The Principal Parts of Verbs Infinitive Present Participle Past Past Participle
Infinitive • Definition: a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Infinitives begin with to! • Examples: • No one wantsto stay. • To leave now would be rude. • Her goal isto win.
Present Participle Helping verbs is or are + the –ing form of the verb • Examples: • Mrs. Bedell is reading a good book. • The students are studying grammar. • He is playing baseball this season.
Past Participle Helping verbs have, has or had + the past form of the verb *Irregular verbs have a separate past participle form of the verb • Examples: • My family has gone to Disney World. • The students have studied grammar. • He has run a five minute mile.
Al Capone shines my shoes. shines
Past Tense Al Capone shined my shoes.
Future Tense Al Capone will shine my shoes.
Present Participle Al Capone is shining my shoes.
Past Participle Al Capone has shined my shoes.