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Nutrition PowerPoint Presentation

Nutrition

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Nutrition

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  1. By: Jake Keremidschieff Computers 8 Nutrition

  2. Vitamins • Need them to grow and develop • Has many functions (e.g.) • Vit A helps eyes • Vit D helps bones • Etc… • 2 Types • fat-soluble (A,D,E,K) • water-soluble (B,C) • Each one has a special role • Your body needs them to work properly • In most foods including: • meats, fruits, vegetables, dairy

  3. Carbohydrates • Provide energy • 2 Types: • Simple (Sugar) • Complex (Starches) • Easily digested by the body • Made of hydrocarbon molecules • Contain carbon, oxygen and hydrogen • Foods: • grains, fruits, vegetables, dairy, and desserts

  4. Water • Transports nutrients in and out of cells • Needed for maintenance of proper body temperature • Human brains are 75% water. • Human bones are 25% water. • Human blood is 83% water. • In adults about 37L • You should drink 12 cups a day • Drinking too much can cause health risks

  5. Proteins • Builds, maintains, and replaces tissues in your body • Build and repair muscles • 2 types: • Egg protein(natural) • Casein protein (rich) • Your muscles, organs, and immune system are made up of protein • made up of polymers of amino acids • Foods: • beef, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, and legumes like black beans and lentils

  6. Fats • Produce when diet provides the body with more calories than needed • Regular exercise will help to decrease your body fat • 2 Types • Good kind ( monounsaturated and polyunsaturated ) • Bad kind ( saturated and trans) • Removal of fat is achieved by consuming fewer calories • Common high fat foods: • •Chocolate candies, trail mix, cheese sauce, ricotta cheese, chicken pot pie, • Etc…

  7. Minerals (dietary) • Many functions: build strong bones or transmitting nerve impulses • 2 Types: • Macro (critical ingredients to health) • Trace (support integrated nutrition) • Help your body grow, develop, and stay healthy • Make hormones or maintain a normal heartbeat • Food: • meat, seafood, milk, eggs, plants, mushrooms, mineral water

  8. Fibre • Really good for you and your bowels • Can't be digested so it helps clean out your intestines • 2 Types • water-soluble (dissolves in water and is found in oat bran, legumes, Psyllium) • Insoluble (cannot be dissolved in water, meaning that our bodies cannot digest it) • Daily intake is about 5 to 14 grams per day • Found in plants • Food: • brown rice, fruit, and oatmeal, fruits, vegetables etc….

  9. Bibliography • http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/food/carbohydrates.htm • http://www.brianmac.co.uk/fat.htm • http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/protein.html • http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/vitamin.html • http://kidshealth.org/kid/word/f/word_fiber.html • http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/minerals.html • http://www.coastalcoolers.com/body.pdf