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Dark Romanticism (American Gothic)

Dark Romanticism (American Gothic)

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Dark Romanticism (American Gothic)

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  1. Dark Romanticism (American Gothic) • A Response to Transcendentalism • The individual is prone to sin and self-destruction • Natural world is dark, decaying, mysterious • Individuals fail in their attempts at social reform

  2. US History Timeline 1800-1860

  3. The American Gothic Nathanial Hawthorne Edgar Allen Poe 1804-1864 1809-1849

  4. Nathaniel Hawthorne • Born in Salem, Massachusetts • Original last name: Hathorne • Changed his name because he was a distant relative of Judge Hathorne, a presiding judge during the Salem Witch Trials. • Most famous novel: The Scarlet Letter • Also wrote numerous short stories

  5. Nathaniel Hawthorne • Involved in politics (Pres. Pierce was a close friend) • Knew Thoreau and Emerson • Spent time in Concord, Mass • Died in his sleep in New Hampshire while on a tour with Pierce

  6. The house of seven gables For, what other dungeon is so dark as one's own heart! What jailer so inexorable as one's self!

  7. Edgar Allan Poe • Born in Boston, Mass. • Parents died when he was young • Raised by the Allan family in Va., but he was never formally adopted. • Spent some time in the military • In 1835, married 13 year-old cousin • Died in 1849—cause unknown (alcohol? Drugs? Rabies? Heart disease? Suicide?)

  8. Edgar Allan Poe • Hours before Poe died, he was found delirious in the streets of Baltimore. He was incoherent and not even in his own clothes. • All medical records have been lost.

  9. The Raven Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortals ever dared to dream before; But the silence was unbroken, and the stillness gave no token, And the only word there spoken was the whispered word, "Lenore!" This I whispered, and an echo murmured back the word, "Lenore!"Merely this, and nothing more.