁,妹妹九岁。 • 我叫简。我十四岁。我有一个好朋友,她叫汉娜,她十五岁。我们喜欢散步。

  42. Exercise 3.4 • Put the following sentences into English.

  43. Exercise 3.4 Put the following sentences into English.

  44. Answers to Exercise 3.4 • My father is 50. He is an engineer. • Her mother and my mother are good friends. • My brother is 25. He is a teacher. • My younger sister is 12. She is a secondary school student. • His younger brother is 13. He likes playing football.

  45. Exercise 3.5 • Which word to use? Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verbs.

  46. _______足球 • _______电视节目 • _______体操比赛 • _______网球 • _______高尔夫球 • _______音乐 • _______电子游戏 • _______电脑 • _______音乐会 • _______表演 • _______羽毛球 • _______骑马比赛 • _______篮球 • _______书 • _______网

  47. Exercise 3.6 Use your answers for Exercise 3.5. Practise saying these phrases with your teacher or someone in your class. Try to use the following sentence pattern and ask them what their favourite sports are.

  48. Exercise 3.7Are there any interesting places in your town? How would you say the following sentences in Chinese? Choose at least five sentences and practise with your teacher or someone in the class. Refer to Exercise 3.1 and the vocabulary list if you need help.

  49. There are a lot of shops and supermarkets in the city. There is a big museum in the city centre. The beach is on the edge of town. The zoo is in the suburbs.

  50. There are a lot of shopping centres, supermarkets and bookshops. You can go to the beach.   You may go shopping. There are a lot of parks in the city.