TUESDAY • Current Events • Because it’s been 4 days…Pass the Piggy – how was the long weekend?? • Quick notes on suffrage • Reminder: test Friday • Last notes = tomorrow • Study guide + time for KTs = Thursday • KTs due Friday • Daily Reader • Picket Slogans!
Women did fit into a specific, stereotypical gender role back in the late 1800s/ early 1900s…Do women fall under “gender roles” today?Examples?...don’t worry boys, you won’t get in trouble
Women Win Reforms • At this point, women can’t vote or hold political office & few break “the mold” of gender roles in society
Women picket outside of the White Houses > solitary confinement in prison > hunger strike = feeding tubes
Seneca Falls (NY)Convention 1848 sets the scene for women’s suffrage & reform
Key Players • Elizabeth Cady Stanton • Susan B. Anthony • Both renew calls for suffrage • “ oppose 15th amendment as it gives the vote to African American men but notwomen • National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) – 1869 Stanton & Anthony set up a group that worked for a constitutional amendment to give women the right to vote
Women in the West get the first votes • “West is the best” • Pioneer women had worked alongside men to build farms & cities • The right to vote meant that the state recognizes these contributions WHY?
Support grows • By early 1900s 5 million+ earn wages in jobs • smaller than men, but still…wages! • Suffragists: people who worked for women’s right to vote
Picketing • Soon after he became president, Woodrow Wilson met with women to discuss women’s rights. • He did not oppose them, however he was not prepared to back a constitutional amendment. • Why do you think?????
Myeaa Sheeee…. If I appeal to these women, I’ll be a great guy…AND… I’ll win the entire women’s vote!!! • 1918 – Wilson agreed to support suffrage • 1919 – congress passed 19th Amendment: Guarantees women the right to vote • Women’s Clubs • Reading & tea-time reformers, fundraisers, educators, combatants for women/ children rights, advocates supporting a better food/ drug industry, social work COOL! LAME
Alcohol • The temperance movement to end the sale of alcoholic beverages began in the early 1800s • Women lead this movement = wives & mothers recognize alcohol as a threat to the family (violence & hardship)
Alcohol • Women opposed saloons: where alcohol is served & political bosses made political decisions out of the reach of women • Most refused entry to women • Women’s Christian Temperance Union – WCTU: 1874 worked to ban the sale of liquor in the U.S.
18th Amendment • Temperance movement gets support when we go to WW1 in 1917 • Argument: the grain to make liquor should be used to feed the American soldiers • 18th Amendment: 1917 – it is illegal to sell alcoholic drinks anywhere in the U.S.
Make A Picket Slogan!!! … In a group of 2-3 OR by yourself ... Choose One of the Following to Create a Protest-Picket slogan for… **Be Creative!!! ** *Make your message loud & clear for all to understand how you REALLY feel your message is important **KEEP IT APPROPRIATE!!!** (In-Class Activity ) A.) Women’s Rights B.) Minority (race or ethnicity) Rights C.) Class Consciousness (How the Other Half Lives) D.) Realities of the Meatpacking Industry (The Jungle) Make it catchy…. Make it cool! If it looks cool – we’ll hang it to stay in the room