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Challenges and way forward for children’s services in Hungary

Challenges and way forward for children’s services in Hungary

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Challenges and way forward for children’s services in Hungary

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  1. Challenges and way forward for children’s services in Hungary Parental Childcare and Employment Policy „Collision or Complementarity?” Prague, 5-6 February 2009 Marta Korintus SZMI Institute of Social Policy andLabour www.szmi.hu

  2. SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour The system • Leaves to care for children • For insured parents • For uninsured parents • Financial support • Monthly payment (family allowance) • Tax credit • Services for children • „Bölcsőde” for under 3’s • „Óvoda” for 3-6 year olds • Family day care for 20 month -14 year olds www.szmi.hu

  3. Types of leave SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour www.szmi.hu

  4. SZMI Institute of Social Policy andLabour 2007 data for nursery and kindergarten www.szmi.hu

  5. Services offered by nurseries SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour www.szmi.hu Crèsche service Mother toddler group Organized events for parents Toy and book library Take-away meals Home childcare Advisory service for parents

  6. Family day care SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour www.szmi.hu • Licensed homes • Max. 5 children per adult • 205 family day care provider in 2007 • 51 public • 154 non-public

  7. Family day care -Concerns SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour www.szmi.hu What level of quality can be ensured in these homes What kinds of support family day care providers could receive to get started and to operate How it is possible to ensure a good balance between center-based care and family day care when the latter is cheaper for local authorities

  8. Family day care –Debated issues SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour www.szmi.hu Setting standards Training Support Balance

  9. Family day care –Results SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour www.szmi.hu • Legislation was passed • License is required • Definition of fit person • 60 hours training • Criteria set for environment • Criteria for working with children

  10. Challenges for childcare in Hungary SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour www.szmi.hu Need- or supply-driven services? Diversification Financing Attitudes / ideology

  11. Financing SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour www.szmi.hu • Financing for public childcare services • Earmarked funding (30-40%) • Parental payment (10%) • Local authority contribution (rest of the cost) • Financing for non-profit childcare services • Earmarked funding (30-40%) • Parental payment (10%) • Local authority contract (varies) • Income for additional services (varies)

  12. SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour Attitude • How suitable/good are the following forms of childcare for a child under the age of 3? (on a 4 point scale) • Mother is at home with the child: 3.87 • Father is at home with the child: 2.68 • Grandparents with the child: 2.61 • Nursery: 2.35 • Family day care: 2.1 • Friends look after the child: 1.7 • Babysitter: 1.68 www.szmi.hu

  13. SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour Framework of HU’s strategy • EU Barcelona targets • “Legyen Jobb a Gyermekeknek” (Let It Be Better For Children) National Strategyand Action Plan • to decrease the ratio of children and families living in poverty • to support parents’ labor market participation • to develop services for children under 3 • New Hungary Development Plan (2007-2013) www.szmi.hu

  14. SZMI Institute of Social Policy and Labour Way forward? • Integration of nursery and kindergarten services • Family day care • Nursery group in kindergartens • Changing the legislation to admit 2 year-olds in kindergartens www.szmi.hu