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Nutrient Metabolism & Energy

Nutrient Metabolism & Energy

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Nutrient Metabolism & Energy

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  1. Nutrition February 2014 Nutrient Metabolism & Energy Jamie Skiles, RD, LD Cascade Health Solutions www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  2. 6 Key Nutrients Carbohydrates Protein Fat Vitamins Minerals Water www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  3. 6 Key Nutrients Sources of Carbohydrates www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  4. 6 Key Nutrients Carbohydrate metabolism: 3 main types of carbohydrates • Glucose • Galactose • Fructose The 3 common forms of carbohydrate: • Maltose - glucose + glucose • Lactose – glucose + galactose • Sucrose – glucose + fructose www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  5. 6 Key Nutrients Sources of Protein www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  6. 6 Key Nutrients Proteins metabolism: Main functions of proteins • Catalysts • Messengers • Structural Elements • Immuntoprotectors • Transporters • Fluid balance Essential Amino Acids: • Are amino acids that we cannot make in the body. We get them from food. www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  7. 6 Key Nutrients Sources of Fat (Lipids) www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  8. 6 Key Nutrients Lipid Metabolism: 3 main Fatty Acids • Saturated • Monounsaturated • Polyunsaturated Essential Fatty acids: • Linoleic acid • Alpha Linolenic acid • Omega 3 Fatty acids www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  9. 6 Key Nutrients Importance of vitamins and minerals Vitamins are essential accessory growth factors Water soluble vitamins • Vitamins C, B’s, Biotin, Folic Acid, Pantothenic acid Fat soluble vitamins • Vitamins A, D, K, E www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  10. 6 Key Nutrients Importance of vitamins and minerals Minerals: provide an essential part in normal cellular, fluid balance, hardness of bones and teeth, and help with metabolism of macronutrients Major minerals include: • Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, and chloride www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  11. 6 Key Nutrients Importance of hydration Water accounts for 60% of our total body weight. Water provides the environment needed for many nutrients to be digested and absorbed It aids in the transfer of nutrients and other compounds from blood to cells and waste products from cells to blood www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  12. Energy for the Day Mental Outlook-manage depression & stress Getting quality sleep Moving More on a regular basis Eating Healthy- balance, moderation and variety www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  13. Energy for the Day www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  14. Energy for the Day Depressed Poor food choices Lack desire to exercise Influence our sleep Not Active Mental outlook Influences our sleep Not as good with food choices www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  15. Energy for the Day Poor food choices We don’t feel good about ourselves We may not sleep as well We may not be as active Lack Sleep We don’t eat as well We don’t feel very good Too tired to be active www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  16. Energy for the Day Do you notice a difference when….. • feeling stressed and/or depressed • you are physically stress- illness • not getting enough sleep • more or less active • eat right or eat poorly www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020

  17. Thank You! Nutrition Questions www.cascadehealth.org 2650 Suzanne Way 541.228.3020